CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval


H. G. Richter, K. Gembruch, G. Koch

Dalbergia stevensonii Standl. (Honduras rosewood) - CITES II

Nomenclature. Family: FABACEAE-FABOIDEAE. Other trade relevant species: Another species, Dalbergia brownei (Brown's Indian rosewood) also grows in the region whose wood is said to be similar to that of D. stevensonii. However, its small dimensions do not render it suitable for wood utilization. Further trade and local names: nogaed, hagaedwood (US); Honduras Palisander (DE); Palissandre du Honduras (FR); Palisandro de Honduras (ES); grenadillo rojo (GT); rosul (BZ). Code according to DIN EN 13556: DLST. Internal code: HPA.

CITES(EU) status of protection. Listed in Annex II(B). Similar woods: Dalbergia spruceana; D. latifolia; D. cearensis; Platymiscium spp.

Geographic distribution. Mexico and Central America. Belize, Guatemala, México.

Growth rings, colour, grain, etc. Growth ring boundaries indistinct or absent. Heartwood basically brown, purple (light pinkish brown to dark purple brown); with streaks. Sapwood distinct from heartwood colour. Odour distinct (only the purple variant has a weak, sweetish odor). Wood heavy and hard (0.9–1.2 g/cm3). Interlocked grain present, or absent.

Hardwood vs softwood. Vessels (pores) present (= hardwood).

Vessels (pores). Wood diffuse-porous. Vessels (pores) arranged in no specific pattern; in multiples; commonly in short (2–3 vessels) radial rows and in radial rows of 4 or more. Vessels small to large (extremely variable, from 65 to 360 µm); very few to few (2–4–10). Tyloses absent. Other deposits in heartwood vessels (pores) present, or absent (in case sapwood is mistaken for heartwood).

Axial parenchyma. Axial parenchyma present; banded. Parenchyma bands exclusively marginal (or seemingly marginal) (possibly); narrow. Other macroscopically visible types of axial parenchyma: diffuse-in-aggregates (many shorter irregular bandlets).

Rays. Rays narrow. Large rays commonly less than 1 mm high.

Storied structure. Storied structure present. Tiers regular (horizontal or slightly inclined); 5–6 per axial millimetre.

Physical and chemical tests. Heartwood not fluorescent. Water extract fluorescent (pale blue green); colourless to brown (almost colorless). Heartwood extractives not leachable by water. Ethanol extract fluorescent (pinkish yellow); colourless to brown, or purple. The above observations relate to the purplish variant. The pink brown quality shows similar reactions though much weaker, the color of the ethanol extract is light orange brown. Froth test weakly positive. Splinter burns to full ash; colour of ash white to grey, or bright white.

Additional information. • hpa.jpg. Dalbergia stevensonii (Honduras rosewood). • hpa-ama.jpg. The wood of the two Dalbergia species are virtually indistinguishable by colour, weight and macro structure; only the paratracheal axial parenchyma is more pronounced in D. spruceana. • hpa-son.jpg. The timbers of Dalbergia stevensonii and D. latifolia are similar in external appearance. Macroscopically, however, the two timbers show a distinct axial parenchyma pattern which is predominantly aliform and confluent in D. latifolia. • hpa-kin.jpg. Dalbergia cearensis (Kingwood). • hpa-gra.jpg. Platymiscium spp. (Granadillo).

The interactive key allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within groups of taxa, and geographical distribution.

Cite this publication as: ‘Richter, H.G., Gembruch, K., and Koch, G. 2014 onwards. CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, and Spanish. Version: 16th May 2014.’.