Insects of Britain and Ireland: the families of Hemiptera

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L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz

Cixiidae

Salient features of adults. Terrestrial; littoral, or not littoral.

Phytophagous. Tiny to small; (4–)5–7(–8) mm long; fliers. Head non-linear. Rostrum not separated from the prosternum by a gula. Antennae longer than the head, readily visible from above; consisting of short segments with a terminal, unsegmented arista that is much longer than the segments. Ocelli present; 2–3 (one on each side of the head, and a third, which is almost obsolete, near the apex of the middle facial keel). Tegulae present. Fore-wings well developed; in the resting insect sloping roof-like over the abdomen; more or less uniform in texture; with transparent cells (the cells glassy); without costal fracture and cuneus; with a clavus; without conspicuously raised, reticulate venation. Clavus with two veins uniting posteriorly to form a Y. Hind coxae immobile. Tarsi 3 segmented.

Mesonotum with 3 or 5 dorsal keels; tegulae present, covering bases of fore-wings; fore-wings clear and membranous, with conspicuously raised veins.

Taxonomy. Suborder Homoptera. Auchenorrhyncha. Fulgoroidea.

British representation. 12 species in Britain; genera 2. Cixius and Oliarus.

Illustrations. • Cixius cunicularius: B. Ent 673. • Cixius cunicularius: B. Ent 673, legend+text. • Cixius cunicularius: B. Ent 673, text cont.. • Cixius (8 spp.), Oliarus (2 spp.): Edwards.


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Cite this publication as: ‘Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2003 onwards. Insects of Britain and Ireland: the families of Hemiptera. Version: 16th May 2016. delta-intkey.com’.

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