Pest Fruit Flies of the World – Larvae


L.E. Carroll, A.L. Norrbom, M.J. Dallwitz, and F.C. Thompson

Ceratitis cosyra (Walker)

Trypeta cosyra Walker, Ceratitis giffardi Bezzi, Pardalaspis giffardi var. sarcocephali Bezzi, Pardalaspis parinarii Hering

Mango fruit fly, Marula fruit fly, Marula fly. Body length 5.5–8mm (range estimated, LEC coded as 6.5–7); slender, elongate, tapering anteriorly, or stout, elongate, tapering anteriorly (?). Integument unsclerotized, entirely whitish to yellowish. Caudal ridge present. Mature larvae able to jump (?).

Head. Head of normal shape. Antenna 2-segmented. Stomal organ: primary lobe small, round (?); number of peg sensilla small, peg-like;?; other peg-sensilla-like structures ?. Stomal region: secondary lobes present, short, leaf-like (?); margins of secondary lobes all entire (?); sclerotized stomal guards absent (?). Oral ridges present; number of oral ridges 10–12; margins serrate, or scalloped (short, bluntly rounded teeth; ?). Accessory plates absent (?). Elongate, finger-like lobes arising above mandibles absent (?). Labium broad (?).

Cephalopharyngeal skeleton. Mandibles: subapical teeth present; tooth much smaller than apical tooth, and delicate (?); with a single ventral tooth (?); base ?. Parastomal bars elongate, free from hypopharyngeal sclerite. Dental sclerites present, posterior to mandibles (?).

Spinules and creeping welts. Dorsal spinules on segments T1-T3.

Caudal segment (a8) and anal lobes. Sensilla on caudal segment 10 pairs, with at least 7 pairs visible under dissecting microscope (?).

Anterior spiracles. Anterior spiracle elevated, margin convex to straight, or elevated, margin concave medially, appearing bilobed (?). Anterior spiracular tubules 11–12; in a single uniform row, or in a single irregular row (?).

Posterior spiracles. Posterior spiracular area not distinctly set off from caudal segment. Posterior spiracles: slits 3–3.5x longer than wide. Dorsal spiracular processes with numerous trunks arising from a short or semicircular base. Number of dorsal spiracular processes 12–13 (?). Number of ventral spiracular processes 12–13 (?). Number of lateral spiracular processes 7–9 (?). Area between posterior spiracles smooth.

Host plants. Anacardiaceae, Annonaceae, Apocynaceae, Canellaceae, Chrysobalanaceae, Ebenaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Rosaceae, Rutaceae.

Part of plant attacked: fruit.

Biogeographic region. Afrotropical.

Specimens examined. Based on description by Kandybina (1977).

Sources of data and SEM numbers: (Ceratalaspis)287.

Illustrations. • Cephalopharyngeal skeleton, spiracles.

Cite this publication as: ‘L.E. Carroll, A.L. Norrbom, M.J. Dallwitz, and F.C. Thompson. 2004 onwards. Pest fruit flies of the world – larvae. Version: 8th December 2006.’.