CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval

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H. G. Richter, K. Gembruch, G. Koch

Endospermum spp. (Sesendok)

Nomenclature. Family: EUPHORBIACEAE. Other trade relevant species: E. diadenum, E. moluccanum, E. peltatum. Synonym(s): E. malaccense, E. macrophylla, E. medullosum, E. moluccanum, E. peltatum. Further trade and local names: sendok-sendok (MY,ID); gubas (PH); PG basswood, endospermum (PG); terbulan (MY-Swk); bakota (IN); kauvula (FJ). Code according to DIN EN 13556: EDXX. Internal code: SES.

CITES(EU) status of protection. Not protected.

Geographic distribution. India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka to Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia to Indomalesia.

Growth rings, colour, grain, etc. Growth ring boundaries indistinct or absent. Heartwood basically yellow, white or grey; without streaks. Sapwood similar to heartwood colour. Wood light weight and soft, or of medium weight (0,35–0,45(-0,55) g/cm3).

Hardwood vs softwood. Vessels (pores) present (= hardwood).

Vessels (pores). Wood diffuse-porous. Vessels (pores) arranged in no specific pattern; in multiples; commonly in short (2–3 vessels) radial rows. Vessels large (160–220–280 µm); very few (1–3). Tyloses present, or absent (in case sapwood is mistaken for heartwood). Other deposits in heartwood vessels (pores) absent.

Axial parenchyma. Axial parenchyma present; banded. Parenchyma bands not (only) marginal; narrow. Other macroscopically visible types of axial parenchyma: diffuse-in-aggregates.

Rays. Rays narrow. Large rays commonly less than 1 mm high.

Physical and chemical tests. Heartwood not fluorescent. Water extract not fluorescent; colourless to brown. Ethanol extract not fluorescent; colourless to brown. Froth test weak positive. Splinter burns to partial ash; colour of ash dark white to grey.

Additional information. • ses.jpg. Endospermum spp. (Sesendok). Transverse section ca. 10x. Wood surface, natural size.


The interactive key allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within groups of taxa, and geographical distribution.

Cite this publication as: ‘Richter, H.G., Gembruch, K., and Koch, G. 2014 onwards. CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, and Spanish. Version: 16th May 2014. delta-intkey.com’.

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