Pest Fruit Flies of the World – Larvae
Carambola fly, Bactrocera sp. "Malaysian A". Body length 7.5–9.5mm; slender, elongate, tapering anteriorly (?). Integument unsclerotized, entirely whitish to yellowish. Caudal ridge present. Mature larvae able to jump.
Head. Head of normal shape; cephalic lobes well developed. Antenna 2-segmented. Stomal organ: primary lobe small, round; other peg-sensilla-like structures absent. Stomal region: secondary lobes present, short, leaf-like (5 preoral lobes); margins of secondary lobes all entire, or one lobe with serrate margins (at most 1 lobe with small serrations); sclerotized stomal guards absent (?). Oral ridges present; number of oral ridges 8–10; margins scalloped (large, deeply serrated, blunt-edged teeth;long, narrow, fringelike). Accessory plates present (small); number of accessory plates 8–11; margins serrated (with strongly serrated edges). Elongate, finger-like lobes arising above mandibles absent (?). Median oral lobe absent or not protruding (?). Labium broad.
Cephalopharyngeal skeleton. Mandibles: subapical teeth absent; base elongate, forming a more oblique angle. Parastomal bars elongate, free from hypopharyngeal sclerite. Dental sclerites present, posterior to mandibles.
Spinules and creeping welts. Dorsal spinules on segments T1-T3.
Caudal segment (a8) and anal lobes. Sensilla on caudal segment 10 pairs, with at least 7 pairs visible under dissecting microscope (?). Ventral caudal sensilla absent or visible only with great difficulty, or obvious, but not on a papilla or tubercle (?). Anal lobes plainly visible, but not strongly protuberant; simple.
Anterior spiracles. Anterior spiracle elevated, margin convex to straight. Anterior spiracular tubules 9–15; in a single uniform row, or in a single irregular row (?).
Posterior spiracles. Posterior spiracular area not distinctly set off from caudal segment. Posterior spiracles: slits 2.5–3x longer than wide (about). Number of dorsal spiracular processes 10–15. Number of ventral spiracular processes 10–15. Number of lateral spiracular processes 4–7. Area between posterior spiracles smooth.
Host plants. Anacardiaceae, Arecaceae, Clusiaceae, Combretaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Meliaceae, Moraceae, Musaceae, Myrtaceae, Olacaceae, Oxalidaceae, Rhamnaceae, Rhizophoraceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae, Sapotaceae, Solanaceae, Symplocaceae.
Part of plant attacked: fruit.
Biogeographic region. Neotropical, Oriental.
Specimens examined. Based on description by White and Elson-Harris (1992, as B. (B.) sp. near B. dorsalis A; Malaysia: ex Averrhoa carambola).
Sources of data and SEM numbers: (=sp. near dorsalis, A) 194SEM.
Illustrations. • Cephalopharyngeal skeleton (lateral).
Cite this publication as: ‘L.E. Carroll, A.L. Norrbom, M.J. Dallwitz, and F.C. Thompson. 2004 onwards. Pest fruit flies of the world – larvae. Version: 8th December 2006. http://delta-intkey.com’.