Beetle Larvae of the World


J. F. Lawrence, A. M. Hastings, M. J. Dallwitz, T. A. Paine and E. J. Zurcher


The following institutions have provided larval material used to develop this database: Australian National Insect Collection, CSIRO Division of Entomology, Canberra; Bishop Museum, Honolulu; California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco; California Insect Survey, University of California, Berkeley; California State Department of Agriculture, Sacramento; Canadian National Collections of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Ottawa; Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago; Michigan State University, East Lansing; Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge; Museum of Victoria, Melbourne; Natural History Museum, London; National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D. C.; New Zealand Arthropod Collection, Landcare Research, Auckland; and Queensland Museum, Brisbane.

The following individuals have assisted us in various ways with portions of the project (provision of specimens or illustrations, general assistance in the field and laboratory, scanning electron micrography, photography and graphics; advice): A. Allen, W. Allen, E. Alyta, D. M. Anderson, F. G. Andrews, L. Ballantyne, C. Beaton, J. R. Bell, R. T. Bell, R. Beutel, R. Brett, E. B. Britton, E. Brooks, A. A. Calder, P. B. Carne, S. A. Casari-Chen, P. Chandoha, A. Coleman, K. W. Cooper, C. Costa, R. A. Crowson, E. C. Dahms, J. Donaldson, J. T. Doyen, W. Dressler, H. S. Dybas, E. Elliot, T. L. Erwin, R. L. Fischer, H. Geier, J. Green, P. M. Hammond, M. Hansen, N. Hayashi, E. Hines, T. F. Hlavac, K. Houston, A. T. Howden, H. F. Howden, C. Hunt, M. A. Ivie, M. L. Johnson, P. J. Johnson, D. H. Kavanaugh, J. Kingsolver, A. G. Kirejtshuk, C. Kitayama, T. Kompantseva, T. Kuklenski, J. KukalovŠ-Peck, G. Kuschel, L. LeSage, R. Lawrence, H. B. Leech, P. Lounibos, R. P. McMillan, B. M. Mamaev, J. E. Marshall, E. G. Matthews, R. S. Miller, S. E. Miller, G. B. Monteith, B. P. Moore, A. Neboiss, A. F. Newton, Jr., C. W. O'Brien, J. Pakaluk, T. K. Pal, G. Parsons, S. B. Peck, K. Pickerd, J. Pyke, J. D. Pinto, F. Plaumann, D. A. Pollock, J. Powell, C. A. M. Reid, G. A. Samuelson, E. Schlinger, C. H. Scholtz, J. Scott, H. Sasaji, E. Seling, T. Sen Gupta, D. Simberloff, S. A. Slipinski, S. Smith, P. J. Spangler, T. Spilman, W. Steiner, K. Stephan, F. W. Stehr, J. S. Stribling, P. Svacha, M. K. Thayer, T. A. Weir, F. Werner, G. Ulrich, N. J. Vandenberg, S. A. Vanin, D. K. Young, J. C. Watt and E. C. Zimmerman.

The following artists provided the majority of the illustrations used in the database: A. Atkins, A. Hastings, S. P. Kim and S. Poulakis. Thanks are also given to L. Watson for constant feedback concerning the use of Intkey.

Many of the illustrations used as a basis for character and taxon images have previously appeared in the following books, whose publishers are here acknowledged: Stehr, F. W. (ed.), Immature Insects. Volume 2. (Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque, Iowa), CSIRO (ed.), The Insects of Australia. Second Edition (Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Victoria); and Costa, C., Vanin, S. A. and Casari-Chen, S. A., Larvas de Coleoptera do Brasil (Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de S„o Paulo, Brazil).

The early stages of this project were supported by a National Science Foundation Research Grant (BMS 7502606).