CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval


H. G. Richter, K. Gembruch, G. Koch

Neolamarckia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser (Kadam)

Nomenclature. Family: RUBIACEAE. Synonym(s): Anthocephalus cadamba, A. chinensis, A. indicus. Further trade and local names: jabon, kelampai, sugi manai (ID); laran (MY-Sab); selimpoh, sempayan (MY-Swk); kaatoan bangkal (PH); gao (VN); mau-lettan-she (MM). Code according to DIN EN 13556: none. Internal code: KAD.

CITES(EU) status of protection. Not protected.

Geographic distribution. India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Indomalesia (cultivated worldwide in tropical regions).

Growth rings, colour, grain, etc. Growth ring boundaries indistinct or absent. Heartwood basically yellow, white or grey; without streaks. Sapwood similar to heartwood colour. Wood light weight and soft to of medium weight (0,35–0,55 g/cm³). Interlocked grain present (only weakly developed).

Hardwood vs softwood. Vessels (pores) present (= hardwood).

Vessels (pores). Wood diffuse-porous. Vessels (pores) arranged in no specific pattern; in multiples; commonly in short (2–3 vessels) radial rows. Vessels medium to large (120–150(-220) µm); few (4–11). Tyloses present (but usually not visible with a lens), or absent (in case sapwood is mistaken for heartwood). Other deposits in heartwood vessels (pores) present (light yellow), or absent (in case sapwood is mistaken for heartwood).

Axial parenchyma. Axial parenchyma present; not banded. Other macroscopically visible types of axial parenchyma: diffuse-in-aggregates.

Rays. Rays narrow. Large rays commonly less than 1 mm high.

Resin canals. Normal resin canals absent.

Physical and chemical tests. Heartwood not fluorescent (the weakly bluish colour observed is a reflection of the ultraviolet light, not fluorescence). Water extract not fluorescent; colourless to brown. Heartwood extractives not leachable by water. Ethanol extract not fluorescent; colourless to brown. Froth test negative. Splinter burns to partial ash; colour of ash dark white to grey.

Additional information. • kad.jpg. Neolamarckia cadamba (Kadam). Transverse section ca. 10x. Wood surface, natural size.

The interactive key allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within groups of taxa, and geographical distribution.

Cite this publication as: ‘Richter, H.G., Gembruch, K., and Koch, G. 2014 onwards. CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, and Spanish. Version: 16th May 2014.’.