British Insects: Plume Moths (Pterophoridae and Alucitidae)

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L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz

Character List

#1. <Synonyms:>/

Adults

#2. Face <ornamentation>/

1. tufted/

2. with a horny prominence/

3. smooth <neither tufted nor with a horny prominence>/

#3. Labial palps <carriage>/

1. porrected/

2. sub-ascending/

3. ascending/

#4. Collar <colour>/

#5. Thorax <colour>/

#6. Tibiae <whether simple or thickened with scales at the bases of the spurs>/

1. simple/

2. thickened with scales at the origins of the spurs/

#7. Wing-span <centre thorax to wing apex, X 2>/

mm/

#8. Forewings <entire or cleft>/

1. entire/

2. conspicously cleft/

#9. Forewings <when cleft, number of segments>/

1. 2-segmented/

2. 6-segmented/

#10. Forewings cleft <depth of cleft>/

1. from before the middle/

2. from about the middle/

3. from beyond the middle/

#11. The <forewing> lower <second> lobe <shape>/

1. tapering distally or more or less parallel-sided/

2. expanded towards the apex/

#12. Forewings <whether conspicuously patterned>/

1. conspicuously patterned <with contrasting bars or fasciae>/

2. relatively plain <or merely dotted>/

#13. Forewings <colour and patterning>/

#14. Forewings <predominant colour, including the fringes>/

1. white/

2. yellowish whitish/

3. whitish ochreous/

4. ochreous/

5. greyish ochreous/

6. yellowish brown <brownish ochreous>/

7. light brown/

8. brown/

9. ferrugineous <reddish brown>/

10. reddish-fuscous/

11. whitish-fuscous/

12. grey/

13. pale fuscous/

14. dark fuscous/

#15. <Decription of the forewing fringes>/

#16. Forewings <presence of blackish dot 1/3 from the base>/

1. with a blackish dot 1/3 from the base/

2. without a blackish dot 1/3 from the base/

#17. Forewings <with or without marginal markings>/

1. with 2–3 small dark dots on the posterior margins of the lobes near their apices/

2. without posterior marginal dark dots/

#18. Forewings <presence of a blackish costal dot near the apex>/

1. with a blackish costal dot towards the apex/

2. without a blackish costal dot towards the apex/

#19. The base of the <forewing> fissure <immediately> preceded <marking>/

1. by a whitish spot/

2. by a white fascia/

3. by an inwards-angulated whitish-ochreous fascia/

4. by a single dark spot or mark/

5. by two dark dots/

6. by a transverse dark mark/

7. by an oblique dark (sometimes interrupted) fascia/

8. by a blackish, subcrescentic, posteriorly white-edged mark/

9. not associated with noticeable marking/

#20. Forewing venation <truncation of cell apex>/

1. exhibiting the cell apically truncated/

2. exhibiting the cell produced into points/

#21. Forewing vein <3, presence>/

1. 3 present/

2. 3 absent/

#22. Forewing vein <8, presence>/

1. 8 present/

2. 8 absent/

#23. Forewing vein <9, presence>/

1. 9 present/

2. 9 absent/

#24. Forewing vein <10, presence>/

1. 10 present/

2. 10 absent/

#25. Forewing vein <10, origin if present>/

1. 10 separate/

2. 10 out of 7/

3. 10 out of 8/

#26. Forewing venation summary:/

#27. Hindwings <entire or cleft>/

1. entire/

2. conspicuously cleft/

#28. Hindwings <when cleft, number of segments>/

1. 3-segmented/

2. 6-segmented/

#29. Hindwings <colour>/

#30. Hindwings <whether markedly different in colour from the forewings>/

1. similarly coloured to the forewings/

2. differently coloured from the forewings/

#31. Hindwings <predominant colour, including the fringes>/

1. white/

2. whitish/

3. ochreous/

4. pale grey/

5. pale fuscous/

6. dark grey/

7. dark fuscous/

8. reddish fuscous/

9. blackish/

#32. <Decription of the hindwing fringes>/

#33. Hindwings <presence of black scale-teeth in the posterior segment>/

1. with a large black scale-tooth in the dorsal cilia of the posterior segment/

2. with two large subapical black scale-teeth conspicuous in the dorsal cilia of the posterior segment, these separated by a white one, and with white scales along the dorsum of the lobe/

3. without large black scale-teeth in the the posterior segment/

#34. The large scale-tooth in the posterior hindwing segment <location>/

1. located in the middle of the dorsum/

2. located much beyond the middle of the dorsum/

#35. Hindwings <venation details>/

#36. The second <hindwing> lobe <number of veins>/

1. 1-veined/

2. 2-veined veins/

3. 3-veined/

#37. Hindwing vein 3 <presence>/

1. present/

2. absent/

Life history and botanical associations

#38. Adults abroad <months when living adults may be found>/

1. January/

2. February/

3. March/

4. April/

5. May/

6. June/

7. July/

8. August/

9. September/

10. October/

11. November/

12. December/

#39. Adults <whether hibernating>/

1. (those of the second brood) hibernating/

2. not hibernating/

#40. Associated with <shrubs or herbs>/

1. shrubs/

2. herbs/

3. vines/

#41. Associated with <major plant assemblage>/

1. Crassinucelli/

2. Tenuinucelli/

#42. Associated with <host plant Orders>/

1. Asterales/

2. Caryophyllales/

3. Dipsacales/

4. Ericales/

5. Fabales/

6. Gentianales/

7. Geraniales/

8. Lamiales/

9. Primulales/

10. Ranunculales/

11. Rosales/

12. Solanales/

13. Saxifragales/

Larvae and pupae

#43. The larvae found <months>/

1. January/

2. February/

3. March/

4. April/

5. May/

6. June/

7. July/

8. August/

9. September/

10. October/

11. November/

12. December/

#44. <The larvae, whether hibernating>/

1. hibernating/

2. not hibernating/

#45. On <plant families>/

1. Caprifoliaceae/

2. Compositae/

3. Convolvulaceae/

4. Droseraceae/

5. Ericaceae/

6. Gentianaceae/

7. Geraniaceae/

8. Labiatae/

9. Leguminosae/

10. Plumbaginaceae/

11. Polygonaceae/

12. Primulaceae/

13. Ranunculaceae/

14. Rosaceae/

15. Saxifragaceae/

16. Solanaceae/

#46. <Host plant genera>/

1. Lonicera/

2. Achillea/

3. Antennaria/

4. Arctium/

5. Artemisia/

6. Aster/

7. Carlina/

8. Crepis/

9. Eupatorium/

10. Inula/

11. Knautia/

12. Leucanthemum/

13. Mycelis/

14. Petasites/

15. Pilosella/

16. Pulicaria/

17. Senecio/

18. Solidago/

19. Tanacetum/

20. Tussilago/

21. Calystegia/

22. Convolvulus/

23. Drosera/

24. Polygonum/

25. Erica, Calluna, Vaccinium/

26. Blackstonia/

27. Gentiana/

28. Centaurium/

29. Erodium/

30. Marrubium/

31. Origanum/

32. Stachys/

33. Teucrium/

34. Thymus/

35. Ononis/

36. Limonium/

37. Primula/

38. Aquilegia/

39. Rosa/

40. Saxifraga/

41. Solanum/

#47. Feeding <exposed or concealed>/

1. exposed/

2. concealed/

#48. Feeding <locations, when exposed>/

1. on flowers/

2. on leaves/

3. on young shoots/

4. on fruits/

#49. <Locations of larvae, when concealed>/

1. in stems/

2. in fruits/

3. in leaves/

#50. <Notes on pupae>/

Distribution and habitats

#51. <Geographical restriction in Britain>/

1. found only in southern England <e.g., mainland-european immigrants>/

2. widespread <not restricted to southern England>/

#52. <Broad geographical range in the British Isles>/

1. England/

2. Wales/

3. Scotland/

4. Ireland/

#53. <Distribution and habitats>/

#54. British species:/

Subfamily

#55. Subfamily/

1. Agdistinae/

2. Platyptilinae/

3. Pterophorinae/

General comments

#56. <General comments:>/

Miscellaneous

#57. Abbreviated taxon name:/

Illustrations

#58. <Illustrations>/


To view the illustrations with detailed captions, go to the interactive key. This also offers full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting or lacking specified attributes, and distributions of character states within any set of taxa.

Cite this publication as: ‘Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2003 onwards. British insects: the Plume moths (Pterophoridae and Alucitidae). Version: 1st January 2012. http://delta-intkey.com’.

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