CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification and information retrieval


H. G. Richter, K. Gembruch, G. Koch

Araucaria araucana (Mol.) K. Koch (Pehuén, pino araucano) - CITES I

Nomenclature. Family: ARAUCARIACEAE. Other trade relevant species: Araucaria angustifolia. Synonym(s): Araucaria imbricata Pav. Further trade and local names: Piñón, Araucaria de Neuquén (AR); araucaria (CL); Chile pine (GB); pin du Chili (FR); Chiletanne (DE); monkey puzzle tree (GB, US). Code according to DIN EN 13556: ARAR. Internal code: ARA.

CITES(EU) status of protection. Listed in Annex I(A). Similar woods: Araucaria angustifolia, Agathis spp..

Geographic distribution. Temperate South America. Argentina and Chile, southern andean region.

Growth rings, colour, grain, etc. Growth ring boundaries distinct (growth ring boundaries best observed on freshly cut cross sections, demarcated by a very narrow band of slightly darker latewood); transition from earlywood to latewood gradual. Heartwood basically brown; occasionally with streaks. Sapwood similar to heartwood colour. Wood of medium weight (± 0.50 g/cm3). Interlocked grain absent.

Hardwood vs softwood. Vessels (pores) absent (= softwood).

Rays. Rays narrow. Large rays commonly less than 1 mm high.

Physical and chemical tests. Heartwood not fluorescent. Water extract not fluorescent; colourless to brown. Ethanol extract not fluorescent; colourless to brown. Splinter burns to full ash; colour of ash white to grey.

Additional information. • ara.jpg. Radial surface, natural size. • ara-ang.jpg. The wood of Araucaria araucana cannot be separated macroscopically from that of other Araucaria species. • ara-aga.jpg. The wood of Araucaria araucana cannot be separated macroscopically from that of Agathis species.

The interactive key allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within groups of taxa, and geographical distribution.

Cite this publication as: ‘Richter, H.G., Gembruch, K., and Koch, G. 2014 onwards. CITESwoodID: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, and Spanish. Version: 16th May 2014.’.