CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval


H. G. Richter, K. Gembruch, G. Koch

Taxus spp. (Eibe, yew) - CITES II

Nomenclature. Family: TAXACEAE. Other trade relevant species: protected species:. Code according to DIN EN 13556: none. Internal code: TAX.

CITES(EU) status of protection. Listed in Annex II(B). Similar woods: all other species of the genera Taxus and Torreya .

Geographic distribution. Temperate Asia and India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka. Taxus chinensis: China, Vietnam; T. cuspidata: Kurilen, Sakhalin, Japan, N-China, Korea; T. fuana: Afghanistan, China, Insia, Nepal, Pakistan; T. sumatrana: Indonesia, Philippines; T. wallichiana: China, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Laos Myanmar, Vietnam.

Growth rings, colour, grain, etc. Growth ring boundaries distinct; transition from earlywood to latewood abrupt, or gradual (depends on growth conditions). Heartwood basically brown (light brown (white coffee) to dark brown); without streaks. Sapwood distinct from heartwood colour. Odour indistinct or absent. Wood of medium weight to heavy and hard (0.60–0.80 g/cm³). Interlocked grain absent.

Hardwood vs softwood. Vessels (pores) absent (= softwood).

Rays. Rays narrow. Large rays commonly less than 1 mm high.

Resin canals. Normal resin canals absent.

Physical and chemical tests. Heartwood not fluorescent. Water extract not fluorescent; colourless to brown. Ethanol extract not fluorescent; colourless to brown. Froth test negative. Splinter burns to charcoal.

Additional information. • tax.jpg. Wood surface, natural size.

The interactive key allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within groups of taxa, and geographical distribution.

Cite this publication as: ‘Richter, H.G., Gembruch, K., and Koch, G. 2014 onwards. CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, and Spanish. Version: 16th May 2014.’.