CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval

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H. G. Richter, K. Gembruch, G. Koch

Character list

Nomenclature etc.

#1. Family:/

#2. Other trade relevant species:/

#3. Synonym(s):/

#4. Further trade and local names:/

#5. Code according to DIN EN 13556:/

#6. Internal <database> code:/

#7. <Status of protection under CITES(EU) regulations: whether listed in annex I(A), II(B) or III(C)>/

1. listed in <CITES> Annex I(A)/

2. listed in <CITES> Annex II(B)/

3. listed in <CITES> Annex III(C)/

4. not protected/

#8. Similar woods: <danger of wrongly identified timbers>/

Geographic distribution

#9. <Geographic distribution:>/

1. Europe <excl. Mediterranean>/

2. Mediterranean incl. N. Africa and Middle East/

3. temperate Asia <China, Japan, former USSR>/

4. India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka/

5. Burma/

6. Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia <Indochina>/

7. Indomalesia <Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Papua New Guinea, and Solomon Islands>/

8. Pacific Islands <incl. New Caledonia, Samoa, Hawaii, and Fiji>/

9. Australia/

10. New Zealand/

11. tropical Africa/

12. Madagascar & other islands <Mauritius, Reunion & Comores>/

13. southern Africa <south of the Tropic of Capricorn>/

14. North America <north of Mexico>/

15. Mexico and Central America/

16. Caribbean/

17. tropical South America/

18. southern Brazil/

19. temperate South America <incl. Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, and south Paraguay>/

#10. <Geographic distribution, specific countries or regions:>/

Growth rings, colour, grain, etc.

#11. Growth ring boundaries <presence>/

1. distinct/

2. indistinct or absent/

#12. Transition from earlywood to latewood <within a growth ring, softwoods only>/

1. abrupt/

2. gradual/

#13. <Growth rings, additional observations or comments, e.g. structural changes, latewood colour, etc.:>/

#14. Heartwood <colour> basically/

1. brown <or shades of brown>/

2. red <or shades of red>/

3. yellow <or shades of yellow>/

4. white or grey/

5. black/

6. purple/

7. green/

#15. Heartwood <presence of streaks>/

1. with streaks/

2. without streaks /

#16. Sapwood <colour compared to heartwood>/

1. similar to heartwood colour/

2. distinct from heartwood colour/

#17. <Surface texture and wood colour: additional observations or comments>/

#18. Odour <presence>/

1. distinct/

2. indistinct or absent /

#19. Wood <weight>/

1. light weight and soft/

2. of medium weight/

3. heavy and hard/

#20. Surface <whether oily>/

1. oily/

2. not oily /

#21. Interlocked grain <presence, hardwoods only>/

1. present/

2. absent <= straight grain>/

#22. <Grain characteristics, additional observations or comments:>/

Hardwood vs. softwood

#23. Vessels (pores) <presence = hardwood or softwood>/

1. present (= hardwood)/

2. absent (= softwood)/

Vessels (pores)

#24. Wood <porosity, ring vs diffuse>/

1. ring-porous/

2. semi-ring-porous/

3. diffuse-porous/

#25. Earlywood pore ring <uniseriate vs multiseriate>/

1. uniseriate/

2. multiseriate/

#26. Vessels (pores) arranged in <pattern, in ringporous woods only latewood>/

1. no specific pattern /

2. tangential bands/

3. a radial pattern/

4. a diagonal pattern/

5. a dendritic pattern/

#27. Vessels (pores) <solitary vs grouped>/

1. exclusively solitary <more than 90%>/

2. in multiples <mixed solitary and multiples or exclusively multiples>/

#28. Vessels (pores) <arrangement of multiples> commonly/

1. in short (2–3 vessels) radial rows/

2. in radial rows of 4 or more/

3. in clusters/

#29. <Qualitative vessel (pore) features, additional observations or comments:>/

#30. Vessels <average size (tang. diameter),classes>/

1. small <not visible to the naked eye = less than 80 µm>/

2. medium <just visible to the naked eye = 80–130 µm>/

3. large <commonly visible to the naked eye = more than 130 µm>/

#31. Vessels <number of vessels per mm² - frequency classes>/

1. very few <less than 5 per mm²>/

2. few <5–20 per mm²>/

3. moderately numerous <20–40 per mm²>/

4. numerous <40–100 per mm²>/

5. very numerous <more than 100 per mm²>/

#32. <Quantitative vessel (pore) data, additional observations or comments:>/

#33. Tyloses <presence, in heartwood vessels (pores)>/

1. present/

2. absent/

#34. Other deposits in heartwood vessels (pores)/

1. present/

2. absent/

#35. <Tyloses and other deposits in heartwood vessels: additional observations or comments, eg. type, colour etc.>/

Axial parenchyma

#36. Axial parenchyma <presence>/

1. present <visible to the naked eye or with a magnifying lens>/

2. not visible/

#37. Axial parenchyma <whether banded>/

1. <typically> banded/

2. not banded/

#38. Parenchyma bands <whether marginal>/

1. exclusively marginal (or seemingly marginal)/

2. not (only) marginal/

#39. Parenchyma bands <width>/

1. narrow/

2. wide/

#40. Parenchyma bands <pattern with rays>/

1. forming a reticulate pattern with rays <of same width>/

2. forming a scalariform pattern <with wider rays>/

3. much wider than rays/

#41. <Banded axial parenchyma, additional observations or comments:>/

#42. Other macroscopically visible types of axial parenchyma: <except bands>/

1. diffuse-in-aggregates <zonate>/

2. vasicentric <paratracheal>/

3. aliform <paratracheal>/

4. confluent/

5. none/

#43. Aliform parenchyma <type>/

1. of the lozenge type/

2. winged/

#44. <Axial parenchyma, additional observations or comments:>/

Rays

#45. Rays <ray width as observed in transverse section>/

1. narrow/

2. wide (also in combination with narrow rays)/

#46. Rays <presence of two distinct sizes>/

1. of two distinct sizes/

2. of uniform size /

#47. Large rays <height as observed in tangential plane>/

1. commonly less than 1 mm high/

2. commonly between 1 mm and 5 mm high/

3. commonly over 5 mm and up to several cm high/

#48. <Rays, additional observations or comments:>/

Storied structure

#49. Storied structure <presence>/

1. present/

2. absent /

#50. Tiers <arrangement of storied elements>/

1. regular (horizontal or slightly inclined)/

2. irregular/

#51. Tiers <number of tiers (rays) per axial millimetre>/

per axial millimetre/

#52. <Storied structure, additional observations or comments:>/

Resin canals

#53. Normal resin canals <presence>/

1. present/

2. absent /

#54. Normal resin canals <arrangement>/

1. in long tangential lines/

2. in short tangential lines/

3. diffuse/

#55. Normal resin canals <size>/

1. large/

2. small/

#56. <Normal resin canals, additional observations or comments:>/

Included phloem

#57. Included phloem <presence>/

1. present/

2. absent /

#58. Included phloem <arrangement>/

1. concentric/

2. diffuse/

#59. <Included phloem, additional observations or comments:>/

Physical and chemical tests

#60. Heartwood <fluorescence>/

1. fluorescent/

2. not fluorescent/

#61. Water extract <fluorescence>/

1. fluorescent/

2. not fluorescent/

#62. Water extract <colour, basically>/

1. colourless to brown <or shades of brown>/

2. red <or shades of red>/

3. yellow <or shades of yellow>/

4. purple/

5. green/

#63. Heartwood extractives <whether leachable by water>/

1. leaching out when in contact with water/

2. not leachable by water /

#64. Ethanol extract <fluorescence>/

1. fluorescent/

2. not fluorescent/

#65. Ethanol extract <colour, basically>/

1. colourless to brown <or shades of brown>/

2. red <or shades of red>/

3. yellow <or shades of yellow>/

4. purple/

5. green/

#66. <Colour and fluorescence of extracts, additional observations or comments:>/

#67. Froth test <whether positive>/

1. positive/

2. negative /

#68. Splinter burns <"burning splinter test">/

1. to full ash/

2. to partial ash/

3. to charcoal/

#69. Colour of ash <"burning splinter test">/

1. white to grey/

2. bright white/

3. yellow-brown/

4. <other than white, grey, yellow or brown; specify>/

#70. <Physical and chemical tests, additional observations or comments:>/

Additional information

#71. <Timber specific standards and information brochures:>/

#72. <File names:>/

#73. <Illustrations:>/


The interactive key allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within groups of taxa, and geographical distribution.

Cite this publication as: ‘Richter, H.G., Gembruch, K., and Koch, G. 2014 onwards. CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, and Spanish. Version: 16th May 2014. delta-intkey.com’.

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