Insects of Britain and Ireland

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L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz

References

Main sources of illustrations are indicated by bold face, and references concerned exclusively with particular groups or topics are annotated as follows:

|C: Coleoptera

|D: Diptera

|E: Ephemeroptera

|H: Hemiptera

|HY: Hymenoptera

|FP: Food-plants

|L: Lepidoptera

|N: Nomenclature

|NE: Neuroptera and related Orders

|O: Odonata

|OR: Insect Orders

|OT: Orthoptera

|P: Poems

|S: Software and relevant background

|T: Entomological textbooks, etc.

|TR: Trichoptera

Balfour-Browne, F. 1940, 1950 and 1959. British water beetles, vols. 1–3. Ray Society, London. |C

Barnard, P., and Ross, E. 2008. AIDGAP Guide to the adult caddisflies or sedge flies (Trichoptera). |TR

Barrett, C.G. 1893-1907. Lepidoptera of the British Islands. L. Reeve, London. |L

Beirne, B.P. 1952. British Pyralids and Plume Moths. Warne, London. |L

BioHaven Web Hosting and Biological Services. 2001. Quick adult insect identification. Originally at www.biohaven.com/orders.htm; available from the Internet Archive. |OR

Bradley, J.D. 2000. Checklist of Lepidoptera recorded from the British Isles (Second edition). |L|N|FP

Bradley, J.D., Fletcher, D.S. and Whalley, P.E.S. 1972. Kloet and Hincks’s ‘Check list of British insects’, second edition (revised). Handbooks for the identification of British insects 11: Part 2: Lepidoptera. Royal Entomological Society of London. |L|N

Britton, E.B. 1970. Coleoptera. In: Britton, E.B. et al. The insects of Australia. Melbourne University Press. |C

Britton, E.B. et al. 1970. The insects of Australia. Melbourne University Press. |T

Burr, M. 1897. British Orthoptera (earwigs, cockroaches, grasshoppers, and crickets). Economic and Cultural Museum, Huddersfield. |OT

Burr, M. 1936. British grasshoppers and their Allies. Janson, London. |OT

Cameron, P. 1883-1893. A monograph of the British phytophagous Hymenoptera, vols. 1–4. Ray Society, London. |HY

Chandler, P. J. (Ed.) 1998. Checklists of insects of the British Isles (New series). Handbooks for the identification of British insects 12: Part 1: Diptera. Royal Entomological Society of London. |D|N

Coe, R.L. 1953. Handbooks for the identification of British insects. Volume X, part I: Syrphidae. Royal Entomological Society of London. |D

Colless, D.H. and McAlpine, D.K. 1970. In: Britton, E.B. et al. The insects of Australia. Melbourne University Press. |D

Colyer, C.N. and Hammond, C.O. 1968. Flies of the British Isles. Warne, London. |D

Coleman, W.S. 1860. British butterflies (One shilling edition). Routledge, London. |L

Common, I.F.B. 1970. Lepidoptera. In Britton, E.B. et al. The insects of Australia. Melbourne University Press. |L

Curtis, J. 1824–1835. British entomology: being illustrations and descriptions of the genera of insects found in Great Britain and Ireland; containing coloured figures from nature of the most rare and beautiful species, and in many instances of the plants upon which they are found. Printed for the author, London. (Volumes 1–12 of the first edition.)

Curtis, J. 1836-1840. British Entomology: Lepidoptera and Diptera. Downloadable scans from The Biodiversity Library. www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8148/

Curtis, J. 1860. Farm insects: being the natural history and economy of the insects injurious to the field crops of Great Britain and Ireland, and also those which infest barns and granaries, with suggestions for their destruction. Blackie and Son, Glasgow.

Curtis, J. 1862. British Entomology: Hymenoptera. Lovell Reeve & Co., London. (A compilation from the original 16 volumes, complete for the group.)

Curtis, J. 1862. British Entomology: Aphaniptera, Dermaptera, Cictyoptera, Hemiptera, Homoptera, Neuroptera, Omaloptera, Orthoptera, Strepsiptera, Trichoptera. Lovell Reeve & Co., London. (A compilation from the original 16 volumes, comprising the smaller Orders and the Hemiptera.)

Dallwitz, M.J. 1980. A general system for coding taxonomic descriptions. Taxon 29: 41–6. |S

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A. and Zurcher, E.J. 1993 onwards. User’s guide to the DELTA system: a general system for processing taxonomic descriptions. 4th edition. delta-intkey.com |S

Dallwitz, M. J., Paine, T. A. and Zurcher, E. J. 1995 onwards. User’s guide to Intkey: a program for interactive identification and information retrieval. delta-intkey.com |S

Dallwitz, M. J., Paine, T. A. and Zurcher, E. J. 2000 onwards. Principles of interactive keys. delta-intkey.com |S

Dolling, W.R. 1991. The Hemiptera. Oxford University Press. |H

Duponchel, M.M. and Guénée 1849. Iconographie et histoire naturelle des chenilles. Volumes 1 (Diurnes) and 2 (Crépusculaires - Nocturnes). Germer Bailliere, Paris.

Duff, A.G. (ed.). 2012. Checklist of beetles of the British Isles, 2008 editiion. www.coleopterist.org.uk/checklist.htm |C

Ebeling, W. 2001. Simplified key to the principal Orders of insects in the adult stage. www.cnr.berkeley.edu/citybugs/allaboutbugs/simplifiedkey.htm |OR

Edwards, M and Jenner, M. 2009. Field Guide to the Bumblebeesof Great Britain and Ireland. ISBN9780954971311. |HY

Edwards, J. 1896. The Hemiptera-Homoptera (Cicadina and Psyllina) of the British Islands. Lovell Reeve & Co., London. |H

Fauna Europaea Web Service (2004) Fauna Europaea version 1.1, Available online at www.faunaeur.org |N

Fitton, M.G. et al. 1978. Kloet and Hincks’s ‘Check list of British insects’, second edition (revised). Handbooks for the identification of British insects 11: Part 4: Hymenoptera. Royal Entomological Society of London. |HY|N

Ford, E.B. 1945. Butterflies. New Naturalist Series. Collins, London. |L|T

Ford, E.B. 1955. Moths. New Naturalist Series. Collins, London. |L|T

Foster, G.N. and Friday, L.E. 2011. Key to adults of the water beetles of Britain and Ireland (Part 1). Handbooks for the identification of British Insects, vol 4, Part 5 (2nd Ed.) Field Studies Council for the Royal Entomological Society. |C

Friday, L.E. 1988. A key to the adults of British water beetles. Field Studies 7, 1-151. |C

Fowler, Rev. W.W. 1887-1891 and 1913 Supplement. The Coleoptera of the British Islands. L. Reeve and Co., London. www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/14423

Frontier High School, Red Rock, OK. 2001. Key to the insect orders. Originally at pc65.frontier.osrhe.edu/hs/science/binsect.htm; available from the Internet Archive. |OR

Free, J.B., Butler, C.G., and Yarrow, HH. 1959. Bumblebees. New Naturalist, Collins. |HY

Goater, B. 1986. British Pyralid Moths. Harley Books. |L

Harker, J. 1989. Mayflies. Naturalists’ Handbook 13. Richmond Publishing Co., Slough. |E

Heslop, I.R.P. 1947, 1953, 1955. Indexed check-list of the British Lepidoptera with the English name of each of the 2313 species (with supplements). Watkins & Doncaster, London. |L|N

Hammond, C.O. and Gardner, A.E. 1983. The dragonflies of Great Britain and Ireland (revised by R. Merritt). Harley Books, Colchester. |O

Hemming, Francis. 1937. Hübner: a biographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frolich and August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer. Volumes 1 and 2. Royal Entomological Society, London.

Hübner, J. 1793–1841. Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge, errichtet von Jacob Hübner in Augsburg. Augsburg. |L

Hübner, J. 1805. Sammlung europaeicher Schmetterlinge, errichtet von Jacob Hubner in Augsberg. Illustrations reproduced in ‘Das Kleine Schmetterlingsbuch’ (1934) by Insel-Verlag, Leipzig. |L

Imms, A.D. 1957. A general textbook of entomology. Methuen & Co., London. |T

Janson, E.W. 1863. British beetles, transferred from Curtis’s British Entomology, with descriptions. Bell and Daldy, London. |C

Jessop, L. 1986. Dung Beetles and Chafers (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea). Handbooks for the identification of British insects, 5, part 11. Royal Entomological Society of London. |C

Joy, N.H. 1932. A practical handbook of British beetles. Reprinted by E.W. Classey Ltd., Faringdon (1979). |C

Jacobs, S.N.A. 1945. On the British species of the genus Lithocolletis. Proceedings and Transactions of the South London Entomological and Natural History Society, 1944–45: 32–59. |L

Kimmins, D.E. 1954. A revised key to the adults of the British species of Ephemeroptera. Freshwater Biological Association, Scientific Publication No. 15. |E

Kirby, W.F. 1907. The butterflies and moths of Europe. Cassell & Co., London. |L

Kloet, G.S. and Hincks, W.D. 1945. A check list of British insects. Kloet and Hincks, Stockport. |N

Lawrence, J.F., Hastings, A.M., Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A. and Zurcher, E.J. 1999. Beetles of the world: a key and information system for families and subfamilies. CD-ROM, Version 1.0 for MS-Windows. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne. |C

Lawrence, J.F., Hastings, A.M., Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A. and Zurcher, E.J. 1999. ‘Beetle Larvae of the World: Descriptions, Illustrations, Identification, and Information Retrieval for Families and Sub-families.’ CD-ROM, Version 1.1 for MS-Windows. (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.). |C

Lawrence, J.F., Hastings, A.M., Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A. and Zurcher, E.J. 2000. Elateriformia (Coleoptera): descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval for families and subfamilies. Version: 9th October 2005. delta-intkey.com. |C

Le Cerf, F. and Herbulot, C. 1948, 1949, 1950. Atlas des Lepidopteres de France. Vols. 1–3. Boubee, Paris. |L

Leech, J.H. 1886. British Pyralides, including the Pterophoridae. R.H. Porter, London. |L

Le Maout, E. and Decaisne, J. 1873. A general system of botany, descriptive and analytical (English translation by Mrs. Hooker, with additional material by J.D. Hooker. Illustrations by L. Steinheil and A. Riocreux). Longmans, Green and Co., London. |FP

Lindley, J. 1853. The vegetable kingdom: the structure, classification and uses of plants. Third edition. Bradbury and Evans, London. |FP

Lucas, W.J. 1900. British dragonflies (Odonata). L. Upcott Gill, London. |O

Lucas, W.J. 1920. A monograph of the British Orthoptera. Ray Society, London. |OT

Majerus, M.E.N. 1998. Melanism. Evolution in action. Oxford University Press. |L|T

Majerus, M.E.N. 2002. New Naturalist Series. Moths. Harper Collins. |L

Marshall, J.A., and Haes, E.C.M. 1990. Grasshoppers and allied insects of Great Britain and Ireland. Harley Books, Colchester. |OT

McKamey, S.H. (2008). USDA Checklist of leafhopper species (Membracoidea and Myerslopiidae) with synonymy and distribution. www.sel.barc.usda.gov/selhome/leafhoppers/mckpaper.htm |H

Meyrick, E. 1927. A revised handbook of the British Lepidoptera. E.W. Classey, Hampton, Middlesex. |L

Morris, Rev. F.O. 1843. A history of British butterflies. J.C. Nimmo, London. |L

Mosely, M.E. 1939. The British caddis flies (Trichoptera). Routledge and Sons, Ltd., London. |TR

Mosely, M.E. and Kimmins, D.E. 1953. The Trichoptera (caddis flies) of Australia and New Zealand. British Musem, London. |TR

Newman, E. 1869. An illustrated natural history of British moths. W. Tweedie, London. |L

Newman, E. 1871. An illustrated natural history of British butterflies. W. Tweedie, London. |L

Pope, R.D. 1977. Second edition (revised) of Kloet and Hincks’s ‘Check list of British insects: Coleoptera and Strepsiptera’. Handbooks for the identification of British insects, vol. XI, Part 3. Royal Entomological Society of London. |N|C

Plant, C.W. 1997. A key to the adults of British lacewings and their allies. Field Studies 9: 179–269. |NE

Prys-Jones, O.E. and Corbet, S.A. 2011. Bumblebees (3rd edition). Naturalists’ Handbooks 6. Pelagic Publishing, Exeter. |HY

Riek, E.F. 1970. Hymenoptera. In: Britton, E.B. et al. The insects of Australia. Melbourne University Press. |HY

Riley, A.M. and Prior, G. 2003. British and Irish Pug Moths: a guide to their identification and biology. Harley Books, Colchester. |L

Rotheray, G.E. 1993. Colour guide to Hoverfly larvae in Britain and Europe. Dipterists Digest No. 9. D. Whitely, Sheffield, England. |D

Rye, E.C. and Fowler, Rev. Canon 1890. British beetles. L. Reeve & Co., London. |C

Sanders, E. 1946. An insect book for the pocket. Oxford University Press, London. |T

Saunders, E. 1892. The Hemiptera Heteroptera of the British Islands. Reeve & Co. |H

Saunders, E. 1896. The Hymenoptera Aculeata of the British islands. Reeve & Co. |HY

Shaw, G. and Nodder, F.P. 1789-1813. The naturalist’s miscellany.

Shipley, A.E. 1893. Zoology of the Invertebrata. A. & C. Black (London).

Son, G. van. 1966. The nomenclatural status of Vanessa kershawi (McCoy) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Australian Journal of Entomology 5: 66–66. doi:10.1111/j.1440-6055.1966.tb00682.x |L

South, R. 1909. The moths of the British Isles, vols. I and II. Warne & Co., London. |L

South, R. 1921. The butterflies of the British Isles. Warne, London. |L

South, R. 1961. The moths of the British Isles, vols. I and II. Edited and revised by H.M. Edelsten and D.S. Fletcher. Warne, London. |L

Southwood, T.R.E. and Leston, D. 1959. Land and water bugs of the British Isles. Warne & Co., London. |H

Stainton, H.T. 1854. Insecta Britannica. Lepidoptera: Tineina. Lovell Reeve, London. |L

Stainton, H.T. 1855-1873. The natural history of the Tineina. J. Van Voorst, London. Volumes 2-13 obtained as dowloadable scans from the Biodiversity Library. www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/25081

Stainton, H.T. 1857. A manual of British butterflies and moths. John Van Voorst, London. |L

Steel, W.O. (editor). 1964. Second edition (revised) of Kloet and Hincks’s check list: small Orders and Hemiptera. Handbooks for the identification of British insects, vol. XI, Part I. Royal Entomological Society of London. |N|H|O|OR

Stephens, J.F. 1828-1835 and 1846. Illustrations of British Entomology (volumes 1, 2, 4, 6 and Supplement only). Printed for the author, London. Obtained as downloadable scans from The Biodiversity Library. www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8148/

Stokoe, W.J., Stovin, G.H.T. and Dollman, J.C. 1948. The caterpillars of British moths, including eggs, chrysalids and food-plants. Series 1. Warne & Co., London. |L

Stubbs, A.E. and Falk, S.J. 2002. British Hoverflies. An illustrated identification guide (Second Edition). British Entomological and Natural History Society. |D

Unwin, D.M. 1981. A key to the families of British Diptera. Field Studies 5: 513–553. |D

Unwin, D.M. 1984/1988. A key to the families of British Coleoptera (and Strepsiptera). Field Studies 6: 149–197. |C

Unwin, D. 2001.A key to the families of British bugs (Insecta, Hemiptera). Field Studies 10: 1–35. |H

Van Veen, M.P. 2010. Hoverflies of northwest Europe: identification keys to the Syrphidae. KNNV Publishing. |D

Verrall, G.H.1901. British Flies, Volume VIII (Syrphidae) Gurney and Jackson, London. |D

Wakely, S. 1945. Notes on the genus Mompha. Proceedings and Transactions of the South London Entomological and Natural History Society, 1944–45: 81–88. |L

Walker, F. 1851-1856. Insecta Britannica: Diptera, Vols. 1–3. Lovell Reeve, London. |D

Wilkinson, S. J. 1859. The British Tortrices. Van Voorst, London. |L

Williams, P.H., Cameron, S.A., Hines, H.M., Cederberg, B. and Rasmont, P. 2008. A simplified subgeneric classification of the bumblebees (genus Bombus). Apidologie 39, 1–29. HY|

Willmer, P. 1993. Bees, ants and wasps. A key to the genera of the British Aculeates. British Field Studies Council, Occasional Publication 7. |HY

Woodward, T.E., Evans, J.W., and Eastop, V.F. 1970. Hemiptera. In: Britton, E.B. et al. The insects of Australia. Melbourne University Press. |H

Wright, A. 1990. British Sawflies: a key to the adults of genera occurring in Britain. Field Studies 7, 531–593. |HY

Edited 8 January 2013


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