The Families of Mushrooms and Toadstools Represented in the British Isles


L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz


Morphology. The fruit-bodies not developing asci, probasidia or basidia; tiny (? - represented by globose, spongy aggregations of flocci).

The hyphae without clamp connections.

Ecology. Saprophytic, or mycorrhizal (ectomycorrhizal). The fruit-bodies subterranean to not subterranean. Amongst moss.

British representation. Endogone.

World representation. 27 species; genera 4. Cosmopolitan, but especially temperate.

Classification. Zygomycota (Endogonales, Zygomycetes (most zygomycetes being mycelial forms not constituting “mushrooms” or “toadstools”)).

Illustrations. • Endogone pisiformis (Berkeley).

To view the illustrations with captions giving names in current use, go to the interactive key. This also offers full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting or lacking specified attributes, distributions of character states within any set of taxa, source references, and other relevant material.

Cite this publication as: ‘Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 2008 onwards. The families of mushrooms and toadstools represented in the British Isles. Version: 6th March 2015.’.