The Families of Mushrooms and Toadstools Represented in the British Isles


L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz


Anamorphic forms alone occurring.

Morphology. The fruit-bodies producing basidia and basidiospores (or absent?). The basidia ‘modified’; retaining an apical tetrad of sessile basidiospores with no sterigmata. The basidiospores statismosporic.

The hyphal walls lamellate, with a thin, electron-dense outer layer and a relatively thick, electron-transparent inner layer. The hyphae with dolipore septa.

Ecology. Parasitic; on other fungi.

British representation. Filobasidium.

World representation. 5 species; genera 1. Europe, North America.

Classification. Basidiomycota; Basidiomycetes; Tremellomycetidae; Filobasidiales.

Comments. Kirk et al. family description: “Basidioma absent; hyphae often with haustoria, septa with dolipores; yeast-like anamorph; mycoparasitic.”.

To view the illustrations with captions giving names in current use, go to the interactive key. This also offers full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting or lacking specified attributes, distributions of character states within any set of taxa, source references, and other relevant material.

Cite this publication as: ‘Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2008 onwards. The families of mushrooms and toadstools represented in the British Isles. Version: 6th March 2015.’.