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Anastrepha and Toxotrypana:
descriptions, illustrations, and interactive keys


Allen L. Norrbom, Cheslavo A. Korytkowski, Roberto A. Zucchi, Keiko Uramoto, George L. Venable, Jerrett McCormick and Michael J. Dallwitz

Descriptions (alphabetical order)

Warning. This identification system is not fully completed. Some species have not been fully scored and cannot be eliminated in the identification process, and some characters and species have not been illustrated. Despite these limitations, we have made the system available because it has reached the stage where it functions for most species and there are no other comprehensive identification tools available for this economically important group of fruit flies. Users need to be aware of these limitations in using the system. See also Introduction and Hints on using the keys.

The descriptions of the species included in this system and listed below were generated from a data matrix in DELTA (Dallwitz 1980; Dallwitz, Paine, and Zurcher 1993) with the aid of Intkey (Dallwitz et al. 1993). You may click on a name to go to a description and images for that species. In the descriptions, attributes in bold are diagnostic. The descriptions and images are also available via the interactive keys.

Anastrepha: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X ZToxotrypana



Anastrepha aberrans Norrbom

Anastrepha acidusa (Walker)

Anastrepha acris Stone

Anastrepha acuminata Canal

Anastrepha aczeli Blanchard

Anastrepha alveata Stone

Anastrepha alveatoides Blanchard

Anastrepha amaryllis Tigrero

Anastrepha amazonensis Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha amita Zucchi

Anastrepha amnis Stone

Anastrepha amnis ? [Trinidad]

Anastrepha ampliata Hernández-Ortiz

Anastrepha anduzei Stone

Anastrepha anomala Stone

Anastrepha sp. nr. anomala 1 [Brazil, Maranhão]

Anastrepha sp. nr. anomala 2 [Brazil, Bahia]

Anastrepha anomoiae Norrbom

Anastrepha anopla Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha antilliensis Norrbom

Anastrepha antunesi Lima

Anastrepha aphelocentema Stone

Anastrepha apicata Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha aquila Norrbom

Anastrepha asetaocelata Tigrero & Salas

Anastrepha atlantica Uramoto & Zucchi

Anastrepha atrigona Hendel

Anastrepha atrox (Aldrich)

Anastrepha avispa Norrbom


Anastrepha bahiensis Lima

Anastrepha barbiellinii Lima

Anastrepha barnesi Aldrich

Anastrepha barrettoi Zucchi

Anastrepha belenensis Zucchi

Anastrepha bella Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha benjamini Lima

Anastrepha bezzii Lima

Anastrepha bicolor (Stone)

Anastrepha binodosa Stone

Anastrepha bistrigata Bezzi

Anastrepha bivittata (Macquart)

Anastrepha bondari Lima

Anastrepha borgmeieri Lima

Anastrepha brunnealata Norrbom & Caraballo

Anastrepha buscki Stone


Anastrepha canalis Stone

Anastrepha carreroi Canal

Anastrepha castanea Norrbom

Anastrepha castilloi Norrbom

Anastrepha caudata Stone

Anastrepha chiclayae Greene

Anastrepha cocorae Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha compressa Stone

Anastrepha concava Greene

Anastrepha conflua Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha conjuncta Hendel

Anastrepha connexa Lima

Anastrepha consobrina (Loew)

Anastrepha convoluta Stone

Anastrepha cordata Aldrich

Anastrepha coronilli Carrejo & González

Anastrepha costalimai Autuori

Anastrepha crebra Stone

Anastrepha cruzi Lima

Anastrepha cryptostrepha Hendel

Anastrepha cryptostrephoides Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha curitis Stone


Anastrepha daciformis Bezzi

Anastrepha debilis Stone

Anastrepha dentata (Stone)

Anastrepha dissimilis Stone

Anastrepha distans Hendel

Anastrepha disticrux Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha distincta Greene

Anastrepha doryphoros Stone

Anastrepha dryas Stone

Anastrepha duckei Lima


Anastrepha edentata Stone

Anastrepha elegans Blanchard

Anastrepha elongata Fernandez

Anastrepha enkerlini Hernández-Ortiz

Anastrepha ethalea (Walker)


Anastrepha fenestrata Lutz & Lima

Anastrepha fenestrella Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha fernandezi Caraballo female

Anastrepha fernandezi Caraballo male

Anastrepha fischeri Lima

Anastrepha flavipennis Greene

Anastrepha flavissima Hering

Anastrepha fractura Stone

Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann)

Anastrepha freidbergi Norrbom

Anastrepha furcata Lima [Panama]

Anastrepha furcata Lima

Anastrepha fuscata Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha fuscicauda Norrbom & Korytkowski


Anastrepha galbina Stone

Anastrepha gigantea Stone

Anastrepha glochin Uramoto & Zucchi

Anastrepha grandicarina Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha grandicula Norrbom

Anastrepha grandis (Macquart)

Anastrepha greenei Lima

Anastrepha guianae Stone


Anastrepha hadracantha Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha hamadryas (Stone)

Anastrepha hamata (Loew) complex 1

Anastrepha hamata (Loew) complex 2

Anastrepha hambletoni Lima

Anastrepha haplacantha Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha hastata Stone

Anastrepha haywardi Blanchard

Anastrepha hendeliana Lima

Anastrepha hermosa Norrbom

Anastrepha hyperacantha Norrbom & Korytkowski


Anastrepha inaequalis Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha inca Stone

Anastrepha insulae Stone

Anastrepha integra (Loew)

Anastrepha intermedia Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha interrupta Stone

Anastrepha irradiata Blanchard

Anastrepha irretita Stone

Anastrepha isolata Norrbom & Korytkowski


Anastrepha jamaicensis Norrbom & Korytkowski


Anastrepha katiyari Norrbom

Anastrepha kuhlmanni Lima


Anastrepha lambda Hendel

Anastrepha lanceola Stone

Anastrepha leptozona Hendel

Anastrepha levefasciata Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha limae Stone

Anastrepha linharensis Uramoto & Zucchi

Anastrepha loewi Stone

Anastrepha longicauda Lima

Anastrepha lopezi Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha ludens (Loew)

Anastrepha luederwaldti Lima

Anastrepha lutea Stone female

Anastrepha lutea Stone male

Anastrepha lutzi Lima


Anastrepha macra Stone

Anastrepha macracantha Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha macrura Hendel

Anastrepha maculata Norrbom

Anastrepha magna Norrbom

Anastrepha magnicurva Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha manihoti Lima

Anastrepha manizaliensis Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha margarita Caraballo

Anastrepha martinsi Uramoto & Zucchi

Anastrepha matertela Zucchi

Anastrepha matogrossensis Norrbom & Uchôa

Anastrepha maya Hernández-Ortiz

Anastrepha mburucuyae Blanchard

Anastrepha megacantha Zucchi

Anastrepha mikuymono Tigrero

Anastrepha minensis Lima

Anastrepha minuta Stone

Anastrepha mixta Zucchi

Anastrepha miza Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha montei Lima

Anastrepha morvasi Uramoto & Zucchi

Anastrepha mucronota Stone

Anastrepha munda Schiner

Anastrepha murrayi Norrbom


Anastrepha nascimentoi Zucchi

Anastrepha nascimentoi [Guatemala]

Anastrepha neogigantea Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha nigra Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha nigrifascia Stone

Anastrepha nigripalpis Hendel

Anastrepha nigrivittata Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha nolazcoae Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha normalis Norrbom


Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart)

Anastrepha obscura Aldrich

Anastrepha ocresia (Walker)

Anastrepha oiapoquensis Norrbom & Uchôa

Anastrepha ornata Aldrich


Anastrepha pacifica Hernández-Ortiz

Anastrepha palae Stone

Anastrepha pallens Coquillett

Anastrepha pallida Norrbom

Anastrepha pallidipennis Greene

Anastrepha panamensis Greene

Anastrepha paradentata Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha parallela (Wiedemann)

Anastrepha parishi Stone

Anastrepha partita Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha passiflorae Greene

Anastrepha pastranai Blanchard

Anastrepha peneramosa Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha perdita Stone

Anastrepha phaeoptera Lima

Anastrepha pickeli Lima

Anastrepha pittieri Caraballo

Anastrepha protuberans Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha pseudanomala Norrbom

Anastrepha pseudoparallela (Loew)

Anastrepha pseudorobusta Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha pulchella Norrbom

Anastrepha pulchra Stone

Anastrepha punctata Hendel

Anastrepha punensis Tigrero & Salas


Anastrepha quararibeae Lima

Anastrepha quiinae Lima


Anastrepha rafaeli Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha ramosa Stone

Anastrepha raveni Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha reichardti Zucchi

Anastrepha relicta Hernández-Ortiz

Anastrepha relicta (Puebla specimens)

Anastrepha repanda Blanchard

Anastrepha rheediae Stone

Anastrepha robusta Greene

Anastrepha rojasi Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha rolliniana Tigrero

Anastrepha rosilloi Blanchard


Anastrepha sacha Tigrero

Anastrepha sagittata (Stone)

Anastrepha sagittata ? [Panama, South America]

Anastrepha sagittifera Zucchi

Anastrepha schausi Aldrich

Anastrepha schultzi Blanchard

Anastrepha scobinae Stone

Anastrepha serpentina (Wiedemann)

Anastrepha sp., serpentina group

Anastrepha shannoni Stone

Anastrepha siculigera Norrbom & Uchôa

Anastrepha similis Greene

Anastrepha simulans Zucchi

Anastrepha sinuosa Canal

Anastrepha sinvali Zucchi

Anastrepha sodalis Stone

Anastrepha soroana Fernández & Rodríguez

Anastrepha sororcula Zucchi

Anastrepha spatulata Stone

Anastrepha speciosa Stone

Anastrepha stangei Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha steyskali Korytkowski

Anastrepha stonei Steyskal

Anastrepha striata Schiner

Anastrepha submunda Lima

Anastrepha subramosa Stone

Anastrepha superflua Stone

Anastrepha suspensa (Loew)

Anastrepha sylvicola Knab


Anastrepha tecta Zucchi

Anastrepha teli Stone

Anastrepha tenella Zucchi

Anastrepha teretis Stone

Anastrepha townsendi Greene

Anastrepha trimaculata Tigrero & Salas

Anastrepha tripunctata Wulp

Anastrepha trivittata Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha tsachila Tigrero

Anastrepha tubifera (Walker)

Anastrepha tumbalai Tigrero & Salas

Anastrepha tumida Stone

Anastrepha turicai Blanchard

Anastrepha turpiniae Stone


Anastrepha umbrosa Blanchard

Anastrepha undosa Stone

Anastrepha urichi Greene


Anastrepha velezi Norrbom

Anastrepha vermespinata Tigrero


Anastrepha willei Korytkowski

Anastrepha woodi Norrbom & Korytkowski

Anastrepha woodleyi Norrbom & Korytkowski


Anastrepha xanthochaeta Hendel


Anastrepha zenildae Zucchi

Anastrepha zernyi Lima

Anastrepha zeteki Greene

Anastrepha zucchii Norrbom

Anastrepha zuelaniae Stone


Toxotrypana australis Blanchard

Toxotrypana curvicauda Gerstaecker

Toxotrypana littoralis Blanchard

Toxotrypana nigra Blanchard

Toxotrypana picciola Blanchard

Toxotrypana proseni Blanchard

Toxotrypana recurcauda Tigrero