Dallwitz, M.J. 1993 onwards. Applications and documentation of the DELTA System. http://delta-intkey.com DELTA Home

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Applications and Documentation of the DELTA System

9 December 2012

M. J. Dallwitz

Introduction

This reference list includes hard-copy, CD-ROM, and Web publications. It is arranged by author and date under two subject headings: ‘Documentation and Methodology’ and ‘Applications’. It includes superseded publications.

For indexes to current Web publications, arranged by subject, see:

These indexes include publications that were originally at the superseded sites http://muse.bio.cornell.edu/delta/, http://www.keil.ukans.edu/delta/, and http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/.

Documentation and Methodology

Aiken, S.G., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1999. Interactive, illustrated taxonomic databases: a way to communicate information. In ‘The species concept in the High North — A Panarctic Flora initiative’, pp. 292–304. (Eds I. Nordal and V. Yu. Razzhivin.) The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo.

Askevold, I.S., and O’Brien, C.W. 1994. DELTA, an invaluable computer program for generation of taxonomic monographs. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 87: 1–16.

Brach, A.R., and Hong Song. 2005. ActKey: a Web-based interactive identification key program. Taxon 54: 1041–1046.

Cavalcanti, M.J. 1996. Introdução ao sistema DELTA. 24 pp. Universidade Santa Úrsula, Rio de Janeiro.

Cavalcanti, M.J. 2004. Introdução ao sistema DELTA. V. 3.3. http://maurobio.infobio.net/downloads/deltaman.pdf

Choo, M.H.C. 2002 onwards. DELIA — An integrated DELTA database management software for Windows 95/98/NT. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. http://www.dec.wa.gov.au/science-and-research/information-systems-research/delia.html

Choo, M.H.C., and Spooner, A. 2001. Integration of taxonomic descriptive data across multiple database platforms and softwares (Weed Information Network — a case study). Originally at http://www.tdwg.org/2001meet/choo.htm. A copy, retrieved from the Internet Archive (http://www.archive.org), is available at http://delta-intkey.com

Colless, D.H. 1985. On “character” and related terms. Syst. Zool. 34: 229–233.

Dallwitz, M.J. 1974. A flexible computer program for generating identification keys. Syst. Zool. 23: 50–57.

Dallwitz, M.J. 1978. User’s guide to KEY: a computer program for generating identification keys. CSIRO Aust. Div. Entomol. Rep. No. 4, 14 pp. + microfiche.

Dallwitz, M.J. 1980. A general system for coding taxonomic descriptions. Taxon 29: 41–46. Also available at http://delta-intkey.com.

Dallwitz, M.J. 1980. User’s guide to the DELTA system: a general system for coding taxonomic descriptions. CSIRO Aust. Div. Entomol. Rep. No. 13, 71 pp. + microfiche.

Dallwitz, M.J. 1980. User’s guide to TYPSET: a computer typesetting program. CSIRO Aust. Div. Entomol. Rep. No. 18, 23 pp. + microfiche.

Dallwitz, M.J. 1984. Automatic typesetting of computer-generated keys and descriptions. In ‘Databases in systematics’, Systematics Association Special Volume No. 26, pp. 279–90. (Eds R. Allkin and F.A. Bisby.) Academic Press, London.

Dallwitz, M.J. 1984. User’s guide to the DELTA system: a general system for coding taxonomic descriptions. 2nd edition. CSIRO Aust. Div. Entomol. Rep. No. 13, 93 pp.

Dallwitz, M.J., and Paine, T.A. 1986. User’s guide to the DELTA system: a general system for processing taxonomic descriptions. 3rd edition. CSIRO Aust. Div. Entomol. Rep. No. 13, 106 pp.

Dallwitz, M.J. 1988. A flexible clustering method based on UPGMA and ISS. http://delta-intkey.com. See also Aiken, S.G., Dallwitz, M.J., McJannet, C.L., and Consaul, L.L. 1997.

Dallwitz, M.J. 1989. Diagnostic descriptions from INTKEY and CONFOR. DELTA Newsletter 3: 8–13.

Dallwitz, M.J. 1989. Diagnostic descriptions for groups of taxa. DELTA Newsletter 4: 8–13.

Dallwitz, M.J. 1992. A comparison of matrix-based taxonomic identification systems with rule-based systems. In ‘Proceedings of IFAC workshop on expert systems in agriculture’, pp. 215–8. (Ed. F.L. Xiong.) International Academic Publishers, Beijing. Also available at http://delta-intkey.com.

Dallwitz, M.J. 1992 onwards. An introduction to computer images. TDWG Newsletter 7: 1–3. Reprinted in Delta Newsletter 8: 7–9. Latest version at http://delta-intkey.com.

Dallwitz, M.J. 1992 onwards. Overview of the DELTA System. http://delta-intkey.com

Dallwitz, M.J. 1993. DELTA and INTKEY. In ‘Advances in computer methods for systematic biology: artificial intelligence, databases, computer vision’, pp. 287–296. (Ed. R. Fortuner.) The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland. Also available at http://delta-intkey.com.

Dallwitz, M.J. 1993 onwards. Applications and documentation of the DELTA system. http://delta-intkey.com

Dallwitz, M.J. 1994. Desirable attributes for interactive identification programs. Taxacom Discussion List, December 1994. Archives at http://mailman.nhm.ku.edu/pipermail/taxacom/

Dallwitz, M.J. 1996 onwards. Programs for interactive identification and information retrieval. http://delta-intkey.com

Dallwitz, M.J. 1997 onwards. Desirable attributes for interactive identification programs. http://delta-intkey.com

Dallwitz, M.J. 1999 onwards. A comparison of formats for descriptive data. http://delta-intkey.com

Dallwitz, M.J. 2000 onwards. A comparison of interactive identification programs. http://delta-intkey.com

Dallwitz, M.J. 2000 onwards. Comparison of the main screens of Intkey and Lucid. http://delta-intkey.com

Dallwitz, M.J. 2000 onwards. Data requirements for natural-language descriptions and identification. http://delta-intkey.com

Dallwitz, M.J., and Paine, T.A. 1993 onwards. Definition of the DELTA format. http://delta-intkey.com

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A., and Zurcher, E.J. 1993 onwards. User’s guide to the DELTA System: a general system for processing taxonomic descriptions. 4th edition. http://delta-intkey.com

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A., and Zurcher, E.J. 1993. Preliminary suggestions for new features for the DELTA system. DELTA Newsletter 9: 2–13.

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A. and Zurcher, E.J. 1993 onwards. Proposed new features for the DELTA system. http://delta-intkey.com

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A., and Zurcher, E.J. 1995 onwards. User’s guide to Intkey: a program for interactive identification and information retrieval. http://delta-intkey.com

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A., and Zurcher, E.J. 1998. Interactive keys. In ‘Information technology, plant pathology and biodiversity’, pp. 201–212. (Eds P. Bridge, P. Jeffries, D.R. Morse, and P.R. Scott.) CAB International, Wallingford.

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A., and Zurcher, E.J. 1999 onwards. User’s guide to the DELTA Editor. http://delta-intkey.com

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A. and Zurcher, E.J. 2000 onwards. Principles of interactive keys. http://delta-intkey.com

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A., and Zurcher, E.J. 2002. Interactive identification using the Internet. In ‘Towards a global biological information infrastructure — challenges, opportunities, synergies, and the role of entomology’, pp. 23–33. European Environment Agency Technical Report 70. (Eds H. Saarenmaa and E.S. Nielsen.) EEA, Copenhagen. http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/technical_report_2001_70

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A., and Zurcher, E.J. 2002 onwards. Interactive identification using the Internet. http://delta-intkey.com.

Dallwitz, M.J., and Zurcher, E.J. 1988. User’s guide to TYPSET: a computer typesetting program. 2nd edition. CSIRO Aust. Div. Entomol. Rep. No. 18, 25 pp.

Diederich, J., Fortuner, R., and Milton, J. 1999. Computer-assisted data extraction from the taxonomical literature. http://www.math.ucdavis.edu/~milton/genisys/terminator.html

Drinkwater, R.E. 2009. Insights into the development of online plant identification keys based on literature review: an exemplar electronic key to Australian Drosera. Bioscience Horizons Advanced Access. http://biohorizons.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/hzp007v1.pdf

Ellis, D.V. 1988. Quality control of biological surveys. Marine Pollution Bulletin 19: 506–512.

Gouda, E.J. 1996 onwards. Taxasoft DELTA programs. http://botu07.bio.uu.nl/taxasoft/

Higgins, J.P. 1979. User’s guide to PABTRAN: a computer program for translating a character-taxon matrix to or from peekaboo cards. CSIRO Aust. Div. Entomol. Rep. No. 6.

Higgins, J.P. 1982. User’s guide to PABTRAN: a computer program for translating a character-taxon matrix to or from peekaboo cards. 2nd edition. CSIRO Aust. Div. Entomol. Rep. No. 6, 41 pp.

Larivière, M.-C. 1995. How to construct interactive identification keys using DELTA and INTKEY — overview with examples from a project on shield bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomoidea). The Weta 18(2):, 28–42.

Li Jian-jun. 1996. DELTA System: an international standard for processing plant taxonomic descriptions. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 34: 477–452.

Macfarlane, T., Lander, N., and Chapman, A. 1995. Angiosperm family identification and the Flora of Australia, a comment. Australian Systematic Botany Society Newsletter 83: 2–8.

Paine, T.A. 1994. INTKEY for Windows. DELTA Newsletter 10: 5–6.

Pankhurst, R.J. 1991. Practical taxonomic computing. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Partridge, T.R., Dallwitz, M.J., and Watson, L. 1986. A primer for the DELTA system on VMS, MS-DOS, and PRIMOS. CSIRO Aust. Div. Entomol. Rep. No. 38, 14 pp.

Partridge, T.R., Dallwitz, M.J., and Watson, L. 1988. A primer for the DELTA System on MS–DOS and VMS. 2nd edition. CSIRO Aust. Div. Entomol. Rep. No. 38, 17 pp.

Partridge, T.R., Dallwitz, M.J., and Watson, L. 1993 onwards. A primer for the DELTA system. 3rd edition. http://delta-intkey.com

Spooner, A. and Chapman, A. 2007. DELTA Intkey tutorial. http://florabase.calm.wa.gov.au/help/keys/intkey_tutorial.pdf

Taylor, A. 1996? Extracting knowledge from biological descriptions. http://www.cse.unsw.edu.au/~andrewt/papers/nlp_vlkb95/nlp_vlkb95.html

Valdecasas, A.G.-, Elvira, J.R., Becerra, J.M., and Bello, E. 1990. Dallwitz’s DELTA: CONFOR, KEY, DIST, TRANSNTE. Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid. (Spanish User’s Guide for the DELTA System.)

Watson, L. 1971. Basic taxonomic data: the need for organization over presentation and accumulation. Taxon 20: 131–136.

Watson, L., Dallwitz, M.J., Gibbs, A.J., and Pankhurst, R.J. 1988. Automated taxonomic descriptions. In ‘Prospects in systematics’, pp. 292–304. (Ed. D.L. Hawksworth.) Clarendon Press, Oxford. Also available at http://delta-intkey.com.

Watson, L., and Milne, P. 1972. A flexible system for automatic generation of special-purpose dichotomous keys, and its application to Australian grass genera. Aust. J. Bot. 20: 331–352.

Wilson, E.O. 1985. The biological diversity crisis. BioScience 35: 700–706.

Applications

Abrantes, E.A. 2011. Fauna de Isotomidae (Collembola: Entomobryomorpha) em áreas da restinga Marambaia, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Tese de Doutorado submetida ao Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Biológicas (Zoologia), Museu Nacional, UFRJ.

Agerer, R., and Rambold, G. 1996. DEEMY: a DELTA-based system for characterization and DEtermination of EctoMYcorrhizae. CD-ROM. Institute for Systematic Botany, München.

Ahyong, S., Berggren, M., Bruce, N., Buhl-Mortensen, L., Camp, D., Davie, P., Firminger, P., Gerkin, S., Gonzalez, E., Haney, T., Haye, P., Hof, C., Jones, D., Just, J., Keable, S., Kensley, B., Larsen, K., LeCroy, S., Lowry, J., Maddocks, R., McLaughlin, P., Meland, K., Myers, A., Parker, A., Peart, R., Poore, G., Rios, R., Thomas, J., Walker-Smith, G., Watling, L., Wilson, G., Yager, J. 1999 onwards. crustacea.net: an information retrieval system for crustaceans of the world. http://crustacea.net

Ahyong, S.T., and Lowry, J.K. 2001 onwards. Stomatopoda: families. http://crustacea.net

Aiken, S.G., Boles, R.L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1999 onwards. Cyperaceae of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval. http://www.mun.ca/biology/delta/arcticf/

Aiken, S.G., Boles, R.L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2000 onwards. Juncaceae and Liliaceae of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: Descriptions, Illustrations, Identification, and Information Retrieval. http://www.mun.ca/biology/delta/arcticf/

Aiken, S.G., Consaul, L.L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1995 onwards. Grasses of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval. http://www.mun.ca/biology/delta/arcticf/

Aiken, S.G., Consaul, L.L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1996. Grasses of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: a DELTA database for interactive identification and information retrieval. Can. J. Bot. 74: 1812–1825.

Aiken, S.G., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1991. Festuca (Poaceae) of North America: interactive identification and information retrieval. Flora Online 26. http://www.mobot.org/plantscience/ResBot/FO/FloraOnline.htm

Aiken, S.G., Dallwitz, M.J., Consaul, L.L., McJannet, C.L., Boles, R.L., Argus, G.W., Gillett, J.M., Scott, P.J., Elven, R., LeBlanc, M.C., Gillespie, L.J., Brysting, A.K., Solstad, H. and Harris, J.G.. 2007. Flora of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval. CD-ROM. National Research Council, Canada.

Aiken, S.G., Dallwitz, M.J., Consaul, L.L., McJannet, C.L., Gillespie, L.J., Boles, R.L., Argus, G.W., Gillett, J.M., Scott, P.J., Elven, R., LeBlanc, M.C. and Zamluk, A.E. 1999 onwards. Flora of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval. http://www.mun.ca/biology/delta/arcticf/

Aiken, S.G., Dallwitz, M.J., McJannet, C.L., and Consaul, L.L. 1996 onwards. Festuca of North America: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval. http://delta-intkey.com

Aiken, S.G., Dallwitz, M.J., McJannet, C.L., and Consaul, L.L. 1997. Biodiversity among Festuca (Poaceae) in North America: diagnostic evidence from DELTA and clustering programs, and an INTKEY package for interactive, illustrated identification and information retrieval. Can. J. Bot. 75: 1527–1555.

Aiken, S.G., Dallwitz, M.J., McJannet, C.L., and Consaul, L.L. 1997. Fescue grasses of North America: interactive identification and information retrieval. CD-ROM. Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa.

Aiken, S.G., Dallwitz, M.J., McJannet, C.L., Gillespie, L.J. and Consaul, L.L. 1998. Saxifragaceae of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: a DELTA database for interactive identification and illustrated information retrieval. Can. J. Bot. 76: 2020–2036.

Aiken, S.G., and Darbyshire, S.J. 1983. Grass genera of Western Canadian cattle rangelands. 173 pp. Canadian Government Publishing Centre, Ottawa.

Aiken, S.G., and Darbyshire, S.J. 1990. Fescue grasses of Canada. 113 pp. Canadian Government Publishing Centre, Ottawa.

Aiken, S.G., LeBlanc, M.C., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2000 onwards. Pteridophytes of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval.’ http://www.mun.ca/biology/delta/arcticf/

Argus, G.W. 1991. Salicaceae. In ‘The vascular plants of British Columbia’, Part 3, pp. 55–67. (Eds G.W. Douglas, G.B. Straley, and D. Meidinger.) British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Special Report 3.

Argus, G.W. 1993. Salix. In ‘The Jepson manual. Higher plants of California’, pp. 990–999, 1001. (Ed. J.C. Hickman.) University of California Press, Berkeley.

Argus, G.W. 1995. Salicaceae: willow family. Part two: Salix. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 29: 39–62.

Argus, G.W. 1997. Infrageneric classification of Salix (Salicaceae) in the New World. Systematic Botany Monographs 52: 1–121.

Argus, G.W. 2001. A guide to the identification of willows in Alaska, the Yukon Territory and adjacent regions: a workshop manual on willow identification. June–July 2001. http://aknhp.uaa.alaska.edu/willow/

Argus, G.W. 2001 onwards. Interactive Identification of New World Salix (Salicaceae) using Intkey. http://aknhp.uaa.alaska.edu/willow/

Argus, G.W., and McJannet, C.L. 1992. A taxonomic reconsideration of Salix taxifolia sensu lato (Salicaceae). Brittonia 44: 461–474.

Argus, G.W., McJannet, C.L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1999 onwards. Salicaceae of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval. http://www.mun.ca/biology/delta/arcticf/

Argus, G.W., and Roberts, A. 1992. Salix. In ‘Plants of Northern British Columbia plant guide’, pp. 54–77. (Eds A. MacKinnon, J. Pojar, and R. Coup.) British Columbia Ministry of Forests and Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton, Alberta.

Askevold, I.S., O’Brien, C.W., and Morimoto, K. 1994. Systematics and evolution of weevils of the genus Bagous Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). III. Phylogenetic analysis of the species known from Japan. Esakia 34: 75–129.

Baehr, B. 2003. Revision of the Australian spider genus Habronestes (Araneae: Zodariidae). Species of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Records of the Australian Museum 55: 343–376.

Balcázar-Lara, M., and Wolfe, K.L. 1997. Cladistics of the Ceratocampinae (Lepidoptera: Saturniidiae). Tropical Lepidoptera 8: Supplement 2, 1–53.

Bayly, M.J., Garnock-Jones, P.J., Mitchell, K.A., Markham, K. R., and Brownsey, P.J. 2000. A taxonomic revision of the Hebe parviflora complex (Scrophulariaceae), based on morphology and flavonoid chemistry. New Zealand Journal of Botany 38: 165–190.

Bayly, M.J., Garnock-Jones, P.J., Mitchell, K.A., Markham, K.R., and Brownsey, P.J. 2001. Description of Hebe calcicola (Scrophulariaceae), a new species from north-west Nelson, New Zealand, including details of flavonoid chemistry. New Zealand Journal of Botany 39: 55–67.

Bayly, M.J., Kellow, A.V., Mitchell, K., Markham, K.R., de Lange, P.J., Harper, G.E., Garnock-Jones, P.J. and Brownsey, P.J. 2002. Descriptions and flavonoid chemistry of new taxa in Hebe sect. Subdistichae (Scrophulariaceae). New Zealand Journal of Botany 40: 571–602.

Bayly, M.J., Kellow, A.V., de Lange, P.J., Mitchell, K, Markham, K.R., Garnock-Jones, P.J., and Brownsey, P.J. 2003. Geographic variation in morphology and flavonoid chemistry in Hebe pubescens and H. bollonsii (Scrophulariaceae), including a new infraspecific classification for H. pubescens. New Zealand Journal of Botany 41: 23–53.

Bayly, M.J., and Kellow, A.V. 2006. Illustrated guide to New Zealand hebes. 387 pp. Te Papa Press, Wellington.

Bellinger, P.F., Christiansen, K.A. and Janssens, F. 1996 onwards. Checklist of the Collembola of the world. http://www.collembola.org

Berendsohn, W. 1991. The arboreal vegetation of the Laderas de La Laguna, a Neotropical forest fragment en El Salvador, C.A. J. Cramer, Berlin.

Boswell, K.F., Dallwitz, M.J., Gibbs, A.J., and Watson, L. 1986. The VIDE (Virus Identification Data Exchange) project: a data bank for plant viruses. Review of Plant Pathology 65: 221–231.

Boswell, K.F., and Gibbs, A.J. 1983. Viruses of legumes 1983: descriptions and keys from VIDE. 139 pp. Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra.

Boswell, K.F., and Gibbs, A.J. 1986. The VIDE (Virus Identification Data Exchange) project: a data bank for plant viruses. In ‘Development and Applications in Virus Testing’, pp. 283–287. (Eds R.A. C. Jones and L. Torrance.) Association of Applied Biologists, UK.

Bradford-Grieve, J.M. 2002 onwards. Calanoida: families. http://crustacea.net

Britton, E.B. 1986. A revision of the Australian chafers (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidea: Melolonthinae). Vol. 4. Tribe Liparetrini: genus Colpochila. Aust. J. Zool., Suppl. ser. 118: 1–135.

Bruhl, J.J., Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1992. Genera of Cyperaceae: interactive identification and information retrieval. Taxon 41: 225–235.

Bruhl, J.J. 1995. Sedge genera of the world: relationships and a new classification of the Cyperaceae. Aust. Syst. Bot. 8: 125–305.

Brunt, A.A., Crabtree, K., Dallwitz, M.J., Gibbs, A.J., and Watson, L. (eds). 1996. Viruses of plants: descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. 1484 pp. CAB International, Wallingford.

Brunt, A.A., Crabtree, K., Dallwitz, M.J., Gibbs, A.J., Watson, L. and Zurcher, E.J. (eds.). 1996 onwards. Plant viruses online: descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. http://image.fs.uidaho.edu/vide/

Brunt, A., Crabtree, K., and Gibbs, A. (eds). 1990. Viruses of tropical plants: descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. 707 pp. CAB International, Wallingford.

Büchen-Osmond, C., Crabtree, K., Gibbs, A., and McLean, G. (eds). 1988. Viruses of plants in Australia: descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. 590 pp. Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra.

Buechen-Osmond, C., and Dallwitz, M. 1996. Towards a universal virus database — progress in the ICTVdB. Arch. Virol. 141: 392–399.

Calder, A.A., Lawrence, J.F., and Trueman, J.W. H. 1993. Austrelater, gen. nov. (Coleoptera: Elateridae), with a description of the larva and comments on elaterid relationships. Invertebr. Taxon. 7: 1349–94.

Carroll, L.E., Norrbom, A.L., Dallwitz, M.J., and Thompson, F.C. 2004 onwards. Pest fruit flies of the world – larvae. http://delta-intkey.com

Carroll, L.E., White, I.M., Freidberg, A., Norrbom, A.L., Dallwitz, M.J., and Thompson, F.C. 2002 onwards. Pest fruit flies of the world. http://delta-intkey.com

Campbell, C.S., and Kellogg, E.A. 1987. Sister group relationships of the Poaceae. In ‘Grass systematics and evolution’, pp. 217–224. (Eds T.R. Soderstrom, K.W. Hilu, C.S. Campbell, and M.E. Barkworth.) Smithsonian Institution, Washington.

Cavalcanti, M.J. 1998. Aplicações de sistemas gerenciadores de bancos de dados em ecologia e sistemática. Acta Biologica Leopoldensia 20: 5–20.

Cavalcanti, M.J. 2005. Biodiversity databases in the Amazon: Biotupé Project experience. In ‘BioTupé: meio físico, diversidade biológica e sociocultural do baixo Rio Negro, Amazônia Central’, pp. 199–213. (Eds E.N. Santos-Silva, F.M. Aprile, V.V. Scudeller and S. Melo.) Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus. (In Portuguese, with English summary.)

Chang, E.R., Dickinson, T.A., and Jefferies, R.L. 2000. Seed flora of La Perouse Bay, Manitoba, Canada: a DELTA database of morphological and ecological characters. Can. J. Bot. 78: 481–496.

Chen, X., Aiken, S.G., Dallwitz, M.J. 2002 onwards. Festuca of China: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. http://cdelta.ibcas.ac.cn/chi/

Chen, X., Aiken, S.G., Dallwitz, M.J., and Bouchard, P. 2003. Systematic studies of Festuca (Poaceae) occurring in China compared with taxa in North America. Can. J. Bot. 81(10): 1008–1028.

Christiansen, K.A., Bellinger, P.F., and da Gama, M.M. 1990. Computer assisted identification of specimens of Pseudosinella (Collembola Entomobryidae). Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol 27: 231–246.

Clarke, D.J. 2011. A revision of the New Zealand endemic rove beetle genus Agnosthaetus Bernhauer (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Coleopterists Society Monograph 10: 1–118.

Clayton, W.D. 1999. Grass species of the world: descriptions, identification, and information retrieval. http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/herbarium/gramineae/wrldgr.htm. Superseded by Clayton, Harman, and Williamson (2002).

Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. 2002 onwards. World grass species: descriptions, identification, and information retrieval. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html

Coles, S., Maxted, N. and van der Maesen, L.J. G. 1998. Identification aids for Cicer (Leguminosae, Cicereae) taxa. Edinb. J. Bot. 55: 243–265.

Cure, J.R., and Dutra, R.R. C. 1991. Organizaçao de bancos de dados zoológicos. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 7: 445–457.

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A. and Zurcher, E.J. 1997 onwards. Butterflies and moths: demonstration of an interactive key. http://delta-intkey.com

de Pernia, N.E., and Miller, R.B. 1991. Adapting the IAWA list of microscopic features for hardwood identification to DELTA. IAWA Bulletin n. s. 12: 34–50

Détienne, P., Neumann, K., Schoch, W., and Schweingruber, F.H. 2001. Woods of the Sahara and the Sahel / Bois du Sahara et du Sahel / Hölzer der Sahara und des Sahel: an anatomical atlas / atlas d'anatomie / ein anatomischer Atlas. Includes CD-ROM. Haupt Verlag, Bern.

Dorda, E., and Fernández Casas, J. 1989. Estudios morfológicos en el género Narcissus L. Anatomía de hoja y escapo, III. Fontqueria 27: 103–162.

Edgar, E. 1986. Poa L. in New Zealand. New Zealand J. Bot. 24: 425–502.

Evans, T., and Kirkup, D. 2001. An interactive key to the rattans of Lao PDR. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Surrey, UK and Oxford Forestry Institute, Oxford, UK. http://www.kew.org/data/rattanslao/

Ganis, P., Martini, F., Borgia, E., Romanelli, G. 1999 onwards. Chiave dei generi delle Graminacee del Friuli – Venezia Giulia. http://www.univ.trieste.it/~biologia/gram/indxgram.htm

Ganis, P., Martini, F., Borgia, E., Romanelli, G. 2000. Chiave computerizzata dei generi delle Graminacee del Friuli – Venezia Giulia. GEAD-EQ n. 12. 90 pp. Universitá degli Studi di Trieste, Italy.

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Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1992 onwards. Grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references. http://delta-intkey.com

Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1992 onwards. The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval. http://delta-intkey.com

Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1993. The families of flowering plants. CD-ROM, Version 1.0 for MS-DOS. CSIRO Publications, Melbourne.

Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1993 onwards. The genera of Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae and Swartzieae: descriptions, identification, and information retrieval. In English and French; French translation by E. Chenin. http://delta-intkey.com

Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1994. The grass genera of the world. 2nd edition. 1081 pp. CAB International, Wallingford.

Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2003 onwards. British insects. http://delta-intkey.com

Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2004 onwards. The Equisetum species (horsetails) of the British Isles. http://delta-intkey.com

Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2004 onwards. The families of spiders represented in the British Isles. http://delta-intkey.com

Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2004 onwards. The ferns (Filicopsida) of the British Isles. http://delta-intkey.com

Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2005 onwards. The families of British non-marine molluscs (slugs, snails and mussels). http://delta-intkey.com

Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2005 onwards. The moss families of the British Isles. http://delta-intkey.com

Watson, L., Dallwitz, M.J. and Johnston, C.R. 1986. Grass genera of the world: 728 detailed descriptions from an automated database. Aust. J. Bot. 34: 223–230.

Watson, L., Damanakis, M., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1988. The grass genera of Greece: descriptions, classification, keys. In Greek. University of Crete, Heraklion.

Watson, L., Gibbs Russell, G.E., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1989. Grass genera of southern Africa: interactive identification and information retrieval from an automated data bank. S. Afr. J. Bot. 55: 452–463.

Webster, R.D. 1984. A revision of the genus Digitaria Haller (Paniceae: Poaceae) in Australia. Brunonia 6: 131–124.

Webster, R.D. 1987. The Australian Paniceae (Poaceae). J. Cramer, Berlin and Stuttgart.

Webster, R.D. 1987. Taxonomy of Digitaria section Digitaria in North America (Poaceae: Paniceae). SIDA 12: 209–222.

Webster, R.D. 1988. Genera of the North American Paniceae (Poaceae: Panicoideae). Syst. Bot. 13: 576–609.

Webster, R.D. 1992. Old World genera of the Paniceae (Poaceae: Panicoideae). SIDA 15: 9–40.

Webster, R.D. 1992. Character significance and generic similarities in the Paniceae (Poaceae: Panicoideae). SIDA 15: 185–213.

Webster, R.D., and Hatch, S.L. 1990. Taxonomy of Digitaria section Aequiglumae (Poaceae: Paniceae). SIDA 14: 145–167.

Webster, R.D., Kirkbride, J.H., and Reyna, J.V. 1989. New World genera of the Paniceae (Poaceae: Panicoideae). SIDA 13: 393–417 + microfiche.

Webster, R.D., and Reyna, J.V. 1988. Genera of Mesoamerican Paniceae (Poaceae: Panicoideae). SIDA 13: 187–221.

Weiller, C.M., Henwood, M.J., Lenz, J. and Watson, L. 1993 onwards. Pooideae of Australia: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval. http://delta-intkey.com (The full package is currently unavailable; contact M. Dallwitz for more information. The descriptions are available at the Internet Archive: http://delta-intkey.com/pooid/www/index.htm.)

Westerkamp, C. and Demmelmeyer, H. 1997. Blattoberflächen mitteleuropäischer Laubgehölze: Atlas und Bestimmungsschlüssel (Leaf surfaces of Central European woody plants: atlas and keys). (In German and English.) 558 pp. Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin.

Xu Zhu, Dallwitz, M.J., and Watson, L. 1992. Chinese and English botanical keys generated by computer. Grassland of China 12(1): 53–57.

Xu Zhu, Watson, L., Dallwitz, M.J., Shi Wen Gui, Nie Su Mei, Ma Yu Bau, and Zhang Hai-yan. 1997. Grass genera of China: automated taxonomic descriptions and making keys. In Chinese. Nei Monggol People’s Publishing House: Huhhot, China.

Zambonelli, A., Rivetti, C., Percudani, R. and Ottonello, S. 2000. TuberKey: a DELTA-based tool for the description and interactive identification of truffles. Mycotaxon 74: 57–76.


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