|Dallwitz, M.J. 2016 onwards. Installing and running the programs of the DELTA System. delta-intkey.com|
PDF version (81KB)
20 October 2016
The DELTA format (DEscription Language for TAxonomy) is a flexible method for encoding taxonomic descriptions for computer processing. The DELTA System is an integrated set of programs based on the DELTA format. For more information, see Overview of the DELTA System.
The programs were originally written for Microsoft Windows by the CSIRO Division of Entomology, and were ported by The Atlas of Living Australia (ALA) to run under Windows or Mac OS X. This document describes how to download, configure, and use the CSIRO version. The ALA version is available at Open DELTA downloads.
This document describes how to download and configure the CSIRO DELTA System.
For a list of the available programs, see Programs available in the DELTA System.
For documentation of the programs, see DELTA documentation.
For the revision history, see Revision history of the Delta System,
If you have previously installed Intkey or the DELTA System by the procedures given below, delete, rename, or move the ‘delta’ folder. N.B. Don’t delete the folder if you’ve used it to store your own data. Download the distribution file, and unzip it into the same location as the original installation, as described below. The other configuration steps should not be necessary.
If you previously installed the programs by running intk32.exe or delt32.exe, uninstall using ‘Control Panel > Add or Remove Programs’ (Windows XP), or ‘Control Panel > Programs > Programs and Features’ (later versions of Windows). (If ‘Delta’ doesn’t appear in the list of installed programs, it means that DELTA wasn’t installed in that way.) Then follow the complete procedures given below.
If you use Revo Uninstaller, be careful when deleting registry entries, as items unrelated to the DELTA programs may be shown, e.g. ‘ContentViewModeLayoutPatternForBrowse - delta’.
Intkey is included with the complete DELTA System, but can be downloaded and configured separately.
Download the Intkey zipfile. Open the downloaded zipfile in Windows (File) Explorer, and drag the folder ‘delta’ from the zipfile. It can be placed anywhere, but the root of your ‘C’ drive is recommended. This will produce a folder ‘C:\delta\’.
You can run the app by double-clicking on ‘C:\delta\intkey5.exe’ in Windows (File) Explorer. In the ‘Select data set’ window, browse to an initialization file, or type or paste the name of an initialization file, which may be on your computer (e.g. ‘C:\delta\sample\intkey.ink’ – DELTA sample data) or on the Web (e.g. ‘http://delta-intkey.com/angio/webstart.ink’ – angiosperm families).
For convenience in running Intkey, you can associate it with its initialization-file type, ‘.ink’, as follows. In Windows (File) Explorer, double click ‘C:\delta\sample\intkey.ink’. In the ‘Windows’ dialog, select ‘Select a program from a list (of installed programs)’, and click ‘OK’. In the ‘Open with’ dialog, click ‘Browse’. In the ‘Open with...’ dialog, browse to ‘C:\delta\intkey5.exe’, and click ‘Open’. Check ‘Always use the selected program to open this kind of file’, and click ‘OK’.
You can also pin Intkey to the Start Menu. In Windows (File) Explorer, right-click on ‘C:\delta\intkey5.exe’, and select ‘Pin to Start (Menu)’.
You will now be able to start Intkey by double clicking on an Intkey initialization file in Windows (File) Explorer, e.g. ‘C:\delta\sample\intkey.ink’; or by clicking on a link to an Intkey Web startup file, e.g. delta-intkey.com/britin/noc/webstart.ink (Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Noctuidae).
To test the app, we recommend using the demonstration key Butterflies and moths, which is specially designed for exploring the general principles of interactive identification, and for use in training courses and workshops. When evaluating interactive-key apps, it’s important to carry out real identifications (when the answer is unknown), rather than pretending to identify familiar organisms (when the answer is known beforehand). This key is suitable for that purpose. The characters don’t require special knowledge, and the illustrations can be used as ‘specimens’ to be identified. For more information, see Principles of interactive keys.
When you exit from a key, you will be given the opportunity to download the zipfile containing the Intkey data, and/or to add the dataset to an index file for easier future access.
Download the DELTA zipfile. Open the downloaded zipfile in Windows (File) Explorer, and drag the folder ‘delta’ from the zipfile. It can be placed anywhere, but the root of your ‘C’ drive is recommended. This will produce a folder ‘C:\delta’. A subfolder ‘sample’ contains the ‘DELTA sample data’, which can be used to experiment with the programs.
Configure Intkey as described above.
In Windows (File) Explorer, right click ‘C:\delta\delta.exe’ ( the DELTA Editor). In Windows XP, choose ‘Open’; in later versions of Windows, choose ‘Run as administrator’, and supply adminstrator login information when prompted. The DELTA Editor runs. You can open a dataset if you wish, or just exit.
You should now be able to run the DELTA Editor by double clicking on the program file (without running as administrator), or by double clicking on a DELTA database (.dlt) file such as ‘C:\delta\sample\sample.dlt’.
The DELTA Editor allows you to enter and maintain DELTA data. You can also run the programs Confor, Key, Dist, and Intkey from within the Editor.
If you want to run DELTA programs in a command window (which gives you additional options – see Programs available in the DELTA System), you should add the folder ‘C:\delta’ to the environment variable ‘path’, as follows. Open the Control Panel.
Click ‘Environment variables’. In the ‘System variables’ box, select ‘path’ and click ‘Edit’. Add ‘C:\delta\;’ at the start of the path. Note the semicolon, which is required to separate the item from the rest of the path, except in Windows 10, which supplies it automatically.
To check that the path has been correctly set, open a command window (see below), and enter the DELTA command ‘listpath’. You should see a listing of the ‘path’ environment variable, with one item per line. (The standard Windows command ‘path’ gives the same information, but in a less readable format.)
For an introduction to using the DELTA System, see User’s guide to the DELTA Editor. This includes instructions on experimenting with the sample data, and producing your own data.
Intkey and the DELTA Editor are normally run by double clicking the program (e.g. ‘C:\delta\delta.exe’) or an associated file (e.g. ‘C:\delta\sample\sample.dlt’) in Windows (File) Explorer. The programs Confor (converting data formats), Key (generating conventional identification keys), and Dist (generating distance matrices) can be run from within the DELTA Editor by choosing ‘View > Action Sets’, choosing the tab for the required program, selecting an ‘Action’, and clicking ‘Run’.
All of the above programs can also be run from a command window, and the other programs described in Programs available in the DELTA System are normally run in that way.
To open a command window in Windows XP, Vista, or 7, choose ‘Start > All Programs > Accessories > Command Prompt’. In Windows 8 or 10, right click ‘Start’ and choose ‘Command Prompt’.
In Windows Vista and later, there is another method that opens a command window in the folder where you want to work. In Windows (File) Explorer, hold down the Shift key and right click on the folder. In the context menu, choose ‘Open command window here’. A similar option can be added to Windows XP by running ‘download.microsoft.com/download/whistler/Install/2/WXP/EN-US/CmdHerePowertoySetup.exe’.
To use the command window with DELTA programs, you must first add the DELTA program folder to the ‘path’ environment variable, as described above.
For easier access to a command window, pin it to the Start Menu, or add a shortcut to the taskbar.
To adjust the size and other properties of a command window, click on the icon at the top left of the window, and choose ‘Properties’. In the ‘Layout’ tab, you can set the ‘Screen Buffer Size’ (which controls the number of lines that are stored for scrolling), the ‘Window Size’, and the ‘Window Position’.
In a command window, you run a program by entering its name, possibly followed by parameters that specify other information such as the name of the file that the program is to process. For example, ‘confor toint’ converts DELTA data to Intkey format.
In the above window, prompts are shown in green and user commands in red. The command ‘to col’ changes the default folder to ‘C:\tx\britin\col’, which contains the ‘Coleoptera families’ data files. See Programs available in the DELTA System for information about the ‘to’ command. The default folder could also have been changed by using the built-in Windows command ‘cd’, but this requires more typing: ‘cd \tx\britin\col’.
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