Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Noctuidae

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L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz

Zanclognatha Lederer

Formerly Polypogon.

Adults. Head loosely scaled. Head with a frontal tuft. Eyes glabrous; not ciliated. Antennae of males ciliate (thickened below the middle). Labial palps long; ascending.

Wingspan 29–33 mm. Thorax and abdomen concolorous with the forewings, or the abdomen more like the hindwings. Forewings light brown; patterned transversely; the patterning well marked (with three narrow, darker transverse lines: the first and second clear dark fuscous to faint, the first curved, the second sinuate-curved; the subterminal darker, straighter, reaching the costa sub-apically); reniform defined to undefined; orbicular undefined; claviform undefined. Hindwings pale fuscous; fairly conspicuously patterned; without a clear discal mark; transversely lined (with a bent, dark fuscous and posteriorly pale-edged subterminal line fading away towards the apex, other lines lacking or very obscure); exhibiting vein 5. Vein 5 of the hindwings strong; arising nearer to vein 4 than to vein 6; parallel with vein 4. Thorax not crested. The males conspicuously fan-footed, via a long, expansible hair-pencil on each anterior tibia. Posterior tibiae with spines; with appressed scales. Abdomen not crested.

Living adults found July.

Larvae, pupae. Larvae posteriorly rounded; feeding on foliage of Rubus, Salix, Polygonum, etc.; pupating on vegetative parts of the foodplant, or on the surface of the ground.

British representation. 3 species; South-east England, Central-southern England, South-west England, English Midlands, Northern England, Southern Scotland, Wales, and Ireland; Z. lunalis (Jubilee Fan-foot), Z. tarsipennalis (The Fan-foot), Z. zelleralis (Dusky Fan-foot).


Comments. This description applies in detail only to Z. tarsipennalis.

Illustrations. • Z. tarsipennalis, with other Herminiinae, Hypeninae and Rivulinae: Leech, 1886. • British Hypeninae (1: Fan-foot Moths).

To view the illustrations with detailed captions, go to the interactive key. This also offers full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting or lacking specified attributes, and distributions of character states within any set of taxa.

Cite this publication as: ‘Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2003 onwards. Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Noctuidae. Version: 8th June 2016.’.