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The grass genera of the world

L. Watson, T.D. Macfarlane, and M.J. Dallwitz

References and sources of data

The references listed here have mostly been used in preparing the generic descriptions, either as sources of descriptive, floristic, nomenclatural, economic or ethnic data, in connection with generic circumscriptions and/or nomenclature, or as sources of background information in relation to preparing the character list. A few have not yet been used directly, but are informative on aspects which merit inclusion in the future. Note that ‘indirect’ descriptive data of the kind involving extrapolation from tribal or subfamily descriptions or deductions from printed keys have not in general been used as sources of data. Some references relevant to software and to agrostological terminology are also included.

Inclusion in generic descriptions of particular taxonomic references does not necessarily mean that these have provided much of the descriptive data. Nomenclatural inconsistencies between genera described here and the references pertaining to them result from taxonomic realignments. Many of the works listed are largely or in part compilations, which themselves list primary data sources. The latter are given here only when they have been consulted directly.

The references are annotated with ‘subject areas’, mainly to aid searching via computer editors, but assignment of many of the articles is somewhat arbitrary and some appear under more than one heading.

|A: Major sources of comparative anatomical data, or of background information on anatomical characters and character states

|CL: Classification, phylogeny, and classificatory methodology

|C: Classification of the family, phylogeny, classificatory methodology

|G: Chromosomes, breeding systems, hybridization

|H: History of this package

|I: Sources of illustrations

|M: Sources of comparative morphological and/or floristic data for the family, or for large suites of genera

|P: Data sources for comparative biochemistry, physiology, pathogens

|S: Software and relevant background

|T: General taxonomic and descriptive references pertaining to particular genera, or to small series of genera (type descriptions of genera are listed here only when they were found at some stage to yield data directly useful in the present context)

|TE: Morphological and/or anatomical descriptive terminology

Adams, C.D. (1972). Flowering plants of Jamaica. University of the West Indies, Mona. |M

Aiken, S.G. (1983–4). Unpublished morphological data on Canadian grass genera. |M

Aiken, S.G. and Darbyshire, S.J. (1983). Grass genera of the western Canadian cattle rangelands. Biosystematics Research Institute Monograph No. 29. (Agriculture Canada: Ottawa.) |M

Aiken, S.G., Darbyshire, S.J. and Lefkovitch, L.P. (1985). Restricted taxonomic value of leaf sections in Canadian narrow-leaved Festuca (Poaceae). Can. J. Bot. 63(6), 995–1007. |T

Al-Aish, M. and Brown, W.V. (1958). Grass germination responses to I.P.C. and classification. Amer. J. Bot. 45, 16–23. |P

Allred, K.W. (1982). Describing the grass inflorescence. J. Range Management 35, 672–675. |M

Alekseev, E.B. (1976). Austrofestuca E. Alekseev, Comb. Nov. — A new genus of the family Poaceae from Australia. Byull. Mosk. Obsh. Ispyt. Prirody 81(5), 55–60. |T

Alekseev, E.B. (1985). New genera of grasses. Byull. Mosk. Obsh. Ispyt. Prirody 90, 102–109. (Tsvelevia, Festucella, Hookerochloa, Parafestuca). |T

Alekseev, E.B. (1984). Genus Festuca L. (Poaceae) in Mexico et America Centrali. Novitates Systematicae Plantarum Vascularum 21, 25–58. |T

Amarasinghe, V. (1988). Comparative ultrastructure, function and taxonomic significance of microhairs in grasses. Ph.D. thesis, Astralian National University, Canberra. |A|I

Amarasinghe, V. (1990). Polysaccharide and protein secretion by grass microhairs. A cytochemical study at light and electron microscope levels. Protoplasma 156, 45–56. |A|P

Amarasinghe, V. and Watson, L. (1988). Comparative ultrastructure of microhairs in grasses. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 98, 303–319. |A

Amarasinghe, V. and Watson, L. (1989). Variation in salt secretory activity of microhairs in grasses. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 16, 219–229. |P

Anderson, D.E. (1961). Taxonomy and distribution of the genus Phalaris. Iowa State J. Sci. 36, 1–96. |T

Anderson, D.E. (1974). Taxonomy of the genus Chloris (Gramineae). Brigham Young Univ. Sci. Bull. Biol. Ser. 19, 1–133. |T

Anton, A.M. and Cocucci, A.E. (1984). The grass megagametophyte and its possible phylogenetic implications. Pl. Syst. Evol. 146, 117–121. |A|G

Appels, R., Scholes, G. and Chapman, G.D. (1987). The nature of change in nuclear DNA in the evolution of grasses. In ‘Grass Systematics and Evolution’, pp. 73–87. (Eds T.R. Soderstrom, K.W. Hilu, C.S. Campbell and M.E. Barkworth.) (Smithsonian Inst.: Washington.) |P

Artucio, P.I. and Laguardia, A. (1987). Un Nuevo Enfoque Hacia la Definicion del Fruto de las Gramineas. Bol. Invest. Uraguay Fac. Agron. 3. |A|T

Atkins, R.J., Barkworth, M.E. and Dewey, R.D. (1984). A taxonomic study of Leymus ambiguus and L. salinus (Poaceae: Triticeae). Syst. Bot. 9(3), 279–294. |T

Auquier, P. (1963). Critères anciens at modernes dans la systematique de Graminées. Nature Mosana 16, 1–63. |C

Auquier, P. (1980). Hubbardochloa, a new genus of Grasses from Rwanda and Burundi. Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. et Bull. Nat. Plantentium Belg. 50, 241–247. |T

Auquier, P. and Somers, Y. (1967). Récherches histotaxonomiques sur le chaume de Poaceae. Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 100, 95–140. |A

Avdulov, N.P. (1931). Karyo-systematische Untersuchung der Familie Gramineen. Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed. Supp. 44. |G

Baaijens, G.J. and Veldkamp, J.F. (1991). Sporobolus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35, 393–458. |T

Backer, C.A. and Bakjuizen van den Brink, R.C. (1968). Flora of Java. Vol. III. (Wolters-Noordhoff N.V.: Grongingen.) |M

Barker, N.P. (1986). The shape and ultrastructure of the caryopsis of Pentameris and Pseudopentameris. Bothalia 16, 65–69. |T

Barker, N.P., Linder, H.P., and Harley, E.H. (1995). Polyphyly of Arundinoideae (Poaceae): evidence from rbcL sequence data. Systematic Botany 20, 423–435. |C

Barkworth, M.E. (1982). Embryological characters and the taxonomy of the Stipeae (Gramineae). Taxon 31, 233–243. |T

Barkworth, M.E. (1983). Ptilagrostis in North America and its relationship to other Stipeae (Gramineae). Syst. Bot. 8(4), 395–419. |T

Barkworth, M.E. (1990). Nassella (Gramineae, Stipeae): revised interpretation and nomenclatural changes. Taxon 39, 597–614. |T

Barkworth, M.E. (1993). North American Stipeae (Gramineae): taxonomic changes and other comments. Phytologia 74, 1–25. |T

Barkworth, M.E. and Atkins, R.J. (1984). Leymus Hochst. Gramineae: Triticeae in North America: taxonomy and distribution. Amer. J. Bot. 71(5), 609–625. |T

Barkworth, M.E. and Dewey, D.R. (1985). Genomically based genera in the perennial Triticeae of North America: identification and membership. Amer. J. Bot. 72(5), 767–776. |C|G|T

Barkworth, M.E., Dewey, D.R. and Atkins, R.J. (1983). New generic concepts in the Triticeae of the Intermountain Region: key and comments. Great Basin Naturalist 43(4), 561–572. |T

Barkworth, M.E. and Everett, J. (1987). Evolution in the Stipeae: identification and relationships of its monophyletic taxa. In ‘Grass Systematics and Evolution’, pp. 251–264. (Eds T.R. Soderstrom, K.W. Hilu, C.S. Campbell and M.E. Barkworth.) (Smithsonian Inst.: Washington.) |T

Baum, B.R. (1968). Danthonia. Plant Res. Inst. Contr. No. 676. Canadian Dept Agric., Ottawa. Taxon 17, 444–446. |T

Baum, B.R. (1973). The genus Danthoniastrum, about its circumscription, past and present status, and some taxonomic principles. Österr. Bot. Z. 122, 51–77. |T

Baum, B.R. (1977). Oats, wild and cultivated — a monograph of the genus Avena L. (Poaceae). (Dept Agric.: Ottawa.) |T

Baum, B.R. (1978b). Taxonomy of the tribe Triticeae (Poaceae) using various numerical techniques. II. Classification. Can. J. Bot. 56, 27–56. |C

Baum, B.R. (1987). Numerical taxonomic analyses of the Poaceae. In ‘Grass Systematics and Evolution’, pp. 334–342. (Eds T.R. Soderstrom, K.W. Hilu, C.S. Campbell and M.E. Barkworth.) (Smithsonian Inst.: Washington.) |C

Baum, B.R., Estes, J.R. and Gupta, P.K. (1987). Assessment of the genomic system of classification in the Triticeae. Amer. J. Bot. 74, 1388–1395. |C|G

Beauvois, A.M.F.J. Palisot de (1812). Agrostographie, ou Nouveaux Genres de Graminees. Imprimerie de Fain, Paris |I

Beetle, A.A. (1955). The four subfamilies of the Gramineae. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 82, 196–197. |C

Bennett, M.D. and Smith, J.B. (1976). Nuclear DNA amounts in angiosperms. Philosophical Transactions, Royal Society of London, series B, 274, 227–274. |P

Bennett, M.D., Smith, J.B. and Heslop-Harrison, J.S. (1982). Nuclear DNA amounts in Angiosperms. Philosophical Transactions, Royal Society of London, series B, 216, 179–199. |P

Bentham, G. (1882). Schaffnera gracilis Benth. Hook. Ic. Pl. 14, t.1378. (Schaffnerella.) |T

Bentham, G. and Hooker, J.D. (1862). Genera plantarum. Vol. 1. (Reeve: London.) |C

Bentham, G. and Hooker, J.D. (1873). Genera plantarum. Vol. 2. (Reeve: London.) |C

Bentham, G. and Hooker, J.D. (1883). Gramineae. In ‘Genera Plantarum’, Vol. 3. (Reeve: London.) |C|M

Bentham, G. and von Mueller, F. (1878). Flora Australiensis. Vol. VII. (Reeve: London.) |C|M

Bjorkman, S.O. (1960). Studies in Agrostis and related genera. Symb. Bot. Uppsal. 17, 1–112. |T

Black, G.A. (1950). Novas espécies de Paniceae (Gramineae) do Brazil. Boll. Tech. Inst. Agron. Norte 20, 29. (Froesiochloa, Olyreae.) |T

Black, J.M. (1978). Lycopodiaceae-Orchidaceae. In ‘Flora of South Australia’, Part I, 3rd edition. (Govt Printer: South Australia.) |M

Blake, S.T. (1941a). Studies of Queensland grasses. II. Ectrosia, Sporobolus, Tragus, Arundinella, Eriochloa, Thaumastochloa, Sorghum. Papers, Department of Biology, University of Queensland No. 1(18), pp. 1–22. |T

Blake, S.T. (1941b). New genera of Australian grasses. Dimorphochloa, Ancistrachne, Zygochloa. Papers, Department of Biology, University of Queensland No. 1(19), pp. 1–12. |T

Blake, S.T. (1944a). On Streptachne R.Br. and Pheidochloa gen. nov., two genera of grasses from Queensland. Proc. Roy. Soc. Qld 56, 11–22. |T

Blake, S.T. (1944b). Monographic studies in the Australian Andropogoneae, Part 1. Bothriochloa, Capillipedium, Chrysopogon, Iseilema. Papers, Department of Biology, University of Queensland No. 3, pp. 1–62. |T

Blake, S.T. (1946). Two new grasses from New Guinea. Blumea Suppl. 3(56), 56–62. (Ancistragrostis, Buergersiochloa.) |T

Blake, S.T. (1972a). Plinthanthesis and Danthonia and a review of the Australian species of Leptochloa (Gramineae). Contr. Qld. Herb. 14. (Mentions Chionochloa, Sieglingia, Notodanthonia, Monachather and Erythranthera.) |T

Blake, S.T. (1972b). Neurachne and its allies (Gramineae). Contr. Qld Herb. 13, 1–53. |T

Blake, S.T. (1973). Taxonomic and nomenclatural studies in the Gramineae, No. 3. Proc. Roy. Soc. Qld 84(3), 61–70. (Digitaria, Ectrosia, Paspalidium.) |T

Bolkhovskikh, Z. et al. (1969). Chromosome numbers of flowering plants. (U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences: Leningrad.) |G

Bor, N.L. (1940). Gramineae. In ‘Flora of Assam’, Vol. V. (Ed. Kanjilal et al.) (Assam Government: Shillong.) |M

Bor, N.L. (1948). Bhidea Stapf.: A new genus of Indian grasses. Kew Bull. 3, 445–447. |T

Bor, N.L. (1949). Pogonachne Bor.: A new genus of Indian grasses. Kew Bull. 1, 176–178. |T

Bor, N.L. (1951). Timouria Roshev. and Psammochloa Hitchc. Kew Bull. 1951: 186–192. |T

Bor, N.L. (1952). Notes on Asiatic grasses: I. Danthonia in India. Kew Bull. 1951: 75–81. |T

Bor, N.L. (1954). Notes on Asiatic Grasses: XV. Triplopogon Bor, a new genus of Indian grasses. Kew Bull. 1, 51–56. |T

Bor, N.L. (1954 publ. 1955). Notes on Asiatic grasses. XXII. Trikeraia Bor, a new genus of Stipeae. Kew Bull. 1954, 555–557. |T

Bor, N.L. (1957a). Notes on Asiatic Grasses: XXVIII. Kew Bull. 1 412–413. (Eulaliopsis.) |T

Bor, N.L. (1957b). Notes on Asiatic Grasses: XXXII. Kew Bull. 1. (Indopoa.) |T

Bor, N.L. (1960). Grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India and Pakistan. (Pergamon: Oxford.) (Excluding Bambuseae.) |C|M|TE

Bor, N.L. (1968a). Gramineae. In ‘Flora of Iraq’, Vol. 9. (Ministry of Agric.: Baghdad.) |M|I

Bor, N.L. (1968b). Studies in the Flora of Thailand (43). Gramineae: some new taxa. Dansk Bot. Arkiv 23(4), 467–471. (Chumsriella, Ischaemum, Tripogon.) |T

Bor, N.L. (1970). Gramineae. In ‘Flora Iranica’, No. 70. (Ed. K.H. Rechinger.) (Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt: Graz) |M

Borre, A. Van den and Watson. L. (1997). On the Classification of Chloridoideae (Poaceae). Aust. J. Syst. Bot. 10, 491-531. |T

Bosser, J. (1965). Notes sur les Graminées de Madagascar. II. Sur l’identité des genres Boivinella A. Camus et Cyphochlaena Hack. Adansonia n.s., 411–413. |T

Bosser, J. (1969). Graminées des paturages et des cultures a Madagascar. (Orstom: Paris.) |M

Brandenburg, D.M., Blackwell, W.H. and Thieret, J.W. (1991). Revision of the genus Cinna (Poaceae). Sida 14, 581–596. |T

Brown, W.V. (1958). Leaf anatomy in grass systematics. Bot. Gaz. 119, 170–178. |A|C

Brown, W.V. (1960). A cytological difference between the Eu-panicoideae and the Chlorideae (Gramineae). Southw. Nat. 5, 7–11. |A

Brown, W.V. (1975). Variations in anatomy, associations, and origins of Kranz tissue. Am. J. Bot. 62, 395–402.

Brown, W.V. (1977). The Kranz syndrome and its subtypes in grass systematics. Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 23, 1–97, 126–130. |A|C|P

Brown, W.V., Harris, W.F. and Graham, J.D. (1959). Grass morphology and systematics. I. The internode. Southw. Nat. 4. |M

Brown, W.V. and Emery, W.H.P. (1957). Persistent nucleoli in grass systematics. Am. J. Bot. 44, 585–590.

Bruhl, J.J., Watson, L. and Dallwitz, M.J. (1992). Genera of Cyperaceae: interactive identification and information retrieval. Taxon 41, 225–234. |H

Burbidge, N.T. (1941). A revision of the Australian species of Enneapogon Desf. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Session 153, 52–91. |T

Burbidge, N.T. (1953). The genus Triodia R.Br. (Gramineae). Aust. J. Bot. 1, 121–184. |T

Burbidge, N.T. (1960). Further notes on Triodia R.Br. (Gramineae), with descriptions of five new species and one variety. Aust. J. Bot. 8, 381–395. |T

Burbidge, N.T. and Gray, M. (1970). Flora of the Australian Capital Territory. (Australian National University Press: Canberra.) |M|T

But, P.P.–H., Chia, L., Fung, H. and Hu, S.-Y. (1985). Hong Kong bamboos. (Urban Council: Hong Kong.) |M

Butzin, F. (1966). Mezochloa, eine neue Paniceen-Gattung von Madagaskar. Willdenowia 4(2), 209–214. |T

Butzin, F. (1970). Die systematische Gleiderung der Paniceae. Willdenowia 6(1), 179–192. |C|T

Butzin, F. (1971). Der Umfang der Melinideae (Gramineae, Panicoideae) und die neue Gatung Mildbraediochloa. Willdenowia 6(2), 285–289. |T

Butzin, F. (1973). Subfamilial nomenclature of Poaceae. Willdenowia 7, 113–168. |C|M

Butzin, F. (1979a). Synopsis der neuen Gramineengattungen der letzten 25 Jahre. Willdenowia 8, 471–480. |C

Butzin, F. (1979b). Apikale Reduktionen im Infloreszenzberich der Gramineae. Willdenowia 9, 161–167. |M

Cabrera, A.L. et al. (1970). Gramineae. In ‘Flora de la Provincia de Buenos Aires’, Part 2. (Coleccion Cientifica del I.N.T.A.: Buenos Aires.) |M

Calderón, C.E. and Soderstrom, T.R. (1967). Las Gramineas Tropicales afines a Olyra L. Atas do Simp. sôbre a Biota Amazônica 4, 67–76. |T

Calderón, C.E. and Soderstrom, T.R. (1973). Morphological and anatomical considerations of the grass subfamily Bambusoideae, based on the new genus Maclurolyra. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. No. 11. (Smithsonian Inst.: Washington.) |T

Calderón, C.E. and Soderstrom, T.R. (1980). The genera of Bambusoideae (Poaceae) of the American continent: keys and comments.’ Smithsonian Contr. Bot. No. 44. (Smithsonian Inst.: Washington.) |C|M|T

Campbell, S.C. (1985). The subfamilies and tribes of Gramineae (Poaceae) in the Southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arboretum 66, 123–199. |C

Campbell, C.S., Garwood, P.E. and Specht, L.P. (1986). Bambusoid affinities of the north temperate genus Brachyelytrum (Gramineae). Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 113, 135–141. |T

Campbell, C.S. and Kellogg, E.A. (1987). Sister group relationships of the Poaceae. In ‘Grass Systematics and Evolution’, pp. 217–224. (Eds T.R. Soderstrom, K.W. Hilu, C.S. Campbell and M.E. Barkworth.) (Smithsonian Inst.: Washington.) |C

Campbell, S.C., Quinn, J.A., Cheplick, G.P. and Bell, T.J. (1983). Cleistogamy in Grasses. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 14, 411–441. |G|M

Camus, E.G. (1913). Les bambusées. (Lechevalier: Paris.) |M|I

Camus, A. (1919). Arundinaria ciliata. Bull. Mus. Paris 1919, 672. (Vietnamosasa.) |T

Camus, A. (1920). Note sur le genre Pseudosorghum A. Camus. et Note sur le genre Neohusnotia A. Camus. Mus. d’Hist. Nat. de Paris Bull. 26, 662–664. |T

Camus, A. (1923). Le genre Leptosaccharum (Hackel) A. Camus. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 70, 736–738. |T

Camus, A. (1924). Genres nouveaux de Bambusées malgaches. Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. 179, 478–79. (Pseudocoix, Hickelia.) |T

Camus, A. (1925a). Hitchcockella, genre nouveau de Bambusées malgaches. Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. 181, 253–255. |T

Camus, A. (1925b). Boivinella, genre nouveau de Graminées: Lecomtella genre nouveau de Graminées malgaches. Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci.. 181, 174–177, 567–568. |T

Camus, A. (1927a). Yvesia, genre nouveau et espèces nouvelles de Graminées malgaches. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 73, 687–691. (Oriza, Brachiaria.) |T

Camus, A. (1927b). Perulifera, genre nouveau de la tribu des Boivinelleae. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 74, 889–893. |T

Camus, A. (1930). Pseudostreptogyne, genre nouveau de Graminées. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 77, 476–479. |T

Camus, A. (1957). Pterochloris (Graminées), genre nouveau de Madagascar. Bull. du Mus. Nat. d’Hist. Naturelle. 2e série, t.XXIX, no.4, 349–350. |T

Camus, E.G. and Camus, A. (1923). Graminées. In ‘Flore Général de L’Indo-Chine’, Vol. 7. (Eds Lecompte, M.H. and Humbert, H.) (Masson: Paris.) |M|T

Canfield, R.H. (1934). Stem structure of grasses on the Jornada experimental range. Bot. Gaz. 95, 636–648. |A

Carolin, R.C., Jacobs, S.W.L. and Vesk, M. (1973). The structure of the cells of the mesophyll and parenchymatous bundle sheath of the Gramineae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 66, 259–275. |A

Chaianan, Chumsri (1972). A revision of Germainia Balansa & Poitrasson (Gramineae). Thai Forest Bull. (Botany) 6, 29–59. |T

Chao, Chi-son and Chu, Cheng-de (1983). A study on the bamboo genus Indosasa of China. Acta. Phytotax. Sinica 21, 60–75. |T

Chao, Chi-son and Renvoize, S.A. (1989). A revision of the species described under Arundinaria (Gramineae) in Southeast Asia. Kew Bull. 44, 349–367. |T

Chapman, G.P. and Peat, W.E. (1992). An introduction to grasses. CAB International, Oxford. |TE

Chase, A. (1908). Notes on genera of Paniceae. III. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 21, 185–186. (Mniochloa.) |T

Chase, M.W. et al. (1993). Phylogenetics of seed plants: an analysis of nucleotide sequences from the plastid gene rbcL. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80, 528–580. |C

Chevalier, M.A. and Camus, A. (1921). Deux bambous nouveaux de l’Annam. Bull. Mus. Paris 1921, 450–452. (Arundinaria pusilla = Vietnamosasa.) |T

Chia, L., Fung, H. and Yang, Y.L. (1988). Monocladus, genus novum bambusoidearum (Poaceae). Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 26, 211–216. |T

Chippindall, L.K.A. (1955). The grasses and pastures of South Africa. (CNA: Johannesburg.) |M

Chu, Cheng-dee and Chao, Chi-sen (1979). Acidosasa. J. Nanjing Coll. For. Prod. 142. |T

Clayton, W.D. (1965) Introduction to Gramineae. In ‘The Gramineae, a Study of Cereal, Bamboo and Grass’. (Ed. A. Arber.) (Reprint edition.) (Cramer: Weinheim.) |C

Clayton, W.D. et al. (1970–1982). Gramineae, Part 1. In ‘Flora of Tropical East Africa’. (Ed. E. Milne-Redhead and R.M. Polhill.) (Crown Agents: London.) |M

Clayton, W.D. (1966). Studies in Gramineae: X. Andropogoneae, the genus Anadelphia Hack. Kew Bull. 20, 275–285. |T

Clayton, W.D. (1966). Studies in Gramineae: XI. Adropogoneae, the genus Elymandra Hack. Kew Bull. 20, 287–293. |T

Clayton, W.D. (1966). Studies in the Gramineae: XII. Parahyparrhenia, Hyperthelia, Exotheca. Kew Bull. 20, 433–449. |T

Clayton, W.D. (1967–8.) Studies in Gramineae: XIII. Chlorideae: XIV. Arundineae. (Phragmites Adans.): XV. Arundinelleae: XVI. A remarkable new genus from Tanzania. (Farrago). Kew Bull. 21, 99–117, 119–23, 125–127. |T

Clayton, W.D. (1969). A revision of the genus Hyparrhenia. Kew Bull. Add. Series II. (H.M. Stationery Office: London.) |T

Clayton, W.D. (1970). Studies in the Gramineae: XXII. A curious new genus from Tanzania. Kew Bull. 24, 461–463. (Chlorocalymma.) |T

Clayton, W.D. (1971). Studies in the Gramineae: XXVI. Numerical taxonomy of the Arundinelleae. Kew Bull. 26(44), 111–123. |T

Clayton, W.D. (1972a). Gramineae. In ‘Flora of West Tropical Africa’, Vol. 3(2). (Ed. F.N. Hepper.) (Crown Agents: London.) |M

Clayton, W.D. (1972b). Studies in the Gramineae: XXVI. (Leptothrium, Tragus, Eragrostis.) Kew Bull. 27(1), 151–153. |T

Clayton, W.D. (1972c). XXXI. The awned genera of Andropogoneae: XXXIX. Kew Bull. 27(1), 447–449. |M

Clayton, W.D. (1972d). XXXIX Andropogoneae, Centotheceae. Kew Bull. 27(1), 457–471. |T

Clayton, W.D. (1973). Studies in the Gramineae: XXXII. The tribe Zoysieae Miq. XXXIII. The awnless genera of the Andropogoneae. Kew Bull. 28, 37–58. |M|T

Clayton, W.D. (1976). The chorology of African mountain grasses. Kew Bull. 31(2), 274–288. |C

Clayton, W.D. (1977). New species and combinations in African and Indian grasses. Studies in the Gramineae: XLIII. Kew Bull. 32(4), 579–581. (Chaetopoa, Dichanthium, Echinochloa, Loxodera, Pennisetum, Schizachyrium.) |T

Clayton, W.D. (1978a). The genus Rhytachne (Gramineae): The genus Holcolemma (Gramineae). Kew Bull. 32(4), 767–74. |T

Clayton, W.D. (1978b). The genus Phacelurus (Gramineae): The genus Stereochlaena (Gramineae). Kew Bull. 33(2), 175–179, 295–297. (Stereochlaena foliosa = Baptorhachis.) |T

Clayton, W.D. (1979). Notes on Setaria (Gramineae). Kew Bull. 33(3), 501–609. |T

Clayton, W.D. (1981a). Notes on the tribe Andropogoneae (Gramineae). Kew Bull. 35(4), 823–828. |T

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Edited 2017-03-08


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