Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Noctuidae

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L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz

Tholera Hübner

Charaeas Stephens, Epineuronia Rebel, Neuronia Hübner.

Adults. Head rough. Eyes hairy; not ciliated. Antennae of males bipectinate (to the apex). Tongue poorly developed, or well developed.

Wingspan 34–46 mm. Thorax coloured like the forewings, the abdomen like the hindwings. Forewings fuscous with light markings, or dark brown; brown, or fuscous; patterned transversely (T. cespitis), or complexly patterned (T. decimalis); the patterning well marked; reniform defined (light or light-edged); orbicular defined (light or light-edged); claviform defined, or undefined. Hindwings white to whitish, or fuscous; terminally darkened; without a clear discal mark; without transverse lines; exhibiting vein 5. Vein 5 of the hindwings weak; arising nearer to vein 6 than to vein 4. Thorax crested (front and back). Posterior tibiae without spines (?). Abdomen more or less crested.

Living adults found August and September.

Larvae, pupae. Larvae posteriorly rounded; feeding on grasses - Poa annua, Nardus, etc.; pupating in the soil.

British representation. 2 species; South-east England, Central-southern England, South-west England, English Midlands, Northern England, Southern Scotland, Northern Scotland, Wales, and Ireland; cespitis (Hedge Rustic), decimalis (Feathered Gothic).


Illustrations. • T. cespitis (Hedge Rustic), T. decimalis (Feathered Gothic), and 4 related genera. • Noctuinae and Hadeninae: Kirby.

To view the illustrations with detailed captions, go to the interactive key. This also offers full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting or lacking specified attributes, and distributions of character states within any set of taxa.

Cite this publication as: ‘Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2003 onwards. Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Noctuidae. Version: 8th June 2016.’.