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Anastrepha and Toxotrypana:
descriptions, illustrations, and interactive keys

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Allen L. Norrbom, Cheslavo A. Korytkowski, Roberto A. Zucchi, Keiko Uramoto, George L. Venable, Jerrett McCormick and Michael J. Dallwitz

Anastrepha consobrina (Loew)

Morphology

Head. Frons without brown markings except ocellar tubercle. Occiput without brown marks. Gena without brown spot. Facial carina in profile concave or flat on dorsal 2/3. Face with ventral part gradually tapered laterally; without brown markings.

Thorax. Mesonotum length 3–3.8 mm (Stone 1942). Postpronotal, presutural supra-alar, dorsocentral, intra-alar and scutellar setae well developed, subequal to or longer than scutellum length. Acrostichal seta well developed. Basal scutellar seta strong, longer than scutellum. Mesonotum yellow, or orange. Scutum posteriorly without brown or orange brown markings (??confirm, check for state 2). Scutum without brown vittae. Scutellum entirely yellow or with dark markings only on extreme base of disk. Mesopleuron mostly yellow to orange, without brown markings. Subscutellum entirely yellow to orange. Mediotergite entirely yellow to orange.

Wings. Wing length 7.3–8.7 mm (Stone 1942). Wing pattern typical Anastrepha pattern (S-band complete or at most interrupted at crossvein r-m, C-band and at least proximal arm of V-band present). C-band broadly extending to vein M in cell br along cell bm; covering base of cell r2+3; yellow or orange area posterior to pterostigma broad, extending distally into cells r1 and r2+3 at least to level of midlength of pterostigma. C-band and S-band separated (by hyaline band narrowed along vein R4+5), or connected (narrowly along vein R4+5, cell r1 with basomarginal hyaline spot). Basal hyaline area between C-band and S-band extended to vein R4+5. Cell r1 basomarginal hyaline spot triangular to quadrate. Cell r1 basomarginal hyaline spot apex aligned proximal to crossvein r-m. S-band extended anteriorly to vein R4+5 and covering all of crossvein r-m. Cell bm entirely hyaline or infuscated only along subapical fold. S-band base without extension in middle of cell cu1 to posterior wing margin; without extension in cell a1 to or almost to posterior margin. S-band middle section predominantly or entirely orange, often with brown margins. S-band distal section without marginal hyaline band or spots in cell r2+3 or near apices of R2+3 or R4+5. S-band distally not extended to apex of vein M. V-band proximal arm as dark as apical half of S-band; not connected anteriorly to S-band; not connected to S-band in cell dm. V-band distal arm complete; connected to proximal arm of V band. Vein R2+3 without accessory vein.

Abdomen. Abdominal tergite without brown markings. Oviscape length 6.7–7 mm (Stone 1942). Eversible membrane with dorsobasal denticles all sclerotized, in continuous triangular to semicircular or suboval pattern. Aculeus length 6.2–6.7 mm (Stone 1942). Aculeus in ventral view more or less parallel-sided except extreme base. Aculeus tip without ridges or lobes; without elongate dorsolateral depressions apically; with fine serrations, or with medium sized serrations. Aculeus tip serrations not extending onto dorsal side basally. Aculeus tip with serrations separated by less than width of serration. Egg without lobe (Figueiredo et al. 2011).

Miscellaneous

Other names for this species: Anastrepha zikani Lima. Data source: Stone 1942. Sex of recorded specimens: male and female. Species group: pseudoparallela group.

Biology and economic significance

This species is a pest of fruits of species of Passiflora (Passifloraceae). The main damage is caused by the larvae, which feed inside the fruit. Refer to the Fruit Fly Databases for host plant information.

Illustrations

• Abdomen, female (Lima 1934, est. LXXIV, fig. 55). • Wing. • Wing (Uramoto 2007). • Terminalia, female (eversible membrane). • Terminalia, female (aculeus). • Terminalia, male (Lima 1934, fig. 30).

Links

Fruit Fly Databases for host plant, distribution, and nomenclatural information. Google search.