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Anastrepha and Toxotrypana:
descriptions, illustrations, and interactive keys


Allen L. Norrbom, Cheslavo A. Korytkowski, Roberto A. Zucchi, Keiko Uramoto, George L. Venable, Jerrett McCormick and Michael J. Dallwitz

Anastrepha woodleyi Norrbom & Korytkowski


Body. Setae dark red brown, or dark brown to black.

Head. Frons with paired brown mark on orbital plate, separate from mark on ocellar tubercle. Anterior or single orbital seta anterior or mesal to brown band. Occiput with brown marks only on lateral sclerite, or with pair of brown marks on medial and lateral sclerites (with brown spot ventral to lateral vertical seta or with curved vitta extending onto margin of medial sclerite). Frontal setae 3–5 (4, n=2). Orbital setae 1, or 2. Ocellar seta weak, small or absent. Gena without brown spot. Facial carina in profile concave or flat on dorsal 2/3. Face with ventral part gradually tapered laterally; without brown markings. Antenna not extended to ventral margin of face. Palpus in lateral view evenly setulose.

Thorax. Mesonotum length 3.2–4.2 mm (3.60–3.88, n=2). Postpronotal lobe and notopleuron entirely microtrichose. Scutum mostly or entirely microtrichose (except large semicircular anterior area extended two-thirds distance to transverse suture and laterally beyond medial corner of postpronotal lobe). Scutellum disc entirely microtrichose. Postpronotal, presutural supra-alar, dorsocentral, intra-alar and scutellar setae well developed, subequal to or longer than scutellum length; postpronotal seta on posterior half of postpronotal lobe. Acrostichal seta well developed. Basal scutellar seta strong, longer than scutellum. Katepisternal seta weak, no larger than postocellar seta. Mesonotum orange brown, or dark brown; with short presutural lateral pale vitta on lateral margin of scutum, not extended onto notopleuron. Scutum presutural dorsocentral pale vitta absent; with 3 (both medial and sublateral) pale postsutural vittae; pale medial vitta with posterior end ovoid, or with posterior end triangular; pale sublateral postsutural vitta extended posteriorly to intra-alar seta. Scutum posteriorly without brown or orange brown markings (scutum predominantly brown), or with brown or orange brown band or other transverse marking or larger posteromedial mark. Scutum posteriorly with large U-shaped mark including posterior band and vittae; scutal posterior brown band not extended laterally to include intra-alar seta; without brown vittae, or with dark brown dorsocentral vitta. Scutellum entirely yellow or with dark markings only on extreme base of disk (disc with narrow orange or brown basal area), or with base of disk brown, extending to or beyond level of basal seta (orange or brown basal area sometimes extended almost to basal seta). Mesopleuron mostly dark orange to brown. Subscutellum entirely brown to dark brown, or yellow to red brown medially, dark brown laterally. Mediotergite entirely brown to dark brown, or yellow to red brown medially, dark brown laterally. Femora entirely yellow to orange.

Wings. Wing length 8–9.5 mm (8.40–9.05, n=2). Wing pattern typical Anastrepha pattern (S-band complete or at most interrupted at crossvein r-m, C-band and at least proximal arm of V-band present). Cell c mostly or entirely infuscated to subhyaline, or paler posteriorly, without distinct subapical hyaline area. C-band broadly extending to vein M in cell br along cell bm; covering base of cell r2+3; yellow or orange area posterior to pterostigma broad, extending distally into cells r1 and r2+3 at least to level of midlength of pterostigma. C-band and S-band connected (broadly along vein R4+5, cell r1 with basomarginal hyaline spot). Basal hyaline area between C-band and S-band extended into cell br but not reaching vein R4+5. Cell r1 basomarginal hyaline spot triangular to quadrate, or distal side narrowly elongated along costa. Cell r1 basomarginal hyaline spot apex aligned proximal to crossvein r-m, or apex aligned with crossvein r-m. S-band extended anteriorly to vein R4+5 and covering all of crossvein r-m. Cell bm entirely hyaline or infuscated only along subapical fold. S-band base without extension in middle of cell cu1 to posterior wing margin; without extension in cell a1 to or almost to posterior margin. S-band middle section predominantly or entirely orange, often with brown margins, or entirely brown. Subapical hyaline area in radial cells distal to r-m extending anteriorly to vein R2+3. S-band distal section without marginal hyaline band or spots in cell r2+3 or near apices of R2+3 or R4+5. S-band distally not extended to apex of vein M. V-band proximal arm as dark as apical half of S-band (fading anterior to vein M); extending more than 1/3 distance from apex of vein Cu1 to apex of vein A1+Cu2; not connected anteriorly to S-band; not connected to S-band in cell dm. V-band distal arm absent. S-band distal section width ratio (width of S-band/width of cell r2+3, both measured perpendicular to costal margin at apex of vein R2+3) 0.33–0.5 (0.38–0.44, n=2). Area surrounding apex of lobe of cell bcu with microtrichia similar in density to area anterdistal to it along vein Cu1. Area between S-band and V-band entirely microtrichose in cells dm and cu1. Cell c: pterostigma ratio (cell c length/pterostigma length) 1.10–1.19, n=2. Pterostigma ratio 4.44–4.59, n=2. Vein R1 ratio (distance from wing base to apex of R1/wing length) 0.55–0.57, n=2. Vein R2+3 not sinuous; without accessory vein. Vein R4+5 distal to crossvein r-m more or less evenly curved or not strongly bowed medially. Vein M ratio (distance from bm-cu to r-m/distance from bm-cu to dm-cu) 0.7–0.75 (0.72–0.74, n=2). Vein M curvature ratio (width of cell r4+5 at apex/width at level of dm-cu) 0.8–0.9 (0.83–0.87, n=2). Cell bcu ratio (length/anterior margin length along vein Cu) 1.45–1.57, n=2. Cell bcu posteroapical lobe shorter than vein A1+Cu2. Costa in male with setulae on anterior margin between crossvein h and apex of vein R1 similar to other setulae. Crossvein dm-cu orientation with anterior end more distal than posterior end.

Abdomen. Abdomen ovate or parallel-sided, syntergite 1+2 gradually broadening or parallel-sided. Abdominal tergite with brown markings. Abdominal tergites at least with syntergite 1+2 with dark brown band (tergite 3 and sometimes tergites 4–5 red brown with triangular medial yellow area almost half as wide as tergite). Epandrium posterodorsal margin evenly rounded. Epandrium in lateral view shorter than high. Lateral surstylus in posterior view with small to moderate basolateral lobe. Lateral surstylus in posterior view long, more or less acute apically. Lateral surstylus in posterior view not boot-shaped. Phallus length 10–12.5 mm (11.3, n=1); ratio (phallus length/mesonotum length) 2.75–3.5 (3.14, n=1). Glans present; without spinules. Proctiger lateral and ventral sclerotized areas separate, lateral areas separate dorsally. Oviscape entirely yellow to orange brown; straight; length 7–9 mm (8.00, n=1); length ratio (oviscape length/mesonotum length) 1.75–2.35 (2.06, n=1); spiracle ratio (distance from base to spiracle/oviscape length) 0.24, n=1. Eversible membrane with dorsobasal denticles all sclerotized, in continuous triangular to semicircular or suboval pattern. Eversible membrane with 25–35 denticles ((ca. 30 in holotype) moderately stout, hooklike dorsobasal denticles in 3–4 irregular rows in triangular pattern). Aculeus length 6.5–8.5 mm (7.50, n=1). Aculeus length/oviscape length 0.94, n=1. Aculeus in ventral view more or less parallel-sided except extreme base. Aculeus in lateral view straight or ventrally curved (slightly ventrally curved). Aculeus tip length 0.24–0.34 mm (0.29, n=1); width 0.11–0.14 mm (0.125, n=1); length/width in ventral view 2.32, n=1; depth (width in lateral view)/width (in ventral view) 0.68, n=1; lateral margins not curved dorsally; gradually tapering, blade-like, with flattened cross-section; not flared outward at or proximal to base; without ridges or lobes; without elongate dorsolateral depressions apically; with fine serrations; serrated part 0.6–0.72 times length of tip (0.66, n=1). Aculeus tip serrations not extending onto dorsal side basally. Aculeus tip with serrations separated by less than width of serration.


Data source: Norrbom & Korytkowski 2010. Sex of recorded specimens: male and female. Species group: serpentina group.

Biology and economic significance

This species is not considered economically important. Refer to the Fruit Fly Databases for host plant information.


• Habitus, female (dorsal) (Norrbom & Korytkowski 2011, fig. 2). • Wing (Norrbom & Korytkowski 2011, fig. 18). • Terminalia, female. • Terminalia, male.


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