Commercial Timbers

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H. G. Richter and M. J. Dallwitz

Erythrophleum ivorense A. Chev, E. guineense G. Don (Tali)

Nomenclature etc. FABACEAE-CAESALPINIOIDEAE. E. ivorense - Syn.: E. micranathum Harms ex Holl. Trade and local names: tali (DE, BE, CI, FR, NG), lim du Gabon (FR), ordeal tree (GB), missanda (GB, MZ, CD), mancone (GW), alui, atiemia, lo, méli (CI), eloun, elon (GA CM), elondo, eyo (GA), bolondo, loundi, oloun (CM), bobala, dikassaakassa, kassa, massanda, mishenga, sasswood, ngero (CG, CD), muave (MZ), erun, ibo, obo (NG), gogwi (LR), potrodom (GH), etsa (TG). Not protected under CITES regulations.

Tree. Geographic distribution: tropical Africa.

General. Heartwood basically brown to red to yellow, partly with streaks. Sapwood colour distinct from heartwood colour. Density 0.82–0.94–1.04 g/cm³.

Vessels. Wood diffuse-porous. Vessels in multiples, commonly short (2–3 vessels) radial rows. Average tangential vessel diameter 140–225–350 µm. Average number of vessels/mm² 2–5–7. Perforation plates simple. Intervessel pits alternate, average diameter (vertical) 7–10 µm, vestured. Vessel-ray pits with reduced borders or apparently simple, rounded or angular. Helical thickenings absent.

Tracheids and fibres. Fibres very thick-walled. Average fibre length 540–1150–1630 µm. Fibre pits common in both radial and tangential walls, simple to minutely bordered. Fibres non-septate.

Axial parenchyma. Axial parenchyma paratracheal. Paratracheal axial parenchyma vasicentric, aliform, and confluent. Aliform parenchyma lozenge. Axial parenchyma as strands. Average number of cells per axial parenchyma strand 4–7.

Rays. Rays 7–12 per tangential mm, multiseriate (also if only few), 1–2(–3) cells wide. Rays composed of a single cell type (homocellular); homocellular ray cells procumbent.

Storied structures. Storied structure present (rare) or absent, all rays storied, axial parenchyma not storied. Arrangement of tiers irregular. Stratification mostly irregular (wavy) and only macroscopically visible.

Mineral inclusions. Crystals present, prismatic, located in axial parenchyma cells. Crystal-containing axial parenchyma cells chambered. Number of crystals per cell or chamber one. Silica not observed.

Physical and chemical tests. Heartwood fluorescent (green). Water extract not fluorescent; basically colourless to brown or shade of brown, or red or shade of red. Ethanol extract fluorescent (green). Colour of ethanol extract red or shade of red. Froth test positive.

Illustrations. • Transverse section. Erythrophloeum ivorense. • Tangential section. Erythrophloeum ivorense. • Radial section. Erythrophloeum ivorense.


The interactive key allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within groups of taxa, and geographical distribution.

Cite this publication as: ‘Richter, H.G., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2000 onwards. Commercial timbers: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, Portuguese, and Spanish. Version: 25th June 2009. http://delta-intkey.com’.

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