CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval


H. G. Richter, K. Gembruch, G. Koch

Dalbergia latifolia Roxb. (Indian rosewood, Sonokeling)

Nomenclature. Family: FABACEAE-FABOIDEAE. Synonym(s): Amerimnon latifolium, Dalbergia javanica. Further trade and local names: Ostindisch Palisander, Java Palisander (DE); shima, shisham (IN); black rosewood, blackwood, Indian blackwood, Malabar rosewood (GB, trade). Code according to DIN EN 13556: DLLT. Internal code: SON.

CITES(EU) status of protection. Not protected.

Geographic distribution. India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Indomalesia.

Growth rings, colour, grain, etc. Growth ring boundaries distinct, or indistinct or absent. Heartwood basically brown and purple (darkening to deep purple brown); with streaks (dark brown to black). Sapwood distinct from heartwood colour. Odour distinct (rather unpleasant, similar to that of a sweating horse). Wood of medium weight to heavy and hard (0,77–0,88–0,93 g/cm3). Interlocked grain absent.

Hardwood vs softwood. Vessels (pores) present (= hardwood).

Vessels (pores). Wood diffuse-porous. Vessels (pores) in multiples; commonly in short (2–3 vessels) radial rows. Vessels medium (80–125–175 µm); few (4–8). Tyloses absent. Other deposits in heartwood vessels (pores) present (purple brown), or absent (in case sapwood is mistaken for heartwood).

Axial parenchyma. Axial parenchyma present; banded and not banded. Parenchyma bands exclusively marginal (or seemingly marginal) and not (only) marginal; narrow; much wider than rays. Other macroscopically visible types of axial parenchyma: vasicentric, aliform, and confluent. Aliform parenchyma of the lozenge type and winged.

Rays. Rays narrow. Large rays commonly less than 1 mm high.

Storied structure. Storied structure present. Tiers regular (horizontal or slightly inclined); 4–5 per axial millimetre. Rays, axial parenchyma, vessels (pores) and fibres storied.

Physical and chemical tests. Heartwood not fluorescent. Water extract fluorescent (weakly yellowish); colourless to brown. Heartwood extractives not leachable by water. Ethanol extract fluorescent (yellowish brown); red to purple. Froth test positive. Splinter burns to partial ash; colour of ash white to grey.

Additional information. Informationsdienst Holz Merkblatt Nr. 53. • son.jpg. Dalbergia latifolia (Indian rosewood, Sonokeling). Transverse section ca. 10x. Radial surface, natural size.

The interactive key allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within groups of taxa, and geographical distribution.

Cite this publication as: ‘Richter, H.G., Gembruch, K., and Koch, G. 2014 onwards. CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, and Spanish. Version: 16th May 2014.’.