CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval

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H. G. Richter, K. Gembruch, G. Koch

Aquilaria spp., Gyrinops spp. (Adlerholz, eaglewood) - CITES II

Nomenclature. Family: THYMELAEACEAE. Further trade and local names: Trâm huong, dó bâu (VN); aloewood, agarwood (GB, US); bois d'aigle, bois d'aloès (FR); karas, kayu garu (MY); gaharu mengkaras (MY-SWK); akyau (MM); tanduk, udúr (IN); kaju alim, kaju gaharu (ID); Chan krasna (KH); tengala (BN). Code according to DIN EN 13556: none. Internal code: AQU.

CITES(EU) status of protection. Listed in Annex II(B).

Geographic distribution. Temperate Asia, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Indomalesia.

Growth rings, colour, grain, etc. Growth ring boundaries indistinct or absent. Heartwood basically yellow, white or grey; without streaks. Sapwood similar to heartwood colour. Wood light weight and soft. Interlocked grain absent.

Hardwood vs softwood. Vessels (pores) present (= hardwood).

Vessels (pores). Wood diffuse-porous. Vessels (pores) arranged in no specific pattern; in multiples; commonly in short (2–3 vessels) radial rows, or in radial rows of 4 or more. Vessels small, or medium; very few, or few. Tyloses absent. Other deposits in heartwood vessels (pores) absent.

Axial parenchyma. Axial parenchyma not visible.

Rays. Rays narrow. Large rays commonly less than 1 mm high.

Storied structure. Storied structure absent.

Resin canals. Normal resin canals absent.

Included phloem. Included phloem present; diffuse.

Physical and chemical tests. Heartwood not fluorescent. Water extract colourless to brown.

Additional information. • aqu.jpg. grade 1.


The interactive key allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within groups of taxa, and geographical distribution.

Cite this publication as: ‘Richter, H.G., Gembruch, K., and Koch, G. 2014 onwards. CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, and Spanish. Version: 16th May 2014. delta-intkey.com’.

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