CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval

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H. G. Richter, K. Gembruch, G. Koch

Diospyros spp. Madagascar (Ébène de Madagascar) - CITES II

Nomenclature. Family: EBENACEAE. Other trade relevant species: protected: all species growing in Madagascar:. Further trade and local names: Madagascar ebony (GB); Madagaskar Ebenholz (DE);. Code according to DIN EN 13556: DSXX. Internal code: EBM.

CITES(EU) status of protection. Listed in Annex II(B). Similar woods: all true ebony timbers worldwide.

Geographic distribution. Madagascar & other islands.

Growth rings, colour, grain, etc. Growth ring boundaries indistinct or absent. Heartwood basically brown, black; with streaks, or without streaks. Sapwood distinct from heartwood colour. Odour indistinct or absent. Wood heavy and hard (0.80–1.00 g/cm3). Interlocked grain present.

Hardwood vs softwood. Vessels (pores) present (= hardwood).

Vessels (pores). Wood diffuse-porous. Vessels (pores) arranged in no specific pattern, or a radial pattern; in multiples; commonly in short (2–3 vessels) radial rows, or in radial rows of 4 or more. Vessels small, or medium, or large; few, or moderately numerous, or numerous, or very numerous. Pore diameter and number per mm² vary extremely from species to species. Tyloses absent. Other deposits in heartwood vessels (pores) present, or absent (in case sapwood is mistaken for heartwood).

Axial parenchyma. Axial parenchyma present; banded. Parenchyma bands not (only) marginal; narrow; forming a reticulate pattern with rays. Other macroscopically visible types of axial parenchyma: diffuse-in-aggregates.

Rays. Rays narrow. Large rays commonly less than 1 mm high.

Storied structure. Storied structure present (Diospyros sakalavarum), or absent (other species). Tiers regular (horizontal or slightly inclined) (Diospyros sakalavarum); 3 per axial millimetre (Diospyros sakalavarum).

Physical and chemical tests. Heartwood not fluorescent. Heartwood extractives leaching out when in contact with water (for example: Diospyros aculeata), or not leachable by water (for example: Diospyros lanceolata).

Additional information. • ebm.jpg. Diospyros spp. (Madagascar ebony). Transverse section ca. 10x. Radial surface, natural size.


The interactive key allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within groups of taxa, and geographical distribution.

Cite this publication as: ‘Richter, H.G., Gembruch, K., and Koch, G. 2014 onwards. CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, and Spanish. Version: 16th May 2014. delta-intkey.com’.

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