Pest Fruit Flies of the World
Body. Body predominantly black or dark fuscous.
Head. Number of frontal bristles two pairs. Number of orbital bristles one pair. Anterior orbital bristle of male normal, unmodified. Posterior orbital bristles reclinate; acuminate. Ocellar bristles absent or minute, like setulae. With both inner and outer vertical bristles. Outer vertical, postvertical and postocellar bristles all acuminate. Postocular bristles acuminate. Genal bristle present. Head higher than long. Male and female head width the same. Face vertical; with dark spots in antennal furrows (very large, black). Parafacial spot absent. Antenna considerably longer than face. Scape, pedicel, and first flagellomere scape and pedicel short, first flagellomere elongate. First flagellomere rounded apically. Arista longer than first flagellomere; bare or with hairs distinctly shorter than greatest aristal width. Proboscis short, capitate.
Thorax. Inner scapular bristle present and distinguishable from surrounding vestiture; dark. Outer scapular bristle present and distinguishable from surrounding vestiture; dark. Postpronotal bristle absent. Presutural dorsocentral bristle absent. Presutural supra-alar bristle absent. Postsutural supra-alar bristle present. Acrostichal bristle absent. Postsutural dorsocentral bristle absent. Intra-alar bristle present, well developed, similar to postalar bristle. Intrapostalar bristles absent. Number of scutellar bristles two pairs. Apical scutellar bristles 50%-90% as long as basals. Anterior notopleural bristle present. Posterior notopleural bristle(s) acuminate. Number of outstanding anepisternal bristles one. Katepisternal bristles absent. Anepisternal bristles dark, brown to black. Long, erect setulae on laterotergite absent. Scutellum densely setulose. Setulae on scutellum short, decumbent; unicolorous, acuminate. Transverse suture with the lateral branches wide apart. Complete sclerotized postcoxal metathoracic bridge present. Scutum black; without a large dark central stripe which broadens basally. Postpronotal lobe entirely pale whitish or yellowish; concolorous with lateral postsutural stripe. Posterior half of notopleuron pale whitish or yellowish. Scutum dorsad of notopleuron of the ground color, not whitish or yellowish. Dark lyre-like pattern on scutum absent. Discrete shiny black spots on scutum absent. Median longitudinal black stripe on scutum absent. Number of pale whitish to yellow postsutural stripes two (lateral). Lateral postsutural stripes of scutum ending anterior to intra-alar bristles. Scutum without blackish dorsocentral stripe. Area bordering scutoscutellar suture medially without dark brown spot, brown. Discrete pale horizontal stripe along upper anepisternum absent or indistinct. Distinct pale vertical anepisternal stripe extending halfway between posterior half of notopleuron and anterior notopleural bristle, or extending to anterior notopleural bristle. Katepisternite with pale yellowish or whitish spot present and distinct. Transverse suture without distinct stripe or spot. Katatergite with pale yellowish or whitish spot present and distinct. Anatergite with pale yellowish or whitish spot present and distinct. Mediotergite uniformly black. Dorsum of scutellum flat or slightly convex, not swollen. Scutellum normal; with a dark and pale pattern; with no isolated dark spots; with a black mark extending to apex, leaving only lateral areas pale; without mark.
Legs. Femora slender. Fore femur without ventral spines. Mid femur and hind femur without spine-like bristles. Middle leg of male without feathering. Femora at least one femur markedly darker in apical part than in basal part; dark mark on fore femur 20–30–40% of length of femur; dark mark on middle femur 20–30–40% of length of femur; dark mark on hind femur 20–30–40% of length of femur.
Wings. Cell bc microtrichia present in apical area only. Cell c microtrichia present in apical area. Dense microtrichia at end of vein A1+CuA2 in male absent. Dominant wing pattern costal-banded. Wing pattern mostly yellowish, or mostly brownish. Dark longitudinal streaks through basal cells absent. Costal band complete from wing base to beyond R4+5. Apex of costal band not distinctly expanded. Costal band reaching R4+5; all one color. Crossvein r-m covered by short, well-defined infuscation (spur). Crossvein dm-cu hyaline. Crossveins r-m and dm-cu not both covered by a single crossband. Cell r2+3 apical to r-m with large hyaline area, or entirely infuscated. Anal band present, reaching nearly to wing margin along cell cup extension. Cell r1 and r2+3 without darker spots within the pattern. Intercalary band absent. Subbasal crossband absent. Marginal hyaline area in cell r1 absent or indistinct. Ratio of width of apical band in cell r4+5 to length of r-m 0.33–0.67. Anterior apical band or costal band not extended to vein M. Posterior apical crossband absent. Costal and discal bands joined on vein R4+5. Discal band transverse, or oblique in anterobasal-posteroapical direction, or absent. Outstanding costal spine(s) at subcostal break absent. Vein R1 dorsal setation without bare section opposite end of vein Sc. Vein Rs dorsal setation non-setulose. Vein R2+3 generally straight. Anteriorly-directed accessory vein emerging from R2+3 absent. Vein R4+5 dorsal setation dense over at least proximal section; ventral setation present. Distance between crossvein r-m and costa longer than r-m. R-m crossvein on cell dm at or near middle of cell dm. Cell bm broad, parallel-sided. Vein M distally curved anterad. Cell dm widens apically gradually from base. Posterodistal corner of cell dm distinctly acute. Cell cup extension or lobe present, vein CuA2 abruptly bent; longer than vein A1+CuA2; with parallel margins.
Abdomen. Abdomen ovate or parallel sided. Abdominal tergites separate. Abdomen in lateral view arched, dome-like, rather rigid. Abdominal tergite 1 broader at apex than at base; without a prominent hump laterally. Pecten of dark bristles on tergite 3 of male absent. Tergal glands on tergite 5 present. Abdominal tergite 5 normal. 6th tergite of female normally concealed; shorter than 5th. Abdominal sternite 5 of male less than 2x wider than long, not longer than wide. Posterior margin of sternite 5 of male with shallow posterior concavity. Abdominal tergites 3–5 predominantly black. Abdominal tergites with medial dark stripe, usually on T3-T5 (T2-T5); not brown with medial T-shaped yellow mark; with broadly contiguous dark areas on lateral margins of T3-T5; without dark brown transverse bands.
Male terminalia. Posterior lobe of surstylus short or absent.
Female terminalia. Syntergosternite 7 straight. Dorsobasal scales of eversible membrane about as large as other scales (?). Aculeus tip fused to main part of aculeus, not movable. Two sclerotized spermathecae. Spermathecae tight-set coils.
Miscellaneous. Male attractant: none known.
Australasian-Oceanian. New Britain.
Illustrations. • Habitus male (dorsal), wing.
Cite this publication as: ‘L.E. Carroll, I.M. White, A. Freidberg, A.L. Norrbom, M.J. Dallwitz, and F.C. Thompson. 2002 onwards. Pest fruit flies of the world. Version: 8th December 2006. http://delta-intkey.com’.