CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval
Nomenclature. Family: MORACEAE. Synonym(s): Brosimum paraensis Huber, B. lanciferum Ducke. Further trade and local names: muirapiranga, amapá amargoso, a. rana, pau rainha, falso pau brasil
(BR) satinwood (GY); satiné rouge, s. rubane, siton paya (GF); satijnhout ,
doekaliballi (SR); bloodwood, satinwood (GB); ferolia, legno satino (IT); palo
de oro (ES). Code according to DIN EN 13556: BSRB. Internal code: SAT.
CITES(EU) status of protection. Not protected.
Geographic distribution. Tropical South America. Guyanas + Amazonas.
Growth rings, colour, grain, etc. Growth ring boundaries indistinct or absent. Heartwood basically brown, red, purple (color of red wine); with streaks. Sapwood distinct from heartwood colour. Wood heavy and hard (0.75–1.05 g/cm3). Interlocked grain present.
Hardwood vs softwood. Vessels (pores) present (= hardwood).
Vessels (pores). Wood diffuse-porous. Vessels (pores) in multiples; commonly in short (2–3 vessels) radial rows. Vessels medium to large; very few to few (from 3 to 6). Tyloses present, or absent (in case sapwood is mistaken for heartwood). Other deposits in heartwood vessels (pores) present (dark reddish brown), or absent (in case sapwood is mistaken for heartwood).
Axial parenchyma. Axial parenchyma present; not banded. Other macroscopically visible types of axial parenchyma: aliform. Aliform parenchyma winged. The aliform axial parenchyma is hardly visible in the heartwood due to lack of color contrast; however, it is distinct in sapwood.
Rays. Rays narrow. Large rays commonly less than 1 mm high.
Storied structure. Storied structure absent.
Physical and chemical tests. Heartwood fluorescent (dark blue). Water extract fluorescent (intensively light blue); colourless to brown (nearly colorless). Heartwood extractives not leachable by water. Ethanol extract fluorescent (blue); colourless to brown, or red, or purple (color of red wine). Froth test positive (weak). Splinter burns to full ash; colour of ash white to grey.
Additional information. • sat.jpg. Brosimum rubescens (Satiné). Transverse section ca. 10x. Radial surface, natural size.
The interactive key allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within groups of taxa, and geographical distribution.
Cite this publication as: ‘Richter, H.G., Gembruch, K., and Koch, G. 2014 onwards. CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, and Spanish. Version: 16th May 2014. delta-intkey.com’.