Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Noctuidae

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L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz

Conistra Hübner

Dasycampa Guenée, Glaea, Gloia Hübner, Orrhodia Hübner.

Adults. Head rough (-haired). Eyes glabrous; ciliated. Antennae of males ciliate.

Wingspan 28–42 mm. Head and thorax coloured like the forewings, the abdomen usually lighter or like the hindwings. Forewings red-, chestnut- or dark purplish-brown, ferruginous, or ochreous, less often umber; complexly patterned; the patterning well marked to obscure; reniform defined; orbicular defined; claviform defined, or undefined. Hindwings whitish-fuscous, or fuscous, or grey; plain, or terminally darkened; with a clear discal mark, or without a clear discal mark (mostly); transversely lined, or without transverse lines; exhibiting vein 5. Vein 5 of the hindwings weak; arising nearer to vein 6 than to vein 4. Thorax crested (only slightly, anteriorly). Posterior tibiae without spines. Abdomen not crested.

Living adults found October to December, or January to March (i.e., all the species hibernating).

Larvae, pupae. Larvae conspicuously hairy (C. rubiginea, with tufts of hairs), or not conspicuously hairy; posteriorly rounded; feeding on various, unrelated Dicot herbs and woody plants; pupating on the surface of the ground, or in the soil.

British representation. 4 species; South-east England, Central-southern England, South-west England, English Midlands, Northern England, Southern Scotland, Northern Scotland, Wales, and Ireland; erythrocephala (Red-headed Chestnut), ligula (Dark Chestnut), rubiginea (Dotted Chestnut), vaccinii (Chestnut).


Illustrations. • 4 British Chestnut species, with related genera: Newman. • Cuculliinae: Conistra ligula ab. subnigra (Dark Chestnut: B. Ent. 268). • Conistra ligula ab. subnigra: B. Ent. 268, legend+text. • Conistra ligula ab. subnigra: B. Ent. 268, text cont.. • C. vaccinii, C. erythrocephala and C. rubiginea, with other Cuculliinae: Kirby. • Larvae and pupae of C. rubiginea, Jodia crocago, Agrochola lychnidis: Duponchel and Guénée (1849). • Larvae of C. vaccinii: Duponchel and Guénée (1849).

To view the illustrations with detailed captions, go to the interactive key. This also offers full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting or lacking specified attributes, and distributions of character states within any set of taxa.

Cite this publication as: ‘Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2003 onwards. Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Noctuidae. Version: 8th June 2016.’.