The Families of Mushrooms and Toadstools Represented in the British Isles


L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz


~ Pezizaceae.

Anamorphic forms occurring (these hyphomycetous).

Morphology. The fruit-bodies producing asci and ascospores; discoid, or cupulate, or cushion-shaped (leathery or somewhat gelatinous, the hypal cells of the excipulum often embedded in a gelatinous matrix, the interascal tissue composed of paraphyses); stipitate to sessile; small to medium sized; in Sarcoscypha coccinea, about 2–6 cm across; gelatinous and somewhat translucent when moist, or not noticeably gelatinous when moist; usually brightly pigmented (within the disc, the paraphyses usually pigmented at their swollen apices); internally orange to yellow, or red (externally dark); apothecial; brightly pigmented with carotenoids (in the paraphyses); stromata absent. The asci cylindrical, persistent. The walls of the asci not staining blue with iodine. The ascospores elongate; smooth, or ornamented; hyaline; simple; multinucleate.

The hyphae without clamp connections. The hyphal walls lamellate, double layered, with both layers electron dense.

Ecology. Saprophytic. The fruit-bodies borne on the ground (then often in rich soil), or on dead wood (S. coccinea common on decayed branches).

British representation. 5 species in Britain; Microstoma, Pithya, Sarcoscypha.

World representation. 21 species; genera 10. Cosmopolitan.

Classification. Ascomycota; Ascomycetes; Pezizomycetidae; Pezizales.

Illustrations. • Sarcoscypha coccinea (LH).

To view the illustrations with captions giving names in current use, go to the interactive key. This also offers full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting or lacking specified attributes, distributions of character states within any set of taxa, source references, and other relevant material.

Cite this publication as: ‘Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2008 onwards. The families of mushrooms and toadstools represented in the British Isles. Version: 6th March 2015.’.