British Insects: the Plume moths
Adults. Face smooth. Labial palps ascending (the second segment with scales beneath tending to form a short angular apical tuft, the apical segment filiform). Tibiae thickened with scales at the origins of the spurs. Wing-span 13–14 mm. Forewings conspicously cleft; 2-segmented (the segments linear); cleft from before the middle. The lower lobe tapering distally or more or less parallel-sided. Forewings conspicuously patterned; light brown, sometimes tinged yellowish or reddish, with a black subcostal basal dot and sometimes with a whitish spot before the fissure; two slender white bars on the segments; the cilia with patches of black scales, the costal and dorsal with white bars. The costal and dorsal cilia with white bars. The base of the fissure preceded by a whitish spot, or by a blackish, subcrescentic, posteriorly white-edged mark. Forewing venation exhibiting the cell apically truncated. Forewing vein 3 absent; 8 present; 9 absent. Forewing vein 10 present, or 10 absent. Forewing vein if present, 10 out of 8. Forewing venation summary: 2 out of 4 or absent, 10 out of 8 or absent, 11 from near 8. Hindwings conspicuously cleft; 3-segmented (the segments linear); dark fuscous. Hindwings differently coloured from the forewings. Hindwings without large black scale-teeth in the the posterior segment. The second lobe 2-veined veins. Hindwing vein 3 absent.
Life history and botanical associations. Adults abroad June and August. Associated with herbs; Crassinucelli; Caryophyllales.
Larvae and pupae. The larvae found July, or September to December, or January to May; hibernating (according to Meyrick); on Droseraceae; Drosera (D. rotundifolia). Feeding exposed; on leaves (resting well camouflaged on the petioles).
Distribution and habitats. England and Ireland. Widespread in England (Devon, Dorset, Hampshire, Sussex, Surrey, the Fenlands, to Cheshire and Yorkshire), in boggy places where sundew grows. British species: B. paludum.
Subfamily. Subfamily Platyptilinae.
Illustrations. • Buckleria paludum, with Adaina, Alucita, Merrifieldia, Platyptilia, Pselnophorus and Pterophorus: Leech, 1886. • Amblyptilia, Agdistis, Capperia, Buckleria, Cnaemidophorus, Oxyptilus, Platyptilia: Beirne, 1952. • Buckleria paludum: Barrett, 1907.
To view the illustrations with detailed captions, go to the interactive key. This also offers full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting or lacking specified attributes, and distributions of character states within any set of taxa.
Cite this publication as: ‘Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2003 onwards. British insects: the Plume moths (Pterophoridae and Alucitidae). Version: 1st January 2012. http://delta-intkey.com’.