CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval


H. G. Richter, K. Gembruch, G. Koch

Dalbergia spruceana Benth. (Amazonas Palisander, Amazonas rosewood)

Nomenclature. Family: FABACEAE-FABOIDEAE. Further trade and local names: jacarandá do Pará, jacarandá do Amazonas, saboarana (BR); tinta-tinta (BO); palissandre du Amazon (FR). Code according to DIN EN 13556: none. Internal code: AMA.

CITES(EU) status of protection. Not protected.

Geographic distribution. Tropical South America. Amazon basin (Brazil, Perú), south to Bolivia.

Growth rings, colour, grain, etc. Growth ring boundaries indistinct or absent. Heartwood basically brown, red, purple; with streaks (dark brown to black). Sapwood distinct from heartwood colour. Odour indistinct or absent. Wood heavy and hard (0,85–1,1 g/cm3). Interlocked grain present.

Hardwood vs softwood. Vessels (pores) present (= hardwood).

Vessels (pores). Wood diffuse-porous. Vessels (pores) arranged in no specific pattern; in multiples; commonly in short (2–3 vessels) radial rows (rarely 4 or more). Vessels large (115–215–390 µm); very few, or few (1–9–20). Tyloses absent. Other deposits in heartwood vessels (pores) present (amber and dark brown), or absent (in case sapwood is mistaken for heartwood).

Axial parenchyma. Axial parenchyma present; banded. Parenchyma bands exclusively marginal (or seemingly marginal); narrow. Other macroscopically visible types of axial parenchyma: diffuse-in-aggregates, aliform (short irregular bandlets), vasicentric, aliform (occasionally also unilateral, i.e., forming semicircular hoods or caps only on one side of the vessel). Aliform parenchyma winged.

Rays. Rays narrow. Large rays commonly less than 1 mm high.

Storied structure. Storied structure present. Tiers regular (horizontal or slightly inclined); 4–5 per axial millimetre. Rays, axial parenchyma, vessels (pores) and fibres storied.

Physical and chemical tests. Heartwood not fluorescent. Water extract fluorescent (blue); colourless to brown, or yellow (light amber). Heartwood extractives not leachable by water. Ethanol extract fluorescent (hues of blue); colourless to brown, or yellow (dark amber). Froth test negative. Splinter burns to charcoal.

Additional information. Informationsdienst Holz Merkblatt Nr.53. • ama.jpg. Dalbergia spruceana (Amazonas Palisander, Amazonas rosewood). Transverse section ca. 10x. Wood surface, natural size.

The interactive key allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within groups of taxa, and geographical distribution.

Cite this publication as: ‘Richter, H.G., Gembruch, K., and Koch, G. 2014 onwards. CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, and Spanish. Version: 16th May 2014.’.