Insects of Britain and Ireland

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L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz

Updated legends for the plates of Volumes 2–13 of Stainton’s Natural History of the Tineina (1855–1873)

Volume 2 (1855)Volume 3 (1858)Volume 4 (1859)Volume 5 (1860)Volume 6 (1861)Volume 7 (1862)Volume 8 (1864)Volume 9 (1865)Volume 10 (1867)Volume 11 (1870)Volume 12 (1870)Volume 13 (1873)

The only copy of Natural History of the Tineina to which we have had access is the one made available by the Biodiversity Library, which lacks Volume 1; hence the incompleteness of the present offering. The legends have been updated with reference principally to the 1972 edition of the Kloet and Hincks Check List and Bradley’s 2000 edition, but more recently with resort to Internet sources. It is obviously impracticable in the present context to keep abreast of nomenclatural recombinations, generation of which continues apace, but the interactive Fauna Europaea check list is especially useful in this connection. Identities of the insects depicted have been checked so far as practicable against the Meyrick (1927) and Jacobs (1945) decriptions and keys, and we hope that this attempt to associate Stainton’s fine plates with names in recent use may at least encourage modern applications of them.

Volume 2 (1855)

Plate 1. PHYLLONORYCTER. 1, P. viminetorum: imago (1m), larva (1a), and mined leaf of Salix viminalis (1b). 2, P. salicolella: imago (2m), larva (2a), and mined leaf of Salix caprea (2b). 3, P. salictella viminiella: imago (3m), larva (3a), and mined leaf of Salix caprea (3b).

Plate 2. PHYLLONORYCTER. 1, P. corylifoliella: imago (1m), larva (1a) and two mined hawthorn leaves (1b). 2, L. coryli: imago (2m), larva (2a) and mined hazel leaf (2b). 3, P. quinnata: imago (3m), larva (3b) and mined hornbeam leaf (3b).

Plate 3. PHYLLONORYCTER. 1, P. mespilella: imago (1m), larva (1a), and mined leaf of Sorbus torminalis (1b). 2, P. spinicolella: imago (2m), larva (2a), and mined sloe leaf (2b). 3, P. maestingella: imago (3m), larva (3a), and mined beech leaf (3b).

Plate 4. PHYLLONORYCTER. 1, P. lantanella: imago (1m), larva (1a) and mined Viburnum lantana leaf (1b). 2, P. junoniella: imago (2m), larva (2a), and mined leaf of Vaccinium vitis-idaea (2b). 3, P. nigrescentella: imago (3a), larva (3a), and mined leaf of Vicia sepium (3b).

Plate 5. PHYLLONORYCTER. 1, P. stettinensis: imago (1m), larva (1a), and alder leaf with two mines (1b). 2, P. schreberella: imago (2m), larva (2a) and mined elm leaf (2b). 3, cf. P. rajella: imago (3m), larva (3a), and mined alder leaf (3b).

Plate 6. PYLLONORYCTER. 1, P. acerifoliella: imago (1m), larva (1a), and mined Acer leaf (1b). 2, P. messaniella: imago (2m), larva (2a) and mined leaf of evergreen oak (2b). 3, P. ulmifoliella: imago (3m), larva (3a) and mined birch leaf (3b).

Plate 7. PHYLLONORYCTER. 1, cf. P. comparella: imago (1m), larva (1a) and mined poplar leaf (1b). 2, P. staintonella: imago (2m), larva (2a) and sprig of Genista pilosa, with two mined leaves (2b). 3, P. quinquenotella (a North American species): imago (3m), larva (3a) and mined stem of Genista sagittalis (3b).

Plate 8. PHYLLONORYCTER. 1, P. trifasciella: imago (1m), larva (1a), and mined honeysuckle leaf (1b). 2, P. scabiosella: imago (2m), larva (2a), and mined Scabiosa columbaria leaf (2b). 3, P. emberizaepennella: imago (3m), larva (3a) and mined honeysuckle leaf (3b).

Volume 3 (1858)

Plate 1. TISCHERIIDAE. 1, Tischeria ekbladella: imago (m), larva (1a) and a mined oak leaf (1b). 2, Emmetia marginea: imago (m), larva (20) and a mined bramble leaf. 3, Emmetia angusticolella: imago (m), larva (3a) and a mined rose leaflet.

Plate 3. ELACHISTIDAE. 1, Elachista maculicerusella: imago (1m), larva (1a), and mined Phragmites leaf (1b). 2, Elachista poae: imago (2m), larva (2a), and mined leaf blade of Glyceria maxima (2b). 3, Elachista humilis: imago (3m) male and female, larva (3a), and mined leaf blade of Deschampsia caespitosa (3b).

Plate 4. ELACHISTIDAE. 1, Elachista bedellella. Larva (1a), and mined leaf blades of Helictotrichon pratense (1b). 2, Elachista argentella. Larva (2a), and a mined leaf blade of Bromus erectus (2b). 3, Elachista tetragonella. Larva (3a), and a sprig of Carex montana exhibiting a mined leaf blade (3b).

Plate 5. ELACHISTIDAE. 1, Elachista gangabella: imago, male and female (1m); larva (1a), and two mined leaves of Dactylis glomerata (1b). 2, Elachista bisulcella: imago (2m), larva (2a), and mined leaf of Deschampsia caespitosa (2b). 3, Cosmiotes freyerella: imago (3m), male and female; larva (3a), and two mined leaf blades of a Poa species (3b).

Plate 6. ELACHISTIDAE. 1, Biselachista cinereopunctella: imago (1m), larva (1a), mined leaves of Carex flacca (1b), and pupa (1c). 2, Elachista gleichenella: imago (2m), larva (2a), and mined leaves of Carex echinata (2b). 3, Elachista biatomella: imago (3m), larva (3a), and (3b) a plant of Carex flacca with a mined leaf blade, plus a detached leaf with a young mine.

Plate 7. ELACHISTIDAE. 1, Elachista utonella: imago (1m), larva (1a), and mined leaf of Carex flacca (1b). 2, Elachista subnigrella: imago (2m), larva (2a), mined leaves of Bromus erectus (2b), and pupa (2c). 3, Elachista quadrella, = ? (cf. E. quadrella HŁbner?): imago (3m), larva (3a), and mined leaf of Luzula pilosa (3b).

Volume 4 (1859)

Plate 1. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora juncicolella: imago (1m), larva (1a) , sprig of Erica with mined leaves (1b) and larval case (1c). 2, Coleophora laricella: imago (2m), larva (2a), sprig of larch with mined leaves (2b), and case of the larva (2c). 3, Coleophora siccifolia: imagi (3m), larva (3a), and hawthorn leaves eaten by the larva, with two cases attached (3b). Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (a), and a palpus (b).

Plate 2. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora gryphipennella: imago (1m), larva (1a), and mined rose leaf with a case attached (1b). 2, Coleophora milvipennis: imago (2m), larva (2a), elm leaf eaten by the larva (2a), and larval case (2c). 3, Coleophora solitariella: imago (3m), larva (3a), sprig of Stellaria holostea with mined leaves (3b), and a larval case (3c). Dissections depict basal joint of antennae (a), and palpus (b). Stainton 4, I (1859). Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (a), and a palpus (b).

Plate 3. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora ornatipennella: imago (1m), larva (1a), and a mined grass leaf blade with larval case attached (1b). 2, Coleophora lixella: imago (2m), larva (2a), and a plant of Briza media with mined leaf and a larval case attached (2b). 3, Coleophora galbulipennella: imago (3m), larva (3a), and a mined leaf of Silene otites with larval case attached. Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (a), and a palpus (b).

Plate 4. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora currucipennella: imago (1m), larva (1a), oak leaf eaten by the larva (1b), and a larval case (1c). 2, Coleophora ibipennella: imago (2m), larva (2b), and birch leaves eaten by the larva, with two cases attached (2a). 3, Coleophora anatipennella: imago (3m), larva (3b), sloe twig with leaf eaten by the larva and a case attached to the stem (3a), and a larval case (3c). Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (a), and a palpus (b).

Plate 5. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora discordella: imago (1m), larva (1a), sprig of Lotus corniculatus with case attached (1b), and a larval case (1c). 2, Coleophora genistae: imago (2m), larva (2a), sprig of Genista anglica with mined leaves (2b), and a larval case (2c). 3, Coleophora serenella: imago (3m), larva (3a), a piece of leaf of Astragalus glycyphyllos, with larval mines and cases attached (3b). Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (g), and a palpus (f).

Plate 6. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora caespititiella: imago (1m), larva (1a), and seeds of Juncus conglomeratus with larval cases attached. 2, Coleophura obscenella: imago (2m), larva (2a), seeds of Solidago virgaurea with a larval case attached (2b), and a larval case (2c). 3, Coleophora silenella: imago (3m), larva (3a), capsule of Silene vulgaris with larval case attached (3b). Dissections depict basal joint of antennae (g), and a palpus (f).

Plate 7. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora pennella: imago (1m), larva (1a); leaves of Echium vulgare eaten by the larva, with two cases larval attached. 2, Coleophora lineolea: imago (2m), larva (2a), mined leaf of Ballota nigra (2b), and a larval case (2c). 3, Coleophora pyrrhulipennella: imago (3m), larva (3a), and a sprig of heather with larval case attached (3b). Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (g), and a palpus (f). Stainton 4, VII (1859).

Plate 8. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora albicosta: imago (1m), larva (1a), pod of Ulex europaeus with two larval cases attached (1b). 2, Coleophora chamaedryella: imago (2m), larva (2a), sprig of Teucrium chamaedrys with a larval case attached to one of the leaves (2b). 3, Coleophora lugduniella: imago (3m), larva (3a), leaf of Vicia cracca eaten by the larva (3b), and a larval case (3c). Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (g), and a palpus (f).

Volume 5 (1860)

Plate 9. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora vibicella: imago (1m), larva (1a); sprig of Genista tinctoria, with mined leaves and three cases of young larvae attached (1b); and case of adult larva (1c). 2, Coleophora conspicuella: imago (2m), larva (2a), and mined piece of leaf of Centaurea nigra with a larva-case attached (2b). 3, Coleophora coelebipennella, = ?: imago (3m), larva ( 3a), and a mined leaf of Artemisia campestris with case attached (3b). Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (g), and a palpus (f).

Plate 10. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora otidipennella: imago (1m), larva (1a), sprig of Luzula with larval cases attached to the seeds (1b), and a larva case (1c). 2, Coleophora argentula: imago (2m), larva (2a), and a sprig of Achillea millefolium with larva cases attached to the seeds. 3, Coleophora artemisicolella: imago (3m), larva (3a), a sprig of Artemisia vulgaris with larva-cases attached to the seeds (3b), and a larva-case (3c). Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (g), and a palpus (f).

Plate 11. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora gnaphalii: imago (1m), larva (1a), a sprig of “Gnaphalium arenarium” with two larva-cases attached (1b), and a larva-case (1c). 2, Coleophora millefolii: imago (2m), larva (2a), and a sprig of Achillea millefolium with larva-case attached. 3, Coleophora hemerobiella: imago (3m), larva (3a), a mined pear leaf (3c), and a larva-case (3b). Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (g), and a palpus (f).

Plate 12. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora ochripennella: imago (1m), larva (1a), and a sprig of Ballota nigra with a larva-case attached (1b). 2, Coleophora chalcogrammella: imago (2m), larva (2a), and a sprig of Cerastium arvense with mined leaves and a larva-case attached (2b). 3, Coleophora vitisella: imago (3m), larva (3a), a sprig of Vaccinium vitis-idaea with mined leaves and a larva-case attached (3b), and a larva-case (3c). Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (g), and a palpus (f).

Plate 13. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora ochrea: imago (1m), larva (1a), and a sprig of Helianthemum chamaecistus with mined leaves and a larva-case attached (1b).2, Coleophora wockella: imago (2m), larva (2a), and a mined leaf of Betonica officinalis with a larva-case attached (2b). 3, Coleophora ditella or C. pseudoditella (?): imago (3m), larva (3a), a mined leaf of Artemisia campestris with larva-case attached (3b), and a larva-case (3c). Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (g), and a palpus (f).

Plate 14. COLEOPHORIDAE: mainland-European species. 1, Coleophora virgatella: imago (1m), larva (1a), mined leaf of Salvia pratensis with larva-case attached (1b), and a larva-case (1c). 2, Coleophora auricella: imago (2m), larva (2a), and a sprig of Stachys recta with mined leaves and several larva-cases attached (2b). 3, Coleophora serratulella: imago (3m), larva (3a), mined leaf of “Serratula cyanoides” with larva-case attached (3b), and a larva-case (3c). Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (g), and a palpus (f).

Plate 15. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora trifariella: imago (1m); larva (1a), and a sprig of broom with attached larva-case (1b). 2, Coleophora odorariella: imago (2m), larva (2a), a mined leaf of “Serratula cyanoides” with attached larva-case (2b), and a larva-case. 3, Coleophora paripennella: imago (3m), larva (3a), a mined leaf of Centaurea nigra with attached larva-case (3b), and a larva-case (3c). Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (g), and a palpus (f).

Plate 16. COLEOPHORIDAE. 1, Coleophora lusciniaepennella: imago (1m), larva (1a), and a mined leaf of Salix caprea with attached larva-case (1b). 2, cf. Coleophora violacea (this being the likely identity of English material formerly referred to C. paripennella Zell.) : imago (2m), larva (2a), mined leaves of Prunus spinosa with a larva-case attached (2b), and a larva-case (2c). 3, Coleophora ledi: imago (3m), larva (3a), a mined Tilia leaf with attached larva-case (3b), and a larva-case (3c). Dissections depict basal joint of antenna (g), and a palpus (f).

Volume 6 (1861)

Plate 1. 1, Agonopterix assimilella; larva (1a), and a sprig of broom with stems united by the web of a larva (1b). 2, Agonopterix nanatella: larva (2a) and a plant of Carlina vulgaris with mined leaves (2b). 3, Agonopterix umbellana: larva (3a), and a sprig of Ulex nanus with a larval web (3b).

Plate 2. OECOPHORIDAE. 1, Agonopterix arenella: larva (1a), and a leaf of Centaurea nigra folded by it. 2, Agonopterix kaekeritziana: larva (2a), and a shoot of Centaurea nigra folded by it (2b). 3, Agonopterix pallorella: larva (3a), and leaf of Centaurea scabiosa folded by it (3b).

Plate 3. OECOPHORIDAE. 1, Agonopterix liturosa: larva (1a), and a shoot of Hypericum with apical leaves drawn together by it (1b). 2, Agonopterix heracleana; larva (2a), and seeds of Heracleum sphondyleum drawn together by it (2b). 3, Agonopterix nervosa; larva (3a), and an inflorescence of Oenanthe crocata with flowers drawn together by it (3b).

Plate 4. OECOPHORIDAE. 1, Depressaria chaerophylli; larva (1a), and a larval web in an inflorescence of Chaerophyllum temulum (1b). 2, Depressaria pimpinellae; larva (2a), and a larval web in an inflorescence of Pimpinella saxifraga (2b). 3, Depressaria depressana; larva (3a), and a carrot inflorescence inhabited by one (3b).

Plate 5. OECOPHORIDAE. 1, Agonopterix angelicella; larva (1a), and a leaf of Angelica sylvestris inhabited by one (1b). 2, Agonopterix hofmanni; larva (2a), and a leaf of Athamanta libanotis with a larval web (2b). 3, Depressaria libanotidella, = ? (a poor fit for Meyrick's description of Depressaria badiella, with which the name is associated in nomenclatural lists); larva (3a), and apical leaves of Athamanta libanotis drawn together by it (3b).

Plat 6. OECOPHORIDAE. 1, Agonopterix furvella; larva (1a) and leaves of Dictamnus albus united by it (1b). 2, Agonopterix parilella; larva (2a), and a leaf of Peucedanum oreoselinum twisted by it (2b). 3, Agonopterix cnicella; larva (3a), and a shoot of Eryngium campestre attacked by it (3b).

Plate 7. OECOPHORIDAE. 1, Depressaria albipunctella; larva (1a), and a leaf of Anthriscus sylvestris folded by it (1b). 2, Depressaria emeritella; larva (2a), and part of a Chrysanthemum vulgare leaf folded by it (2b). 3, Depressaria olerella; larva (3a), and leaves of Achillea millefolium drawn together by it (3b).

Plate 8. OECOPHORIDAE. 1, Depressaria heydenii; larva (1a), and a larval web in an umbel of Heracleum sphondylium ssp. austriacum (1b). 2, Agonopterix alstroemeriana; larva (2a), and leaf tips of Conium maculatum folded by it (2b). 3, Agonopterix heracleana; larva (3a), and a leaf tip of Anthriscus sylvestris folded by it (3b).

Volume 7 (1862)

Plate 1. LYONETIIDAE (BUCCULATRICIDAE). 1, Bucculatrix nigricomella: externally feeding larva (1a), and plant of Chrysanthemum leucanthemum with mined leaves (1b). 2, Bucculatrix nigricomella: externally feeding larva (2a), and gnawed leaf of Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (2b). 3, Bucculatrix cidarella: externally feeding larva (3a), and alder leaf mined and gnawed (3b).

Plate 2. LYONETIIDAE (BUCCULATRICIDAE). 1, Bucculatrix ulmella: externally feeding larva (1a), and oak leaf mined and gnawed (1b). 2, Bucculatrix bechsteinella: mining larva (2a); externally feeding larva (2a*); hawthorn leaf, mined and with a cocoonet under which the larva moults (2b); gnawed hawthorn leaf (2b*); and cocoon (2c). 3, Bucculatrix demaryella: externally feeding larva (3a); mined and gnawed birch leaf (3b).

Plate 3. LYONETIIDAE (BUCCULATRICIDAE). 1, Bucculatrix maritima: externally feeding larva (1a), and mined leaf of Aster tripolium (1b). 2, Bucculatrix gnaphaliella: larva (2a), and leaf of Gnaphalium arenarium with mine and cocoon (2b). 3, Bucculatrix ratisbonensis: larva (3a); and piece of gnawed Artemisia campestris leaf, with cocoon at the right (3b).

Plate 4. LYONETIIDAE (BUCCULATRICIDAE). 1, Bucculatrix frangulella: externally feeding larva (1a), a mined and gnawed leaf of Rhamnus frangula (1b), and cocoon (1c). 2, Bucculatrix thoracella: externally feeding larva (2a), and mined an gnawed lime leaf (2b). 3, Bucculatrix cristatella: larva (3a), and a gnawed yarrow leaf with the cocoon near its tip (3b).

Plates 5–7 unavailable.

Plate 8. NEPTICULIDAE. 1, Stigmella minusculella: larva (1a), and mined pieces of pear leaves (1b). 2, Stigmella tiliae: larva (1a), and mined lime leaf (2b). 3, Stigmella lonicerarum: larva (3a), and a mined honesuckle leaf (3b).

Plate 9. NEPTICULIDAE. 1, Ectoedemia weaveri: larva (1a); sprig of Vaccinium vitis-idaea, with a leaf showing a flat mine (1b); upperside of a leaf, with an inflated mine (1b*), and underside of the same leaf (1b**). 2, Ectoedemia argyropeza: larva (2a), and a mined leaf of Populus tremula (2b). 3, Nepticula arcuata: larva (3b), and a mined leaf of Potentilla sterilis (3a).

Plate 10. NEPTICULIDAE. 1, Stigmella centifoliella: larva (1a), and mined rose leaf (1b). 2, Ectoedemia occultella: larva (2a), and mined birch leaf (2b). 3, Stigmella alnetella:larva (3a), and mined alder leaf (3b).

Plate 11. NEPTICULIDAE. 1, Ectoedema atricollis: larva (1a), and mined apple leaf (1b). 2, Stigmella myrtillella: larva (2a), and mined leaves of Vaccinium myrtillus (2b and 2b*). 3, Stigmella poterii: larva (3a), and a leaf of Poterium sanguisorba with several mined leaflets (3b).

Volume 8 (1864)

Plate 1. GRACILLARIIDAE. 1, Callisto denticulella: larva (1a), and apple leaf with its edge turned down (1b). 2, Ornix petiolella: larva (2a); apple leaf with mine of young larva (2b); another apple leaf with a mine of a young larva, and with its lower parts drawn together by a web spun by the adult larva near the petiole (2b*). 3, Deltaornix torquillella: larva (3a); sloe leaf with mine of a young larva (3b); and sloe leaves screwed up by adult larvae (3b*).

Plate 2. GRACILLARIIDAE. 1, Caloptilia elongella: larvae (1a, 1a*), and a longitudinally rolled alder leaf (1b). 2, Caloptilia syringella: larva (2a), a mined lilac leaf (2d), and a laterally rolled one (2b*). 3, Caloptilia hemidactylella: larva (3a), and pieces of sycamore leaves rolled conically (3b and 3b*).

Plate 2a. GRACILLARIIDAE. 1, Parornix scoticella; larva (1a), and some leaflets of Sorbus aucuparia with turned-down edges (1b). 2, Parornix betulae; larva (2a), and a birch leaf with a young larval mine and part of its edge turned down by an older larva (2b). 3, Parornix loganella; larva (3a), and a birch leaf with part of its edge turned down (3b).

Plate 3. GRACILLARIIDAE. 1, Parornix devoniella; larva (1a), and a hazel leaf with the mine of a young larva, its edge turned down by an adult larva and a corner near the petiole turned down by one that is about to pupate (1b). 2, Parornix anglicella; larva (2a), and a hawthorn leaf with a mine of a young larva and two cones formed by adult larvae (2b). 3, Parornix fagivora; larva (3a), and a piece of beech leaf with its edge turned down by the adult larva (3b).

Plate 3a. GRACILLARIIDAE. 1, Aspilapteryx tringipennella; larva (1a), and a mined leaf of Plantago lanceolata (1b). 2, Aspilapteryx limosella; larva (2a),and sprigs of Teucrium chamaedrys with mined leaves (2b, 2b* and 2b**). 3, Micrurapteryx kollariella (supposedly an erroneous British record); larva (3a), and a twig of broom with mined leaves (3b).

Plate 4. GRACILLARIIDAE. 1, Eucalybites auroguttella; larva (1a), and a sprig of Hypericum with leaves mined and rolled into cones (1b). 2, Leucospilapteryx omissella; adult larva (2a), and a sprig of Artemisia vulgaris with mined leaves (2b). (According to Stainton's text, the red colour depicted here is assumed by the grey-green larva immediately prior to pupation.) 3, Calybites phasianipennella; larva (3a), and a sprig of Polygonum hydropiper with a leaf cut and rolled up into two cones by the larva (3b).

Plate 5. GRACILLARIIDAE. 1, Parectopa ononidis; larva (1a), and a mined clover leaf (1b). 2, Aristaea pavoniella; larva (2a), and mined leaves of Aster bellidiastrum (2b, 2b*). 3, Dialectica imperialella; larva (3a), and mined leaves of Lathyrus niger (3b, 3b*, 3b**).

Volume 9 (1865)

Plate 1. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Monopis ferruginella or M. obviella?; young (1a) and adult (1a*) larvae; leaves of Campanula persicifolia mined by the young larva (1b, 1b*); and leaves rolled up by the adult larva (1b**). 2, Helcystogramma rufescens; larva (2a), and grass leaf blades rolled up and discoloured by it (2b). 3, Gelechia hippophaŽlla; larva (3a), and a shoot of HippophaŽ rhamnoides eaten by it (3b).

Plate 2. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Anacampsis scintillella; larva (1a), and a sprig of Helianthemum vulgare eaten by it (1b). 2, Anacampsis temerella; larva (2a), and a sprig of Salix eaten by it (2b). 3, Mirificarma lentiginosella; larva (3a), and a sprig of Genista tinctoria eaten by it (3b).

Plate 3. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Aroga flavicomella; larva (1a), and leaves of sloe fastened together and eaten by it (1b). 2, Neofaculta ericetella; larva (2a), and a sprig of Erica with a larva protruding from a flower (2b). 3, Mirificarma mulinella; larva (3a), and a sprig of broom with a flower attacked by it (3b).

Plate 4. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Neofriseria peliella; larva (1a), and a sprig of Rumex acetosella eaten by it (1b). 2, Scrobipalpa acuminatella; male imago, with detail of female forewing (2m); larva (2a), and a mined thistle leaf (2b). 3, Athrips mouffetella; larva (3a), and a sprig of honeysuckle eaten by it (3b).

Plate 5. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Bryotropha domestica; 1, larva (1a), and moss being eaten by it (1b). 2, Bryotropha affinis; larva (2a), and a piece of moss showing frass thrown out by the larva (2b). 3, Teleiodes vulgella; larva (3a), and hawthorn leaves fastened together and eaten by it (3b).

Plate 6. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Altenia scriptella; larva (1a), and a folded maple leaf (1b). 2, Pseudotelphusa (Teleiodes) paripunctella; larva (2a), and oak leaves spun together and eaten by it (2b). 3, Recurvaria leucatella; larva (3a), and a sprig of hawthorn eaten by it (3b).

Plate 7. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Scrobipalpa artemisiella; larva (1a), and a sprig of Thymus serpyllum eaten by it (1b). 2, Xenolechia aethiops; larva (2a), and a sprig of "heath" eaten by it (2b). 3, Mirificarma maculatella; larva (3a), and a leaf of Coronilla varia eaten by it (3b).

Plate 8. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Athrips (Rhynchopacha) tetrapunctella; larva (1a), and sprigs of Medicago sativa eaten by it (1b and 1b*). 2, Chrysoesthia sexguttella; larva (2a), and a mined Atriplex leaf (2b). 3, Chrysoesthia drurella; young larva (3a), adult larva (3a*), and mined leaves of Chenopodium (3b, 3b*).

Volume 10 (1867)

Plate 9. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Caryocolum vicinella; larva (1a), and sprig of Silene uniflora eaten by it (1b). 2, Caryocolum cauliginella; larva (2a), and a swollen stem of Silene nutans (2b); swollen stem sectioned, showing the larva within (2b*). 3, Scrobipalpa costella; larva (3a), with mined and discoloured leaves of Solanum dulcamara (3b, 3b*).

Plate 10. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Caryocolum marmorea; larva (1a), and a sprig of Stellaria holostea exhibiting a capsule attacked by it (1b). 2, Caryocolum tricolorella; larva (2a), and a sprig of Stellaria holostea with a young shoot attacked by it (2b). 3, Caryocolum viscariella; larva (3a), a shoot of Silene dioica attacked by it (3b*), and a section of the shoot (3b).

Plate 11. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Caryocolum fraternella; larva (1a), and a sprig of Stellaria uliginosa with the terminal shoot spun together (1b). 2, Caryocolum fischerella; larva (2a), with a shoot of Saponaria officinalis with leaves spun together (2b). 3, Caryocolum marmorea; larva (3a), and a sprig of Cerastium vulgatum with sand-tubes formed by it (3b). Stainton 10, XI (1867).

Plate 12. GELCHIIDAE. 1, Caryocolum proxima; larva (1a), and a sprig of Cerastium semidecandrum with a shoot spun together (1b). 2, Monochroa servella; larva (2a), with a discoloured leaf of Primula farinosa (2b). 3, Teleiodes sequax; larva (3a), and a shoot of Helianthemum vulgare spun together by it (3b).

Plate 13. GELECHIIDAE. 1, imago of Syncopacma taeniolella, upper (m) and undersides (m*); larva (1a), and a sprig of Trifolium micranthum with leaves united by it (1b). 2, Syncopacma coronillella; larva (2a), and a sprig of Coronilla varia with leaves united by it (2b). 3, Syncopacma albipalpella; larva (3a), and a sprig of Genista anglica with leaves spun together and discoloured by it (3b).

Plate 14. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Aproaerema anthyllidella; larva (1a), and leaves of Anthyllis vulneraria eaten and discoloured by it (1b). 2, Monochroa arundinetella; larva (2a), and mined leaves of Carex riparia (2b, 2b*). 3, Epithectis lathri Stainton (cf. Meyrick, omitted from European and British Check Lists); larva (3a), and a sprig of Lathyrus palustris with a larval web (3b).

Plate 15. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Apodia bifractella; larva (1a), a sprig of Inula conyza (1b), and seeds fastened together and bored by the larva (1b*). 2, Gelechia inopella, = ? (cf. Ptocheuusa paupella); larva (2a), and a flower of Pulicaria dysenterica with some florets disturbd by it (2b). 3, Aristotelia brizella; larva (3a), and a flower head of Armeria maritima attacked by it (3b).

Plate 16. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Eulamprotes wilkella; larva (1a), and a sprig of Cerastium holosteoides eaten by it (1b). 2, Aristotelia ericinella; larva (2a), and a sprig of Calluna bearing a web formed by it (2b). 3, Thiotricha subocellea; larva (3a), a sprig of Origanum vulgare bearing larva cases (3b), and a larva case (3b*). Stainton 10, XVI (1867).

Volume 11 (1870)

Plate 1. YPONOMEUTIDAE. 1, Prays fraxinella (1m), unicolorous dark variety (1m*), and forewing of an intermediate form (1m**); young larva (1a), adult larva (1a**); ash leaflet mined by the young larva (1b); ash twigs beneath the bark of which the larva has burrowed (1b*), and an ash shoot eaten by the adult larva (1b**). 2, Prays oleellus, probably = P. oleae (2m); dark variety (2m*); young larva (2a), and mature larva (2a**); olive leaves mined by the young larva (2b, 2b*); olive shoot eaten by the mature larva (2b**).

Plate 2. YPONOMEUTIDAE. 1, Swammerdamia heroldella; larva (1a), and gnawed birch leaves (1b). 2, Swammerdamia caesiella?; larva (2a), and a gnawed hawthorn leaf (2b. S. caesiella is usually associated with birch). 3, Swammerdamia pyrella; larva (3a), and gnawed hawthorn leaf (3b).

Plate 3. YPONOMEUTIDAE. 1, labelled Zelleria phyllaerella, but cf. Z. hepariella (the foodplant of the former does not occur in Killarney); larva (1a), and a branch of Phyllyrea with its web (1b). 2, Zelleria oleastrella; larva (2a), and an olive twig with leaves drawn together by it (2b). 3, Kessleria saxifragae; larva (3a), and a shoot of Saxifraga aizoon with its web (3b).

Plate 4. MOMPHIDAE (COSMOPTERIGIDAE). 1, Limnaecia phragmitella; larva (1a); Typha latifolia inflorescence, showing external effects of the larva inside it (1b).

Plate 5. MOMPHIDAE. 1, Mompha propinquella; larva (1a), and a mined leaf of Epilobium hirsutum (1b). 2, Mompha epilobiella; larva (2a), and a shoot of Epilobium hirsutum disfigured by it (2b). 3, Limnoecia epilobiella, = Mompha langiella; larva (3a), and a mined leaf of Circaea lutetiana (3 b).

Plate 6. GELECHIIDAE. 1, Carpotolechia decorella. Larva (1a), and stems of Epilobium with gall-like swellings caused by the larvae ( 1b, 1b*). MOMPHIDAE. 2, Mompha substrigella. Larva (2a) and a seed pod of Epilobium eaten by it (2b). COSMOPTERIGIDAE. 3, Sorhagenia rhamniella. Larva (3a), and a shoot of buckthorn drooping from its attentions (3b).

Plate 7. GLYPHIPTERIGIDAE. 1, Glyphipteryx haworthana; larva (1a), and a head of Eriophorum vaginatum tenanted by the larva and attached to a stem of Erica (1b). 2, Glyphipteryx equitella; larva (2a), and a sprig of Sedum acre with mined leaves (2b). 3, Glyphipteryx fischeriella; larva (3a), and a head of Dactylis glomerata tenanted by it (3b).

Plate 8. HELIOZELIDAE. 1, Heliozela resplendella. Larva (1a); young alder leaf, showing the early mine of a young larva (1b); developed alder leaf, showing the blotch mine of the adult larva, and another mine whence the oval case has been cut out (1b*). 2, Antispila metallella. Larva (2a), and a mined dogwood leaf (2b). 3, Antispila treitschkiella. Larva (3a); a dogwood leaf mined by 3 larvae (3b); and a larva case, with spiny projections (3c).

Volume 12 (1870)

Plate 1. MOMPHIDAE (COSMOPTERIGIDAE). 1, Cosmopteryx lienigiella. Larva (1a), with mined leaf blade of Phragmites (1b). 2, Cosmopteryx orichalcea. Larva (2a), and a mined leaf blade of Festuca arundinacea (2b). 3, Cosmopteryx schmidiella. Larva (3a), and a leaf of Vicia sepium with leaflets discolourd by it (3b).

Plate 2. OECOPHORIDAE. 1, Stathmopoda pedella. Larva (1a), and fruits of alder attacked by it (1b, 1b*). 2, Palumbina guerinii. Larva (2a), and pod-like galls formed by aphids on twigs of Pistacia terebinthus and inhabited by the larvae (2b).

Plate 3. EPERMENIIDAE. 1, Epermenia aequidentellus. Larva (1a), and a carrot leaf discoloured by it (1b). 2, Ochromolopis staintonellus. Larva (2a); sprigs of Osyris alba attacked by it (2b, 2b*); and pupa (2c). 3, Epermenia falciformis. Larva (3a), and leaf of Aegopodium podagraria twisted by it (3b).

Plate 4. MOMPHIDAE. 1, Mompha terminella. Larva (1a), and a leaf of Circaea lutetiana mined by it (1b). EPERMENIIDAE. COLEOPHORIDAE. 2. Augasma aeratella. Larva (2a), and a sprig of Polygonim aviculare with pod-like galls caused by it (2b). 3, Ochromolopsis ictella. Larva (3a), and a shoot of Thesium montanum drawn together by it (3b). Stainton 12, IV (1870).

Plate 5. OECOPHORIDAE. 1, Agonopterix carduella. Larva (1a), and a mined leaf of Cirsium vulgare (1b). 2, Agonopterix sunpropinquella. Larva (2a), and a leaf of Cirsium vulgare gnawed beneath by it (2b). 3, Exaeretia (Depressaroides) culcitella. Larva (3a), and a leaf of Chrysanthemum corymbosum attacked by it (3b).

Plate 6. OECOPHORIDAE. 1, Depressaria artemisiae. Larva (1a), and an apical shoot of Artemisia campestris inhabited by it (1b). 2, Depressaria absinthiella, = ?. Larva (2a), and shoots of Artemisia absinthium inhabited by larvae (2b, 2b*). 3, Agonopterix putridella. Larva (3a), and a piece of Peucedanum officinale leaf attacked by it (3b).

Plate 7. OECOPHORIDAE. 1, Agonopterix rutana. Larva (1a), and a sprig of Ruta chalepensis attacked by it (1b). 2, Agonopterix nodiflorella. Mining larva (2a), and leaflets of Ferula ferulago mined by the young larva (2b); adult larva (2a*), and the web formed by it on a leaf of Ferula ferulago (2b*). 3, Agonopterix atomella. Larva (3a), and a sprig of Calycotome spinosa attacked by it (3b).

Plate 8. OECOPHORIDAE. 1, Depressaria ululana. Larva (1a), and an umbel of Carum (Bunium) bulbocastanum with its webs (1b). 2, Agonopterix silerella. Larva (2a), and a leaf of Siler aquilegifolium attacked by it (2b). 3, Depressaria (Horridopalpus) dictamnella, with side view of palpus showing prolonged tuft (3*). Larva (3a), and a sprig of Dictamnus albus attacked by it (3b).

Volume 13 (1873)

Plate 1. YPONOMEUTIDAE. 1, Ochsenheimeria taurella; larva (1a); grass stem burrowed by the larva (1b); and larva entering at the junction of blade and sheath (1b*). INCURVARIIDAE. 2, Phylloporia bistrigella. Larva (2a), and a birch leaf mined by two larvae, one of which has already cut out its case and departed (2b). TINEIDAE. 3, Myrmecozela ochraceella. Larva (3a), and a larval "run" formed from bits of stick in the ants' nest spun together with silk (3b).

Plate 2. INCURVARIIDAE. 1, Incurvaria masculella. Larva (1a), and an oal leaf eaten by it (1b). 2, Incurvaria pectinea. Adult (2a) and younger (2b) larvae; a birch leaf mined by young larvae; and the case of an adult larva. 3, Incurvaria koerneriella. Larva (3a), and a beech leaf eaten by it (3b); a larva case, opened to show the inside (3c).

Plate 3. ERIOCRANIDAE. 1, Eriocrania (Mnemonica) subpurpurella. Larva (1a), and a mined oak leaf (1b). 2, Eriocrania (Mnemonica) unimaculella. Larva (2a), and a mined birch leaf (2b). 3, Eriocrania salopiella. Larva (3a), and a mined birch leaf (3b).

Plate 4. ADELIDAE. 1, Adela fibulella. Larva (1a), and a sprig of Veronica chamaedrys with larva cases (1b). 2, Adela rufimitrella. Larva (2a), a sprig of the food plant (Cardamine pratensis, 2b), and a larva case (2c). 3, Adela violella. Larva (3a), a sprig of Hypericum perforatum harbouring them (3), and a larva case (3c).

Plate 5. ADELIDAE. 1, Nemophora metallica: male imago, and abdomen and head of female; larva (1a); scabious head, with larva case attached (1b); larval case (1c); and empty seed husk, used by the young larva as its first case. 2, Nemophora fasciella: male imago, and head and abdomen of female; larva (2a); and leaf of Ballota nigra eaten by three larvae. 3, Nemophora minimella: imago (3m); larva (3a); part of scabious head, with larva case (3b); and larva case (3c).

Plate 6. ETHMIIDAE. 1, Ethmia quadrillella. Larva (1a), and a piece of Symphytum officinale leaf eaten by it (1b). 2, Ethmia bipunctella. Larva (2a), and a sprig of Echium vulgare with its web (2b). 3, Ethmia dodecea. Larva (3a), and a sprig of Lithospermum officinale eaten by it (3b).

Plate 7. OECOPHORIDAE. 1, Carcina quercana. Larva (1a), and a leaf of Sorbus torminalis with its web (1b). 2, Luquetia lobella. Larva (2a), and a sloe leaf folded downwards by it (2b). 3, Exaeretia allisella. Larva (3a), and a sprig of Artemisia vulgaris with frass ejected by it (3b).

Plate 8. YPONOMEUTIDAE. 1, Ypsolopha ustella. Larva (1a), and two leaves of hornbeam fastened together by it (1b). GELECHIIDAE. 2, Dichomeris derasella. Larva (2a), and a sprig of sloe with leaves rolled up by it (2b). 3, Dichomeris limosellus. Larva (3a), and clover leaves united by it (3b).

Edited 21 June 2010


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