The families of flowering plants
Alternatively Phyllonomaceae Rusby, Phyllonomataceae J.K Small; ~ Grossulariaceae.
Habit and leaf form. Trees, or shrubs. Plants non-succulent. Leaves alternate; simple; not peltate. Lamina entire; acuminate. Leaves stipulate. Stipules caducous (small, fringed). Lamina margins entire, or serrate.
Axial (stem, wood) anatomy. Secondary thickening developing from a conventional cambial ring.
Reproductive type, pollination. Plants hermaphrodite.
Inflorescence, floral, fruit and seed morphology. Flowers aggregated in inflorescences; in fascicles. The ultimate inflorescence units cymose. Inflorescences epiphyllous; cymose false umbels. Flowers small (green); regular; (4–)5 merous; cyclic.
Perianth with distinct calyx and corolla; 8, or 10; 2 whorled; isomerous. Calyx (4–)5; 1 whorled; polysepalous; regular; open in bud. Corolla (4–)5; 1 whorled; polypetalous; valvate; regular; green.
Androecium (4–)5. Androecial members free of the perianth; all equal; free of one another; 1 whorled. Androecium exclusively of fertile stamens. Stamens (4–)5; isomerous with the perianth; alternating with the corolla members; shortly filantherous. Anthers small, bilobed. Pollen grains aperturate; 2–3 aperturate; colpate, or colporate (colporoidate).
Gynoecium 2 carpelled. Carpels reduced in number relative to the perianth. The pistil 1 celled. Gynoecium syncarpous; synovarious; inferior. Ovary 1 locular. Epigynous disk present (intrastaminal, large, pulvinate). Gynoecium stylate. Styles 2; free; apical; shorter than the ovary (very short, divaricate). Stigmas 2. Placentation parietal. Ovules in the single cavity 50–100 (many); biseriate.
Fruit fleshy; indehiscent; a berry (incompletely bilocular); 3–6 seeded. Seeds endospermic. Testa rugose.
Physiology, phytochemistry. Aluminium accumulation demonstrated.
Geography, cytology. Neotropical. Tropical. Mexico to Peru.
Taxonomy. Subclass Dicotyledonae; Tenuinucelli. Dahlgrens Superorder Corniflorae; Cornales (?). Cronquists Subclass Rosidae; Rosales. APG 3 core angiosperms; core eudicot; Superorder Asteranae; campanulid; Order Aquifoliales.
Species 8. Genera 1; only genus, Phyllonoma (Dulongia Kunth).
General remarks. Description very inadequate.
Illustrations. • Phyllonoma laticuspis: Nat. Pflanzenfam. III (1891).
The descriptions are offered for casual browsing only. We strongly advise against extracting comparative information from them. This is much more easily achieved using the interactive key, which allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting or lacking specified attributes, distributions of character states within any set of taxa, geographical distribution, genera included in each family, and classifications (Dahlgren; Dahlgren, Clifford, and Yeo; Cronquist; APG).
Cite this publication as: ‘Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1992 onwards. The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. Version: 22nd August 2016. delta-intkey.com’.