Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Noctuidae
Graptolitha Hübner, Rhizolitha Curtis.
Adults. Head rough. Eyes glabrous; ciliated. Antennae of males ciliate.
Wingspan 34–52 mm. Thorax and abdomen coloured like the forewings, or the abdomen like the hindwings. Forewings grey, light to dark brown or umber, or ochreous; neither purplish nor rosy marked or tinged; longitudinally streaked, or complexly patterned; the patterning well marked, or obscure; reniform defined; orbicular defined; claviform defined, or undefined. Hindwings white, or whitish; without a clear discal mark; without transverse lines; exhibiting vein 5. Vein 5 of the hindwings weak; arising nearer to vein 6 than to vein 4. Thorax crested (prominently anteriorly). Posterior tibiae without spines. Abdomen crested.
Living adults found August to September, or September to December, or January to April (most hibernating).
Larvae, pupae. Larvae posteriorly rounded; feeding on foliage of diverse deciduous trees and shrubs, notably Quercus, Tilia, Betula, Prunus, Fraxinus; pupating on the surface of the ground, or in the soil.
British representation. 6 species; South-east England, Central-southern England, South-west England, English Midlands, Northern England, Southern Scotland, Northern Scotland, Wales, and Ireland; furcifera (The Conformist), hepatica (Pale Pinion), lamda (The Nonconformist), leautieri (Blairs Shoulder-knot), ornitopus (Grey Shoulder-knot), semibrunnea (Tawny Pinion).
Illustrations. • 5 British Lithophane species, with Calophasia and Meganephria. • Lithophane semibrunnea (Tawny Pinion): Stephens II, 1830. • Cuculliinae: Kirby 37.
To view the illustrations with detailed captions, go to the interactive key. This also offers full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting or lacking specified attributes, and distributions of character states within any set of taxa.
Cite this publication as: ‘Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2003 onwards. Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Noctuidae. Version: 8th June 2016. delta-intkey.com’.