CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval


H. G. Richter, K. Gembruch, G. Koch

Platymiscium spp. (Granadillo) - (CITES II p.p.)

Nomenclature. Family: FABACEAE-FABOIDEAE. Other trade relevant species: Platymiscium lasiocarpum Sandwith, P. pleiostachyum Donn. Sm. (CITES II), P. yucatanum Standley. Further trade and local names: Platymiscium pleiostachyum: cristobal, ñambar (CR); P. yucatanum: chulul, sbinché (MX). Code according to DIN EN 13556: PZXX. Internal code: GRA.

CITES(EU) status of protection. Listed in Annex II(B) (Platymiscium pleiostachyum), or not protected (P. lasiocarpum, P. yucatanum).

Geographic distribution. Mexico and Central America. Platymiscium pleiostachyum: Pacific rim of Central America, from Costa Rica to SW-Mexico; Platymiscium lasiocarpum: Pacific rim of SW-Mexico; Platymiscium yucatanum: Yucatan pensinsula (Belize, Mexico).

Growth rings, colour, grain, etc. Growth ring boundaries distinct, or indistinct or absent (demarcated by fine marginal parenchyma bands visible only with a lens). Heartwood basically brown and purple (dark copper brown, often with a violet hue); with streaks, or without streaks. Sapwood distinct from heartwood colour. Odour indistinct or absent. Wood heavy and hard (0.85–1.10 g/cm3). Interlocked grain present, or absent.

Hardwood vs softwood. Vessels (pores) present (= hardwood).

Vessels (pores). Wood diffuse-porous. Vessels (pores) arranged in no specific pattern; in multiples; commonly in short (2–3 vessels) radial rows. Vessels medium to large (80–150–240 µm); very few (2–4–6). Tyloses absent. Other deposits in heartwood vessels (pores) present, or absent (in case sapwood is mistaken for heartwood).

Axial parenchyma. Axial parenchyma present; banded. Parenchyma bands exclusively marginal (or seemingly marginal); narrow. Other macroscopically visible types of axial parenchyma: aliform and confluent (the latter rare). Aliform parenchyma of the lozenge type.

Rays. Rays narrow. Large rays commonly less than 1 mm high.

Storied structure. Storied structure present, or absent (some specimens with, some without storied structure). Tiers regular (horizontal or slightly inclined), or irregular; 4–5 per axial millimetre.

Physical and chemical tests. Heartwood not fluorescent. Water extract fluorescent (P. lasiocarpum: weakly pink to purple; P. yucatanum: bright light blue); colourless to brown. Heartwood extractives not leachable by water. Ethanol extract fluorescent (blue); colourless to brown, or purple (light reddish to purplish brown). Froth test negative. Splinter burns to full ash, or to partial ash; colour of ash bright white. Physical-chemical tests were conducted only with wood of Platymiscium lasiocarpum and P. yucatanum; sufficient heartwood of P. pleiostachyum was not available.

Additional information. Platymiscium pleiostachyum listed in CITES Appendix II as of 11th June 1992. • gra.jpg. Platymiscium lasiocarpum (Granadillo).

The interactive key allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within groups of taxa, and geographical distribution.

Cite this publication as: ‘Richter, H.G., Gembruch, K., and Koch, G. 2014 onwards. CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, and Spanish. Version: 16th May 2014.’.