Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Noctuidae

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L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz

Melanchra Hübner

Adults. Head rough. Eyes hairy; not ciliated. Antennae of males ciliate.

Wingspan 40–50 mm. The thorax coloured like the forewings, the abdomen dark-crested but otherwise like the hindwings. Forewings very dark brown or fuscous and blackish, often variegated with chestnut; complexly patterned; the patterning obscure (apart from the spectacular reniform); reniform defined (clear white, outlined in black); orbicular defined to undefined; claviform defined (detectably outlined dark), or undefined. Hindwings whitish-fuscous and fuscous; terminally darkened; with a clear discal mark; without transverse lines; exhibiting vein 5. Vein 5 of the hindwings weak; arising nearer to vein 6 than to vein 4. Thorax crested (front and back). Posterior tibiae without spines (?). Abdomen crested.

Living adults found June and July.

Larvae, pupae. Larvae posteriorly humped; feeding on foliage of diverse herbs, e.g., anemones and lupins, also Sambucus; pupating in the soil.

British representation. 1 species; South-east England, Central-southern England, South-west England, English Midlands, Northern England, Southern Scotland, Northern Scotland, Wales, and Ireland (local); persicariae (The Dot).


Illustrations. • Hadeninae: M. persicariae (The Dot), and 8 related genera: Newman. • Noctuinae (1–10) and Hadeninae: Kirby 35.

To view the illustrations with detailed captions, go to the interactive key. This also offers full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting or lacking specified attributes, and distributions of character states within any set of taxa.

Cite this publication as: ‘Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2003 onwards. Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Noctuidae. Version: 8th June 2016.’.