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Anastrepha and Toxotrypana:
descriptions, illustrations, and interactive keys

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Allen L. Norrbom, Cheslavo A. Korytkowski, Roberto A. Zucchi, Keiko Uramoto, George L. Venable, Jerrett McCormick and Michael J. Dallwitz

Anastrepha schausi Aldrich

Morphology

Body. Setae dark red brown, or dark brown to black.

Head. Frons without brown markings except ocellar tubercle. Occiput without brown marks. Frontal setae 3–4. Orbital setae 2. Ocellar seta weak, small or absent. Gena without brown spot. Face with ventral part extended laterally, forming right angle with facial ridge; with brown markings. Facial carina with brown marking on ventral margin (with narrow brown band extending onto facial ridge). Antennal groove without brown markings. Face without whitish markings, or with elongate narrow mark on facial ridge (in male, bordering brown band on ventral margin). Antenna not extended to ventral margin of face. Arista of male without preapical expansion. Palpus in lateral view evenly setulose.

Thorax. Mesonotum length 3.3–4.1 mm (3.71, n=1). Postpronotal lobe and notopleuron entirely microtrichose. Scutum nonmicrotrichose except narrowly medially and laterally (lateral to line of postsutural supra-alar seta and narrowly along transverse suture). Scutellum disc entirely microtrichose. Postpronotal, presutural supra-alar, dorsocentral, intra-alar and scutellar setae well developed, subequal to or longer than scutellum length; postpronotal seta on posterior half of postpronotal lobe. Acrostichal seta well developed. Basal scutellar seta strong, longer than scutellum. Katepisternal seta well developed, at least half as large as anepimeral seta, or moderately developed, larger than postocellar seta, but much smaller and weaker than anepimeral seta. Mesonotum yellow, or orange. Scutum with 3 (both medial and sublateral) pale postsutural vittae; pale medial vitta with posterior end ovoid (extended laterally to acrostichal seta); pale sublateral postsutural vitta extended posteriorly to intra-alar seta. Scutum posteriorly without brown or orange brown markings. Scutum without brown vittae. Scutellum entirely yellow or with dark markings only on extreme base of disk. Mesopleuron mostly yellow to orange, without brown markings. Subscutellum entirely yellow to orange. Mediotergite entirely yellow to orange. Femora entirely yellow to orange. Fore femur with posterodorsal and ventral rows of well developed setae.

Wings. Wing length 8–10 mm (8.94–8.96, n=2). Wing pattern typical Anastrepha pattern (S-band complete or at most interrupted at crossvein r-m, C-band and at least proximal arm of V-band present). Cell c mostly or entirely infuscated to subhyaline, or paler posteriorly, without distinct subapical hyaline area. C-band broadly extending to vein M in cell br along cell bm; covering base of cell r2+3; yellow or orange area posterior to pterostigma broad, extending distally into cells r1 and r2+3 at least to level of midlength of pterostigma. C-band and S-band separated (by hyaline band from cell bm to costal margin in cell r1). S-band extended anteriorly to vein R4+5 and covering all of crossvein r-m. Cell bm entirely hyaline or infuscated only along subapical fold. S-band posterior margin without incision in cell cu1. S-band base without extension in middle of cell cu1 to posterior wing margin; without extension in cell a1 to or almost to posterior margin. S-band middle section predominantly or entirely orange, often with brown margins. Subapical hyaline area in radial cells distal to r-m extending anteriorly to vein R2+3. S-band distal section without marginal hyaline band or spots in cell r2+3 or near apices of R2+3 or R4+5. S-band distally not extended to apex of vein M. V-band proximal arm as dark as apical half of S-band; extending more than 1/3 distance from apex of vein Cu1 to apex of vein A1+Cu2; not connected anteriorly to S-band; not connected to S-band in cell dm. V-band distal arm complete; connected to proximal arm of V band. Apex of V-band not extended from vein R4+5 to vein M, hyaline area present between band and vein M. S-band distal section width ratio (width of S-band/width of cell r2+3, both measured perpendicular to costal margin at apex of vein R2+3) 0.8–0.95 (0.87, n=1). Area surrounding apex of lobe of cell bcu with microtrichia similar in density to area anterdistal to it along vein Cu1. Area between S-band and V-band entirely microtrichose in cells dm and cu1. Cell c: pterostigma ratio (cell c length/pterostigma length) 1.06, n=1. Vein R1 ratio (distance from wing base to apex of R1/wing length) 0.56, n=1. Vein R2+3 not sinuous; without accessory vein. Vein R4+5 distal to crossvein r-m more or less evenly curved or not strongly bowed medially. Vein M ratio (distance from bm-cu to r-m/distance from bm-cu to dm-cu) 0.68, n=1. Vein M curvature ratio (width of cell r4+5 at apex/width at level of dm-cu) 0.9–1.2 (1.04, n=1). Costa in male with setulae on anterior margin between crossvein h and apex of vein R1 similar to other setulae. Crossvein dm-cu orientation with anterior end more distal than posterior end.

Abdomen. Abdomen ovate or parallel-sided, syntergite 1+2 gradually broadening or parallel-sided. Abdominal tergite without brown markings. Abdominal tergites with broad medial vitta of denser microtrichia, producing silvery appearance at certain angles. Epandrium posterodorsal margin evenly rounded. Lateral surstylus in posterior view without basolateral lobe. Phallus length 5.5–6.4 mm (5.92, n=1); ratio (phallus length/mesonotum length) 1.35–1.85 (1.59, n=1). Glans present; with minute spinules apically. Proctiger lateral and ventral sclerotized areas connected, lateral areas separate dorsally. Oviscape at least apex brown; straight; length 4–4.85 mm (4.42, n=1); spiracle ratio (distance from base to spiracle/oviscape length) 0.24, n=1. Eversible membrane with dorsobasal denticles all sclerotized, in continuous triangular to semicircular or suboval pattern. Eversible membrane with 20–30 denticles ((about 25) long, relatively slender, hooklike dorsobasal denticles in 3–4 irregular rows in triangular to semicircular pattern). Eversible membrane, subbasally on ventral side without cluster of hairs. Aculeus length 3.8–4.65 mm (4.21, n=1). Aculeus length/oviscape length 0.95, n=1. Aculeus in ventral view more or less parallel-sided except extreme base. Aculeus in lateral view straight or ventrally curved. Aculeus tip length 0.17–0.24 mm (0.20, n=1); width 0.1–0.13 mm (0.11, n=1); length/width in ventral view 1.82, n=1; lateral margins not curved dorsally; not flared outward at or proximal to base; without ridges or lobes; without elongate dorsolateral depressions apically; not serrate; serrated part 0 times length of tip.

Miscellaneous

Sex of recorded specimens: male and female. Species group: schausi group.

Biology and economic significance

This species is not considered economically important. Refer to the Fruit Fly Databases for host plant information.

Illustrations

• Habitus, female (dorsal). • Head, male (anterior). • Wing. • Terminalia, female.

Links

Fruit Fly Databases for host plant, distribution, and nomenclatural information. Google search.