Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Geometridae

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L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz

Eupithecia Curtis

Aragonia, Arcyonia, Dyscymatoge, Encymatoge, Eucymatoge, Leucocora, Tarachia, Tephroclystia.

Adults. Antennae of males simple; simply-ciliate. Face rough (with a short cone of scales).

Wingspan 16–28(–36) mm. Forewings relatively narrow-elongate to relatively broad. The outer margin of the forewing convexly curved, or convexly curved to more or less straight. Forewings not predominantly green, yellow, or black; diverse in colour but not green, usually more or less conspicuously transversely patterned; predominantly whitish, or pale ochreous, or ochreous, or cream, or light brown, or brown, or pale fuscous, or fuscous, or pale grey, or grey; with a clear discal mark, or without a clear discal mark; with a distinct median band (very rarely, with a dark band - E. pulchellata), or without a median band. The outer margin of the hindwings smooth. Hindwings conspicuously patterned to plain (like or unlike the forewings); diverse in colour but not green, like or somewhat unlike the forwings; not predominantly green, yellow, or black; with a clear discal mark to without a clear discal mark; transversely lined (usually, the lines sharp to faint), or without transverse lines.

Vein 10 of the forewings arising independently of 9; arising independently, anastomosing with 11 and 9 to form a double areole (in Eucymatoge), or arising out of 11 and anastomosing with 9 to form a simple areole (mostly). Hindwings exhibiting a tubular vein 5. Vein 5 of the hindwings arising from about the middle of the transverse vein, or arising from below the middle of the transverse vein (?). Vein 8 of the hindwings approximated to or anastomosed with the upper margin of the cell to the middle or beyond. Hindwing veins 6 and 7 stalked.

Posterior tibiae of males 4-spurred.

The abdomen conspicuously patterned, or plain.

Early stages. Larvae feeding on foliage, flowers and seeds of diverse Dicot herbs and trees, also conifers.

British representation. About 50 species (with one or two adventives); South-east England, Central-southern England, South-west England, English Midlands, Northern England, Southern Scotland, Northern Scotland, Wales, and Ireland. Living adults found April and May, or May to August (sometimes double brooded), or August to October. E. abbreviata (Brindled Pug), E. absinthiata (Wormwood Pug), E. abietaria (Cloaked Pug), E. assimilata (Currant Pug), E. cauchiata (Guenée’s Pug, rare adventive figured by Newman), E. centaureata (Lime-speck Pug), E. denotata (Campanula Pug), E. distinctaria (Thyme Pug), E. dodoneata (Oak-tree Pug), E. egenaria (adventive, not illustrated), E. exiguata (Mottled Pug), E. expallidata (Bleached Pug), E. extensaria (Scarce Pug), E. fraxinata (Ash Pug), E. goossensiata (Ling pug), E. haworthiata (Haworth's Pug), E. icterata (Tawny-speckled Pug), E. indigata (Ochreous Pug), E. innotata (Angle-barred Pug), E. insigniata (Pinion-spotted Pug), E. intricata (Edinburgh Pug), E. inturbata (Maple Pug, E. irriguata (Marbled Pug), E. lariceata (Larch Pug), E. linariata (Toadflax Pug), E. millefoliata (Yarrow Pug), E. nanata (Narrow-winged Pug), E. pimpinellata (Pimpinel Pug), E. plumbeolata (Lead-coloured Pug), E. pulchellata (Foxglove Pug), E. pusillata (Juniper Pug), E. phoeniceata (rare adventive, not illustrated), E. pygmaeata (Marsh Pug), E. satyrata (Satyr Pug, Beech Pug), E. simpliciata (Plain Pug), E. subfuscata (Grey Pug), E. subumbrata (Shaded Pug), E. succenturiata (Bordered Pug), E. tamarisciata (~ innotata; adventive, not illustrated), E. tantillaria (Dwarf Pug), E. tenuiata (Slender Pug), E. tripunctaria (White-spotted Pug) E. trisignaria (Triple-spotted Pug), E. valerianata (Valerian Pug), E. venosata (Netted Pug), E. virgaureata (Golden-rod Pug), E. vulgata (Common Pug).

Subfamily. Larentiinae.

Illustrations. • British Eupithecia, Chloroclystis, Pasiphila Anticollix (Pugs): Newman. • British Eupithecia: Swain (1). • British Eupithecia: Swain (2). • British Eupithecia: Swain (3). • British Eupithecia: Swain (4). • British Eupithecia: Swain (5). • Larentiinae (‘Carpets’, ‘Pugs’, etc.): Kirby 51. • Larentiinae: Eupithecia linariata (Original generic description. Toaflax Pug: B. Ent. 64). • Eupithecia linariata: B. Ent. 64, legend+text. • Eupithecia linariata: B. Ent. 64, text cont.. • Eupithecia centaureata: forewing neuration.

To view the illustrations with detailed captions, go to the interactive key. This also offers full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting or lacking specified attributes, and distributions of character states within any set of taxa.

Cite this publication as: ‘Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2003 onwards. Insects of Britain and Ireland: the genera of Lepidoptera-Geometridae. Version: 8th June 2016.’.