Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Noctuidae

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L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz

Apamea Ochsenheimer

Abromias Billberg, Crymodes Guenée, Eremobina McDunnough, Hama Stephens, Pabulatrix Sugi, Septis Hübner, Syma Stephens, Xylophasia Stephens.

Adults. Head rough. Eyes glabrous; not ciliated. Antennae of males ciliate. Tongue well developed.

Wingspan (30–)32–54 mm. Forewings various shades of brown or grey-brown; light brown, or brown, or reddish brown, or pale fuscous, or fuscous; neither green nor greenish tinged; neither purplish nor rosy marked or tinged; complexly patterned; the patterning well marked; reniform defined; orbicular defined; claviform defined, or undefined. Hindwings whitish-fuscous, or fuscous; plain, or terminally darkened; with a clear discal mark, or without a clear discal mark; without transverse lines; exhibiting vein 5. Vein 5 of the hindwings weak; arising nearer to vein 6 than to vein 4. Thorax crested (front and rear). Middle tibiae without spines. Posterior tibiae without spines. Abdomen crested.

Living adults found June and July, or July and August.

Larvae, pupae. Larvae posteriorly rounded; feeding on on various Dicot herbs and grasses, often in stems or roots; pupating on the surface of the ground, or in the soil (usually near the surface).

British representation. 17 species (one adventive). Status in Britain indigenous, or breeding immigrants, or vagrant, or adventive. South-east England, Central-southern England, South-west England, English Midlands, Northern England, Southern Scotland, Northern Scotland, Wales, and Ireland (local); A. anceps (Large Nutmeg), A. zeta marmorata (The Exile), A. zeta assimilis (Northern Arches), A. epomidion (Clouded Brindle), A. crenata (Clouded-bordered Brindle), A. furva britannica (The Confused), A. lateritia (Scarce Brindle, sporadic immigrant and perhaps transient resident), A. lithoxylaea (Light Arches), A. monoglypha (Dark Arches), A. oblonga (Crescent Striped), A. ophiogramma (The Double Lobed), A. pabulatricula (Union Rustic, = Eremobina), A. remissa (Dusky Brocade), A. scolopacina (Slender Brindle), A. sordens (Rustic Shoulder-knot), A. sublustris (Reddish Light Arches), A. unaniminis (Small Clouded Brindle).


Illustrations. • The 15 British Apamea species: Newman. • Apamea monoglypha (Dark Arches) and A. crenata (Clouded-bordered Brindle: light and melanic (photos). • A. epomidion (Clouded Brindle), A. lithoxylaea (Light Arches), A. sublustris (Reddish Light Arches), A. scolopacina (Slender Brindle), A. sordens (Rustic Shoulder-knot) (photos). • Apamea remissa (Dusky Brocade) and A. ophiogramma (The Double-lobed), photos). • Apamea zeta marmorata (The Exile) and A. zeta assimilis (The Northern Arches): Newman. Apamea zeta marmorata (The Exile), and Apamea zeta assimilis (The Northern Arches). • Amphipyrinae (Photedes, Stilbia, Apamea, Spodoptera): Kirby. • 6 species, with other Cuculliinae, Amphipyrinae and Noctuinae: Kirby. • Apamea oblonga (Crescent Striped)?: Stephens II, 1830.

To view the illustrations with detailed captions, go to the interactive key. This also offers full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting or lacking specified attributes, and distributions of character states within any set of taxa.

Cite this publication as: ‘Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2003 onwards. Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Noctuidae. Version: 8th June 2016.’.