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Anastrepha and Toxotrypana:
descriptions, illustrations, and interactive keys

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Allen L. Norrbom, Cheslavo A. Korytkowski, Roberto A. Zucchi, Keiko Uramoto, George L. Venable, Jerrett McCormick and Michael J. Dallwitz

Anastrepha zuelaniae Stone

Morphology

Head. Frons without brown markings except ocellar tubercle. Occiput without brown marks. Orbital setae 2. Ocellar seta weak, small or absent. Gena without brown spot. Facial carina in profile concave or flat on dorsal 2/3. Face with ventral part gradually tapered laterally; without brown markings. Antenna not extended to ventral margin of face.

Thorax. Mesonotum length 2.5–3.5 mm (2.70–3.37, n=10). Scutum mostly or entirely microtrichose. Postpronotal, presutural supra-alar, dorsocentral, intra-alar and scutellar setae well developed, subequal to or longer than scutellum length. Acrostichal seta well developed. Basal scutellar seta strong, longer than scutellum. Katepisternal seta weak, no larger than postocellar seta, or absent. Mesonotum yellow, or orange. Scutum with 3 (both medial and sublateral) pale postsutural vittae; pale medial vitta with posterior end ovoid; pale sublateral postsutural vitta extended posteriorly to intra-alar seta. Scutum posteriorly without brown or orange brown markings. Scutum without brown vittae. Scutellum entirely yellow or with dark markings only on extreme base of disk. Mesopleuron mostly yellow to orange, without brown markings. Subscutellum entirely yellow to orange. Mediotergite entirely yellow to orange. Femora entirely yellow to orange. Fore femur with posterodorsal and ventral rows of well developed setae.

Wings. Wing length 6.25–7.4 mm (6.37–7.00, n=3; 6.50–7.25, Stone 1942). Wing pattern typical Anastrepha pattern (S-band complete or at most interrupted at crossvein r-m, C-band and at least proximal arm of V-band present). Cell c mostly or entirely infuscated to subhyaline, or paler posteriorly, without distinct subapical hyaline area. C-band broadly extending to vein M in cell br along cell bm; covering base of cell r2+3; yellow or orange area posterior to pterostigma broad, extending distally into cells r1 and r2+3 at least to level of midlength of pterostigma. C-band and S-band connected (along vein R4+5, cell r1 with basomarginal hyaline spot). S-band extended anteriorly to vein R4+5 and covering all of crossvein r-m. Cell bm entirely hyaline or infuscated only along subapical fold. S-band base without extension in middle of cell cu1 to posterior wing margin; without extension in cell a1 to or almost to posterior margin. S-band middle section predominantly or entirely orange, often with brown margins. Subapical hyaline area in radial cells distal to r-m extending anteriorly to vein R2+3. S-band distal section without marginal hyaline band or spots in cell r2+3 or near apices of R2+3 or R4+5. S-band distally not extended to apex of vein M. V-band proximal arm as dark as apical half of S-band; extending more than 1/3 distance from apex of vein Cu1 to apex of vein A1+Cu2; not connected anteriorly to S-band; not connected to S-band in cell dm. V-band distal arm complete; connected to proximal arm of V band. Apex of V-band not extended from vein R4+5 to vein M, hyaline area present between band and vein M. S-band distal section width ratio (width of S-band/width of cell r2+3, both measured perpendicular to costal margin at apex of vein R2+3) 0.55–0.85 (0.60–0.79, n=3). Area surrounding apex of lobe of cell bcu with microtrichia similar in density to area anterdistal to it along vein Cu1. Cell c: pterostigma ratio (cell c length/pterostigma length) 1.15–1.55 (1.24–1.45, n=3). Vein R1 ratio (distance from wing base to apex of R1/wing length) 0.51–0.55 (0.52–0.54, n=3). Vein R2+3 not sinuous; without accessory vein. Vein R4+5 distal to crossvein r-m more or less evenly curved or not strongly bowed medially. Vein M ratio (distance from bm-cu to r-m/distance from bm-cu to dm-cu) 0.64–0.69 (0.65–0.68, n=3). Vein M curvature ratio (width of cell r4+5 at apex/width at level of dm-cu) 0.8–1.05 (0.87–1.00, n=3). Cell bcu posteroapical lobe shorter than vein A1+Cu2. Cell bcu posteroapical lobe length/length of vein A1+Cu2 0.7–0.9 (0.78–0.81, n=3). Costa in male with setulae on anterior margin between crossvein h and apex of vein R1 similar to other setulae. Crossvein dm-cu orientation with anterior end more distal than posterior end.

Abdomen. Abdomen ovate or parallel-sided, syntergite 1+2 gradually broadening or parallel-sided. Abdominal tergite without brown markings. Lateral surstylus in posterior view long, slightly tapered, somewhat truncate apically. Lateral surstylus in posterior view not boot-shaped. Phallus length 2.4–3 mm (2.7, n=4); ratio (phallus length/mesonotum length) 0.8–1 (0.88–0.93, n=4). Glans present; without spinules. Oviscape straight; length 1.7–2.2 mm (1.75–2.12, n=8); length ratio (oviscape length/mesonotum length) 0.5–0.7 (0.56–0.65, n=6). Eversible membrane with dorsobasal denticles all sclerotized, in continuous triangular to semicircular or suboval pattern. Aculeus length 1.6–1.95 mm (1.62–1.91, n=8). Aculeus in ventral view more or less parallel-sided except extreme base. Aculeus tip length/aculeus length 0.12–0.15 (n=8). Aculeus tip length 0.2–0.26 mm (0.21–0.25, n=8); width 0.095–0.12 mm (0.1–0.115, n=8); length/width in ventral view 1.85–2.45 (1.91–2.38, n=8); lateral margins not curved dorsally; triangular, or gradually tapering, but with medial constriction; not flared outward at or proximal to base; without ridges or lobes; without elongate dorsolateral depressions apically; with medium sized serrations, or with large serrations; serrated part 0.5–0.8 times length of tip (0.56–0.76, n=8). Aculeus tip serrations not extending onto dorsal side basally. Aculeus tip with serrations separated by less than width of serration. Spermathecae sclerotized; ovoid.

Miscellaneous

Data recording very inadequate. Sex of recorded specimens: male and female. Species group: fraterculus group.

Biology and economic significance

This species is not considered economically important. It has been reared from fruits of two species of Flacourtiaceae. Refer to the Fruit Fly Databases for host plant information.

Illustrations

• Habitus, female (dorsal). • Wing. • Wing. • Terminalia, female (eversible membrane). • Terminalia, female (aculeus). • Terminalia, male.

Links

Fruit Fly Databases for host plant, distribution, and nomenclatural information. Google search.